Dīghanikāya - Trường Bộ Kinh

HT Thch Minh Chu dịch

 

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BẢN DỊCH VIỆT

7. Mahāsamayasuttaṃ

7. Mahāsamayasuttavaṇṇanā

20. Kinh Đại Hội

331. Evaṃ me sutaṃ ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmiṃ mahāvane mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ pacamattehi bhikkhusatehi sabbeheva arahantehi; dasahi ca lokadhātūhi devatā yebhuyyena sannipatitā honti bhagavantaṃ dassanāya bhikkhusaṅghaca. Atha kho catunnaṃ suddhāvāsakāyikānaṃ devatānaṃ [devānaṃ (sī. syā. pī.)] etadahosi ayaṃ kho bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmiṃ mahāvane mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ pacamattehi bhikkhusatehi sabbeheva arahantehi; dasahi ca lokadhātūhi devatā yebhuyyena sannipatitā honti bhagavantaṃ dassanāya bhikkhusaṅghaca. Yaṃnūna mayampi yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkameyyāma; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavato santike paccekaṃ gāthaṃ [paccekagāthaṃ (sī. syā. pī.), paccekagāthā (ka. sī.)] bhāseyyāmāti.

Nidānavaṇṇanā

331.Evaṃme sutanti mahāsamayasuttaṃ. Tatrāyamapubbapadavaṇṇanā  sakkesūti ambaṭṭhasutte vuttena uppattinayena sakyā vata, bho kumārāti udānaṃ paṭicca sakkāti laddhanāmānaṃ rājakumārānaṃ nivāso ekopi janapado ruḷhīsaddena sakkāti vuccati, tasmiṃ sakkesu janapade. Mahāvaneti sayaṃjāte aropite himavantena saddhiṃ ekābaddhe mahati vane. Sabbeheva arahantehīti imaṃ suttaṃ kathitadivaseyeva pattaarahattehi.

Tatrāyaṃ anupubbikathā sākiyakoliyā kira kapilavatthunagarassa ca koliyanagarassa ca antare rohiṇiṃ nāma nadiṃ ekeneva āvaraṇena bandhāpetvā sassāni karonti, atha jeṭṭhamūlamāse sassesu milāyantesu ubhayanagaravāsikānampi kammakarā sannipatiṃsu. Tattha koliyanagaravāsino āhaṃsu idaṃ udakaṃ ubhato hariyamānaṃ na tumhākaṃ na amhākaṃ pahossati, amhākaṃ pana sassaṃ ekena udakeneva nipphajjissati, idaṃ udakaṃ amhākaṃ dethāti. Kapilavatthunagaravāsino āhaṃsu tumhesu koṭṭhe pūretvā ṭhitesu mayaṃ rattasuvaṇṇanīlamaṇikāḷakahāpaṇe ca gahetvā pacchipasibbakādihatthā na sakkhissāma tumhākaṃ gharadvāre vicarituṃ, amhākampi sassaṃ ekeneva udakena nipphajjissati, idaṃ udakaṃ amhākaṃ dethāti. Na mayaṃ dassāmāti. Mayampi na dassāmāti. Evaṃ kalahaṃ vaḍḍhetvā eko uṭṭhāya ekassa pahāraṃ adāsi, sopi aassāti evaṃ aamaaṃ paharitvā rājakulānaṃ jātiṃ ghaṭṭetvā kalahaṃ vaḍḍhayiṃsu.

Koliyakammakarā vadanti tumhe kapilavatthuvāsike gahetvā gajjatha, ye soṇasiṅgālādayo viya attano bhaginīhi saddhiṃ saṃvasiṃsu. Etesaṃ hatthino ca assā ca phalakāvudhāni ca amhākaṃ kiṃ karissantīti? Sākiyakammakarāpi vadanti tumhe dāni kuṭṭhino dārake gahetvā gajjatha, ye anāthā niggatikā tiracchānā viya kolarukkhe vasiṃsu, etesaṃ hatthino ca assā ca phalakāvudhāni ca amhākaṃ kiṃ karissantīti? Te gantvā tasmiṃ kamme niyuttaamaccānaṃ kathesuṃ, amaccā rājakulānaṃ kathesuṃ, tato sākiyā bhaginīhi saddhiṃ saṃvāsikānaṃ thāmaca balaca dassessāmāti yuddhasajjā nikkhamiṃsu. Koliyāpi kolarukkhavāsīnaṃ thāmaca balaca dassessāmāti yuddhasajjā nikkhamiṃsu.

Bhagavāpi rattiyā paccūsasamayeva mahākaruṇāsamāpattito vuṭṭhāya lokaṃ volokento ime evaṃ yuddhasajje nikkhamante addasa. Disvā mayi gate ayaṃ kalaho vūpasamissati nu kho udāhu noti upadhārento ahamettha gantvā kalahavūpasamanatthaṃ tīṇi jātakāni kathessāmi, tato kalaho vūpasamissati. Atha sāmaggidīpanatthāya dve jātakāni kathetvā attadaṇḍasuttaṃ desessāmi. Desanaṃ sutvā ubhayanagaravāsinopi aḍḍhatiyāni aḍḍhatiyāni kumārasatāni dassanti, ahaṃ te pabbajissāmi, tadā mahāsamāgamo bhavissatīti sanniṭṭhānamakāsi. Tasmā imesu yuddhasajjesu nikkhamantesu kassaci anārocetvā sayameva pattacīvaramādāya gantvā dvinnaṃ senānaṃ antare ākāse pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā chabbaṇṇarasmiyo vissajjetvā nisīdi.

Kapilavatthuvāsino bhagavantaṃ disvāva amhākaṃ ātiseṭṭho satthā āgato, diṭṭho nu kho tena amhākaṃ kalahakāraṇabhāvoti cintetvā na kho pana sakkā bhagavati āgate amhehi parassa sarīre satthaṃ pātetuṃ, koliyanagaravāsino amhe hanantu vā pacantu vāti āvudhāni chaḍḍetvā bhagavantaṃ vanditvā nisīdiṃsu. Koliyanagaravāsinopi tatheva cintetvā āvudhāni chaḍḍetvā bhagavantaṃ vanditvā nisīdiṃsu.

Bhagavā jānantova kasmā āgatattha mahārājāti pucchi. Bhagavā, na titthakīḷāya na pabbatakīḷāya na nadīkīḷāya na giridassanatthaṃ, imasmiṃ pana ṭhāne saṅgāmaṃ paccupaṭṭhapetvā āgatamhāti. Kiṃ nissāya vo kalaho mahārājāti? Udakaṃ, bhanteti. Udakaṃ kiṃ agghati mahārājāti? Appagghaṃ, bhanteti. Pathavī nāma kiṃ agghati mahārājāti? Anagghā, bhanteti. Khattiyā kiṃ agghanti mahārājāti? Khattiyā nāma anagghā bhanteti. Appamūlakaṃ udakaṃ nissāya kimatthaṃ anagghe khattiye nāsetha, mahārājāti? Kalahe assādo nāma natthi, kalahavasena mahārājā aṭṭhāne veraṃ katvā ekāya rukkhadevatāya kāḷasīhena saddhiṃ baddhāghāto sakalampi imaṃ kappaṃ anuppattoyevāti vatvā phandanajātakaṃ kathesi. Tato parapattiyena nāma mahārājā na bhavitabbaṃ. Parapattiyā hutvā hi ekassa sasakassa kathāya tiyojanasahassavitthate himavante catuppadagaṇā mahāsamuddaṃ pakkhandino ahesuṃ. Tasmā parapattiyena na bhavitabbanti vatvā pathavīundriyajātakaṃ kathesi. Tato kadāci, mahārājā, dubbalopi mahabbalassa randhaṃ vivaraṃ passati, kadāci mahabbalo dubbalassa. Laṭukikāpi hi sakuṇikā hatthināgaṃ ghātesīti vatvā laṭukikajātakaṃ kathesi. Evaṃ kalahavūpasamatthāya tīṇi jātakāni kathetvā sāmaggiparidīpanatthāya dve jātakāni kathesi. Kathaṃ? Samaggānahi mahārājā koci otāraṃ nāma passituṃ na sakkotīti vatvā rukkhadhammajātakaṃ kathesi. Tato samaggānaṃ mahārājā koci vivaraṃ passituṃ nāsakkhi. Yadā pana aamaaṃ vivādamakaṃsu, atha te nesādaputto jīvitā voropetvā ādāya gato. Vivāde assādo nāma natthīti vatvā vaṭṭakajātakaṃ kathesi. Evaṃ imāni paca jātakāni kathetvā avasāne attadaṇḍasuttaṃ kathesi.

Rājāno pasannā sace satthā nāgamissa, mayaṃ sahatthā aamaaṃyeva vadhitvā lohitanadiṃ pavattayissāma, amhākaṃ puttabhātaro gehadvāre na passeyyāma, sāsanapaṭisāsanampi no āharaṇako na bhavissati. Satthāraṃ nissāya no jīvitaṃ laddhaṃ. Sace pana satthā agāraṃ ajjhāvasissa, dvisahassadīpaparivāresu catūsu mahādīpesu rajjamassa hatthagataṃ abhavissa, atirekasahassaṃ kho panassa puttā abhavissaṃsu, tato khattiyaparivārova avicarissa. Taṃ kho panesa sampattiṃ pahāya nikkhamitvā sambodhiṃ patto, idānipi khattiyaparivāroyeva vicaratūti ubhayanagaravāsino aḍḍhatiyāni aḍḍhatiyāni kumārasatāni adaṃsu. Bhagavā te pabbājetvā mahāvanaṃ agamāsi. Tesaṃ garugāravavasena na attano ruciyā pabbajitānaṃ anabhirati uppajji. Purāṇadutiyikāyopi nesaṃ ayyaputtā ukkaṇṭhantu, gharāvāso na saṇṭhātītiādīni vatvā sāsanaṃ pesenti. Te atirekataraṃ ukkaṇṭhiṃsu.

Bhagavā āvajjanto tesaṃ anabhiratabhāvaṃ atvā ime bhikkhū mādisena buddhena saddhiṃ ekato vasantā ukkaṇṭhanti, handa nesaṃ kuṇāladahassa vaṇṇaṃ kathetvā tattha netvā anabhiratiṃ vinodessāmīti kuṇāladahassa vaṇṇaṃ kathesi. Te taṃ daṭṭhukāmā ahesuṃ. Daṭṭhukāmattha, bhikkhave, kuṇāladahanti? Āma bhagavāti. Yadi evaṃ, etha, gacchāmāti. Iddhimantānaṃ bhagavā gamanaṭṭhānaṃ mayaṃ kathaṃ gamissāmāti? Tumhe gantukāmā hotha, ahaṃ mamānubhāvena gahetvā gamissāmīti. Sādhu, bhanteti. Atha bhagavā paca bhikkhusatāni gahetvā ākāse uppatitvā kuṇāladahe patiṭṭhāya te bhikkhū āha bhikkhave, imasmiṃ kuṇāladahe yesaṃ macchānaṃ nāmaṃ na jānātha, tesaṃ nāmaṃ pucchathāti.

Te pucchiṃsu, bhagavā pucchitapucchitaṃ kathesi. Na kevalaṃ macchānaṃyeva, tasmiṃ vanasaṇḍe rukkhānampi pabbatapāde dvipadacatuppadasakuṇānampi nāmāni pucchāpetvā kathesi. Atha dvīhi sakuṇehi mukhatuṇḍakena ḍaṃsitvā gahitadaṇḍake nisinno kuṇālasakuṇarājā purato pacchato ubhosu passesu sakuṇasaṅghaparivuto āgacchati. Bhikkhū taṃ disvā esa, bhante, imesaṃ sakuṇānaṃ rājā bhavissati, parivārā ete etassāti maāmāti. Evameva, bhikkhave, ayampi mama vaṃso mama paveṇīti. Idāni tāva mayaṃ, bhante, ete sakuṇe passāma. Yaṃ pana bhagavā ayampi mama vaṃso mama paveṇīti āha, taṃ sotukāmamhāti. Sotukāmattha bhikkhaveti? Āma, bhagavāti. Tena hi suṇāthāti tīhi gāthāsatehi maṇḍetvā kuṇālajātakaṃ kathento anabhiratiṃ vinodesi. Desanāpariyosāne sabbepi sotāpattiphale patiṭṭhahiṃsu, maggeneva ca nesaṃ iddhipi āgatā. Bhagavā hotu tāva ettakaṃ etesaṃ bhikkhūnanti ākāse uppatitvā mahāvanameva agamāsi. Tepi bhikkhū gamanakāle dasabalassa ānubhāvena gantvā āgamanakāle attano ānubhāvena bhagavantaṃ parivāretvā mahāvane otariṃsu.

Bhagavā paattāsane nisīditvā te bhikkhū āmantetvā etha, bhikkhave, nisīdatha, uparimaggattayavajjhānaṃ vo kilesānaṃ pahānāya kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathessāmīti kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathesi. Bhikkhū cintesuṃ bhagavā amhākaṃ anabhiratabhāvaṃ atvā kuṇāladahaṃ netvā anabhiratiṃ vinodesi, tattha sotāpattiphalappattānaṃ no idāni idha tiṇṇaṃ maggānaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ adāsi, na kho panamhehi sotāpannā mayanti vītināmetuṃ vaṭṭati, uttamapurisasadisehi no bhavituṃ vaṭṭatīti te dasabalassa pāde vanditvā uṭṭhāya nisīdanaṃ papphoṭetvā visuṃ visuṃ pabbhārarukkhamūlesu nisīdiṃsu.

Bhagavā cintesi ime bhikkhū pakatiyāpi avissaṭṭhakammaṭṭhānā, laddhupāyassa pana bhikkhuno kilamanakāraṇaṃ nāma natthi. Gacchantā gacchantā ca vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā arahattaṃ patvā attanā attanā paṭiladdhaguṇaṃ ārocessāmāti mama santikaṃ āgamissanti. Etesu āgatesu dasasahassacakkavāḷe devatā ekacakkavāḷe sannipatissanti, mahāsamayo bhavissati, vivitte okāse mayā nisīdituṃ vaṭṭatīti. Tato vivitte okāse buddhāsanaṃ paapetvā nisīdi.

Sabbapaṭhamaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvā gatathero saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Tato aparo tato aparoti pacasatāpi paduminiyaṃ padumāni viya vikasiṃsu. Sabbapaṭhamaṃ arahattappattabhikkhu bhagavato ārocessāmīti pallaṅkaṃ vinibbhujitvā nisīdanaṃ papphoṭetvā uṭṭhāya dasabalābhimukho ahosi. Evaṃ aparopi aparopīti pacasatāpi bhattasālaṃ pavisantā viya paṭipāṭiyāva āgamaṃsu. Paṭhamaṃ āgato vanditvā nisīdanaṃ paapetvā ekamantaṃ nisīditvā paṭiladdhaguṇaṃ ārocetukāmo atthi nu kho ao koci, natthīti nivattitvā āgamanamaggaṃ olokento aparampi addasa aparampi addasa. Iti sabbepi te āgantvā ekamantaṃ nisīditvā ayaṃ imassa harāyamāno na kathesi, ayaṃ imassa harāyamāno na kathesīti. Khīṇāsavānaṃ kira dve ākārā honti aho vata mayā paṭiladdhaguṇaṃ sadevako loko khippameva paṭivijjheyyāti cittaṃ uppajjati. Paṭiladdhabhāvaṃ pana nidhiladdhapuriso viya na aassa ārocetukāmo hoti.

Evaṃ osīdamatte pana tasmiṃ ariyamaṇḍale pācīnayugandharaparikkhepato abbhā, mahikā, dhūmo, rajo, rāhūti imehi upakkilesehi vippamuttaṃ buddhuppādapaṭimaṇḍitassa lokassa rāmaṇeyyakadassanatthaṃ pācīnadisāya ukkhittarajatamayamahāādāsamaṇḍalaṃ viya, nemivaṭṭiyaṃ gahetvā parivattiyamānarajatacakkasassirikaṃ puṇṇacandamaṇḍalaṃ ullaṅghitvā anilapathaṃ paṭipajjittha. Iti evarūpe khaṇe laye muhutte bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmiṃ mahāvane mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ pacamattehi bhikkhusatehi sabbeheva arahantehi.

Tattha bhagavāpi mahāsammatassa vaṃse uppanno, tepi pacasatā bhikkhū mahāsammatassa kule uppannā. Bhagavāpi khattiyagabbhe jāto, tepi khattiyagabbhe jātā. Bhagavāpi rājapabbajito, tepi rājapabbajitā. Bhagavāpi setacchattaṃ pahāya hatthagataṃ cakkavattirajjaṃ nissajjetvā pabbajito, tepi setacchattaṃ pahāya hatthagatāni rajjāni nissajjetvā pabbajitā. Iti bhagavā parisuddhe okāse parisuddhe rattibhāge sayaṃ parisuddho parisuddhaparivāro vītarāgo vītarāgaparivāro vītadoso vītadosaparivāro vītamoho vītamohaparivāro nittaṇho nittaṇhaparivāro nikkileso nikkilesaparivāro santo santaparivāro danto dantaparivāro mutto muttaparivāro ativiya virocatīti. Vaṇṇabhūmi nāmesā, yattakaṃ sakkoti, tattakaṃ vattabbaṃ. Iti ime bhikkhū sandhāya vuttaṃ pacamattehi bhikkhusatehi sabbeheva arahantehīti.

Yebhuyyenāti bahutarā sannipatitā, mandā na sannipatitā asaā arūpāvacaradevatā samāpannadevatā ca. Tatrāyaṃ sannipātakkamo mahāvanassa kira sāmantā devatā caliṃsu āyāma, bho buddhadassanaṃ nāma bahūpakāraṃ, dhammassavanaṃ bahūpakāraṃ, bhikkhusaṅghadassanaṃ bahūpakāraṃ, āyāma āyāmāti mahāsaddaṃ kurumānā āgantvā bhagavantaca taṃmuhuttaṃ arahattappattakhīṇāsave ca vanditvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu. Eteneva upāyena tāsaṃ tāsaṃ saddaṃ sutvā saddantaraaḍḍhagāvutagāvutaaḍḍhayojanayojanādivasena tiyojanasahassavitthate himavante, tikkhattuṃ tesaṭṭhiyā nagarasahassesu, navanavutiyā doṇamukhasatasahassesu, channavutiyā paṭṭanakoṭisatasahassesu, chapaṇṇāsāya ratanākaresūti sakalajambudīpe, pubbavidehe, aparagoyāne, uttarakurumhi, dvīsu parittadīpasahassesūti sakalacakkavāḷe, tato dutiyatatiyacakkavāḷeti evaṃ dasasahassacakkavāḷesu devatā sannipatitāti veditabbā. Dasasahassacakkavāḷahi idha dasalokadhātuyoti adhippetā. Tena vuttaṃ dasahi ca lokadhātūhi devatā yebhuyyena sannipatitā hontīti.

Evaṃ sannipatitāhi devatāhi sakalacakkavāḷagabbhaṃ yāva brahmalokā sūcighare nirantaraṃ pakkhittasūcīhi viya paripuṇṇaṃ hoti. Tatra brahmalokassa evaṃ uccattanaṃ veditabbaṃ. Lohapāsāde kira sattakūṭāgārasamo pāsāṇo brahmaloke ṭhatvā adho khitto catūhi māsehi pathaviṃ pāpuṇāti. Evaṃ mahante okāse yathā heṭṭhā ṭhatvā khittāni pupphāni vā dhūmo vā upari gantuṃ, upari vā ṭhatvā khittasāsapā heṭṭhā otarituṃ antaraṃ na labhanti, evaṃ nirantaraṃ devatā ahesuṃ. Yathā kho pana cakkavattirao nisinnaṭṭhānaṃ asambādhaṃ hoti, āgatāgatā mahesakkhā khattiyā okāsaṃ labhantiyeva, parato parato pana atisambādhaṃ hoti, evameva bhagavato nisinnaṭṭhānaṃ asambādhaṃ, āgatāgatā mahesakkhā devatā ca mahābrahmāno ca okāsaṃ labhantiyeva. Apisudaṃ bhagavato āsannāsannaṭṭhāne mahāparinibbāne vuttanayeneva vālaggakoṭinitudanamatte padese dasapi vīsampi sabbaparato tiṃsampi devatā sukhume sukhume attabhāve māpetvā aṭṭhaṃsu. Saṭṭhi saṭṭhi devatā aṭṭhaṃsu.

Suddhāvāsakāyikānanti suddhāvāsavāsīnaṃ. Suddhāvāsā nāma suddhānaṃ anāgāmikhīṇāsavānaṃ āvāsā paca brahmalokā. Etadahosīti kasmā ahosi? Te kira brahmāno samāpattiṃ samāpajjitvā yathāparicchedena vuṭṭhitā brahmabhavanaṃ olokentā pacchābhatte bhattagehaṃ viya suataṃ addasaṃsu. Tato kuhiṃ brahmāno gatāti āvajjantā mahāsamāgamaṃ atvā ayaṃ samāgamo mahā, mayaṃ ohīnā, ohīnakānaṃ okāso dullabho hoti, tasmā gacchantā atucchahatthā hutvā ekekaṃ gāthaṃ abhisaṅkharitvā gacchāma. Tāya mahāsamāgame ca attano āgatabhāvaṃ jānāpessāma, dasabalassa ca vaṇṇaṃ bhāsissāmāti. Iti tesaṃ samāpattito vuṭṭhāya āvajjitattā etadahosi.

332.Bhagavato purato pāturahesunti pāḷiyaṃ bhagavato santike abhimukhaṭṭhāneyeva otiṇṇā viya katvā vuttā, na kho panettha evaṃ attho veditabbo. Te pana brahmaloke ṭhitāyeva gāthā abhisaṅkharitvā eko puratthimacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ otari, eko dakkhiṇacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ, eko pacchimacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ, eko uttaracakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ otari. Tato puratthimacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ otiṇṇabrahmā nīlakasiṇaṃ samāpajjitvā nīlarasmiyo vissajjitvā dasasahassacakkavāḷadevatānaṃ maṇicammaṃ paṭimucanto viya attano āgatabhāvaṃ jānāpetvā buddhavīthi nāma kenaci ottharituṃ na sakkā, tasmā pahaṭabuddhavīthiyāva āgantvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito attanā abhisaṅkhataṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi.

Dakkhiṇacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ otiṇṇabrahmāpi pītakasiṇaṃ samāpajjitvā pītarasmiyo suvaṇṇapabhaṃ mucitvā dasasahassacakkavāḷadevatānaṃ suvaṇṇapaṭaṃ pārupento viya attano āgatabhāvaṃ jānāpetvā tatheva aṭṭhāsi. Pacchimacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ otiṇṇabrahmāpi lohitakasiṇaṃ samāpajjitvā lohitarasmiyo mucitvā dasasahassacakkavāḷadevatānaṃ rattavarakambalena parikkhipanto viya attano āgatabhāvaṃ jānāpetvā tatheva aṭṭhāsi. Uttaracakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ otiṇṇabrahmāpi odātakasiṇaṃ samāpajjitvā odātarasmiyo mucitvā dasasahassacakkavāḷadevatānaṃ sumanapaṭaṃ pārupanto viya attano āgatabhāvaṃ jānāpetvā tatheva aṭṭhāsi.

Pāḷiyaṃ pana bhagavato purato pāturahesuṃ. Atha kho tā devatā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsūti evaṃ ekakkhaṇaṃ viya purato pātubhāvo ca abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ ṭhitabhāvo ca vutto, so iminā anukkamena ahosi, ekato katvā pana dassito. Gāthābhāsanaṃ pana pāḷiyaṃ visuṃ visuṃyeva vuttaṃ.

Tattha mahāsamayoti mahāsamūho. Pavanaṃ vuccati vanasaṇḍo. Ubhayenapi bhagavā imasmiṃ vanasaṇḍe ajja mahāsamūho mahāsannipātoti āha. Tato yesaṃ so sannipāto, te dassetuṃ devakāyāsamāgatāti āha. Tattha devakāyāti devaghaṭā. Āgatamha imaṃ dhammasamayanti evaṃ samāgate devakāye disvā mayampi imaṃ dhammasamūhaṃ āgatā. Kiṃ kāraṇā? Dakkhitāye aparājitasaṅghaṃ, kenaci aparājitaṃ ajjeva tayo māre madditvā vijitasaṅgāmaṃ imaṃ aparājitasaṅghaṃ dassanatthāya āgatamhāti attho. So pana brahmā imaṃ gāthaṃ bhāsitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā puratthimacakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃyeva aṭṭhāsi.

Atha dutiyo vuttanayeneva āgantvā abhāsi. Tattha tatra bhikkhavoti tasmiṃ sannipātaṭṭhāne bhikkhū. Samādahaṃsūti samādhinā yojesuṃ. Cittamattano ujukaṃ akaṃsūti attano cittaṃ sabbe vaṅkakuṭilajimhabhāve haritvā ujukaṃ akariṃsu. Sārathīva nettāni gahetvāti yathā samappavattesu sindhavesu odhastapatodo sārathi sabbayottāni gahetvā acodento avārento tiṭṭhati, evaṃ chaḷaṅgupekkhāsamannāgatā guttadvārā sabbepete pacasatā bhikkhū indriyāni rakkhanti paṇḍitā, ete daṭṭhuṃ idhāgatamha bhagavāti. Sopi gantvā yathāṭhāneyeva aṭṭhāsi.

Atha tatiyo vuttanayeneva āgantvā abhāsi. Tattha chetvā khīlanti rāgadosamohakhīlaṃ chinditvā. Palighanti rāgadosamohapalighameva. Indakhīlantipi rāgadosamohaindakhīlameva. Ūhacca manejāti ete taṇhāejāya abhāvena anejā bhikkhū indakhīlaṃ ūhacca samūhanitvā. Te carantīti catūsu disāsu appaṭihatacārikaṃ caranti. Suddhāti nirupakkilesā. Vimalāti nimmalā. Idaṃ tasseva vevacanaṃ. Cakkhumatāti pacahi cakkhūhi cakkhumantena. Sudantāti cakkhutopi dantā, sotatopi ghānatopi jivhātopi kāyatopi manatopi dantā. Susunāgāti taruṇanāgā. Te evarūpena anuttarena yogācariyena damite taruṇanāge dassanāya āgatamha bhagavāti. Sopi gantvā yathāṭhāneyeva aṭṭhāsi.

Atha catuttho vuttanayeneva āgantvā abhāsi. Tattha gatāseti nibbematikasaraṇagamanena gatā. Sopi gantvā yathāṭhāneyeva aṭṭhāsi.

 

331. Như vầy ti nghe.

Một thời, Thế Tn tr tại bộ lạc Sakka (Thch-ca), thnh Kapilavatthu (Ca-tỳ-la-vệ), ở ại Lm (Mahvana), cng với đại chng Tỷ-kheo khoảng năm trăm vị, tất cả đều l bậc A-la-hn. V chư Thin ở mười phương thế giới phần lớn cũng thường tập hội để chim ngưỡng Thế Tn v chng Tỷ-kheo.

Lc bấy giờ, bốn vị Tịnh Cư thin (Suddhvsa) suy nghĩ như sau: "Thế Tn nay tr tại bộ lạc Sakka, thnh Kapilavatthu, ở ại Lm, cng với ại chng Tỷ-kheo khoảng năm trăm vị, tất cả đều l bậc A-la-hn. V chư Thin ở mười phương thế giới phần lớn cũng thường tập hội để chim ngưỡng Thế Tn v chng Tỷ-kheo. Vậy chng ta hy đến tại chỗ Thế Tn ở, khi đến xong mỗi chng ta sẽ đọc một bi kệ dng ln Thế Tn".

 

 

332. Atha kho tā devatā seyyathāpi nāma balavā puriso samijitaṃ vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ samijeyya , evameva suddhāvāsesu devesu antarahitā bhagavato purato pāturahesuṃ. Atha kho tā devatā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho ekā devatā bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi

Mahāsamayo pavanasmiṃ, devakāyā samāgatā;

Āgatamha imaṃ dhammasamayaṃ, dakkhitāye aparājitasaṅghanti.

Atha kho aparā devatā bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi

Tatra bhikkhavo samādahaṃsu, cittamattano ujukaṃ akaṃsu [ujukamakaṃsu (sī. syā. pī.)];

Sārathīva nettāni gahetvā, indriyāni rakkhanti paṇḍitāti.

Atha kho aparā devatā bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi

Chetvā khīlaṃ chetvā palighaṃ, indakhīlaṃ ūhacca [uhacca (ka.)] manejā;

Te caranti suddhā vimalā, cakkhumatā sudantā susunāgāti.

Atha kho aparā devatā bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi

Yekeci buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gatāse, na te gamissanti apāyabhūmiṃ;

Pahāya mānusaṃ dehaṃ, devakāyaṃ paripūressantīti.

 

 

332. Rồi chư Thin ấy, nhanh như nh lực sĩ duỗi cnh tay co lại, hay co cnh tay duỗi ra, biến mất từ Tịnh Cư thin v hiện ra trước mặt Thế Tn. Chư Thin ấy đảnh lễ Thế Tn v đứng một bn. Sau khi đứng một bn, một vị Thin đọc bi kệ trước Thế Tn:

ại hội tại ại Lm
Chư Thin đồng tụ tập.
Chng con đến Php hội
ảnh lễ chng Bất Thắng.

Rồi một vị Thin khc cũng đọc ln một bi kệ trước Thế Tn:

Tại đy chng Tỷ-kheo
Thiền định, tm chnh trực.
Như chủ xe nắm cương,
Bậc tr hộ cc căn.

Lại một vị Thin khc cũng đọc ln một bi kệ trước Thế Tn:

Như kha gy, chốt tho,
Cửa trụ bị đo ln.
Sống thanh tịnh, c mắt
Như voi kho điều phục.

Lại một vị Thin khc cũng đọc ln một bi kệ trước Thế Tn:

Những ai quy y Phật,
Sẽ khng đọa c th,
Sau khi bỏ thn người,
Sẽ sanh lm chư Thin.

 

 

Devatāsannipātā

333. Atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi yebhuyyena, bhikkhave, dasasu lokadhātūsu devatā sannipatitā honti [( ) sī. ipotthakesu natthi], tathāgataṃ dassanāya bhikkhusaṅghaca . Yepi te, bhikkhave, ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tesampi bhagavantānaṃ etaṃparamāyeva [etaparamāyeva (sī. syā. pī.)] devatā sannipatitā ahesuṃ seyyathāpi mayhaṃ etarahi. Yepi te, bhikkhave, bhavissanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tesampi bhagavantānaṃ etaṃparamāyeva devatā sannipatitā bhavissanti seyyathāpi mayhaṃ etarahi. Ācikkhissāmi, bhikkhave, devakāyānaṃ nāmāni; kittayissāmi, bhikkhave, devakāyānaṃ nāmāni; desessāmi, bhikkhave, devakāyānaṃ nāmāni. Taṃ suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasikarotha, bhāsissāmīti. Evaṃ, bhanteti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ.

 

Devatāsannipātavaṇṇanā

333. Atha bhagavā olokento pathavītalato yāva cakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiparicchedā yāva akaniṭṭhabrahmalokā devatāsannipātaṃ disvā cintesi mahā ayaṃ devatāsamāgamo, bhikkhū pana evaṃ mahā devatāya samāgamoti na jānanti, handa, nesaṃ ācikkhāmīti, evaṃ cintetvā atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesīti sabbaṃ vitthāretabbaṃ. Tattha etaparamāti etaṃ paramaṃ pamāṇaṃ etesanti etaparamā. Idāni buddhānaṃ pana abhāvā yepi te, bhikkhave, etarahīti tatiyo vāro na vutto. Ācikkhissāmi, bhikkhaveti kasmā āha? Devatānaṃ cittakallatājananatthaṃ. Devatā kira cintesuṃ bhagavā evaṃ mahante samāgame mahesakkhānaṃyeva devatānaṃ nāmagottāni kathessati, appesakkhānaṃ kiṃ kathessatīti? Atha bhagavā imā devatā kiṃ cintentīti āvajjanto mukhena hatthaṃ pavesetvā hadayamaṃsaṃ maddanto viya sabhaṇḍaṃ coraṃ gaṇhanto viya ca taṃ tāsaṃ cittācāraṃ atvā dasasahassacakkavāḷato āgatāgatānaṃ appesakkhamahesakkhānaṃ sabbāsampi devatānaṃ nāmagottaṃ kathessāmīti cintesi.

Buddhā nāma mahantā ete sattavisesā, yaṃ sadevakassa lokassa diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, na kici katthaci nīlādivasena vibhattarūpārammaṇesu rūpārammaṇaṃ vā bherīsaddādivasena vibhattasaddārammaṇādīsu visuṃ visuṃ saddādiārammaṇaṃ vā atthi, yaṃ etesaṃ āṇamukhe āpāthaṃ nāgacchati. Yathāha

Yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassape sadevamanussāya diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, tamahaṃ jānāmi, tamahaṃ passāmi, tamahaṃ abbhaāsinti (a. ni. 4.24).

Evaṃ sabbattha appaṭihataāṇo bhagavā sabbāpi tā devatā bhabbābhabbavasena dve koṭṭhāse akāsi. Kammāvaraṇena vā samannāgatātiādinā nayena vuttā sattā abhabbā nāma. Te ekavihāre vasantepi buddhā na olokenti. Viparītā pana bhabbā nāma, te dūre vasantepi gantvā saṅgaṇhanti. Tasmā tasmimpi devatāsannipāte ye abhabbā, te pahāya bhabbe pariggahesi. Pariggahetvā ettakā ettha rāgacaritā, ettakā dosacaritā, ettakā mohacaritāti caritavasena cha koṭṭhāse akāsi. Atha nesaṃ sappāyaṃ dhammadesanaṃ upadhārayanto rāgacaritānaṃ devatānaṃ sammāparibbājaniyasuttaṃ kathessāmi, dosacaritānaṃ kalahavivādasuttaṃ, mohacaritānaṃ mahābyūhasuttaṃ, vitakkacaritānaṃ cūḷabyūhasuttaṃ, saddhācaritānaṃ tuvaṭṭakapaṭipadaṃ, buddhicaritānaṃ purābhedasuttaṃ kathessāmīti desanaṃ vavatthapetvā puna taṃ parisaṃ manasākāsi attajjhāsayena nu kho jāneyya, parajjhāsayena atthuppattikena pucchāvasenāti. Tato pucchāvasena jāneyyāti atvā atthi nu kho koci devatānaṃ ajjhāsayaṃ gahetvā caritavasena pahaṃ pucchituṃ samatthoti tesu pacasatesu bhikkhūsu ekopi na sakkotīti addasa. Tato asītimahāsāvake dve aggasāvake ca samannāharitvā tepi na sakkontīti disvā cintesi sace paccekabuddho bhaveyya, sakkuṇeyya nu khoti sopi na sakkuṇeyyāti atvā sakkasuyāmādīsu koci sakkuṇeyyāti samannāhari. Sace hi tesu koci sakkuṇeyya, taṃ pucchāpetvā attanā vissajjeyya, na pana tesupi koci sakkoti.

Athassa etadahosi mādiso buddhoyeva sakkuṇeyya, atthi pana katthaci ao buddhoti anantāsu lokadhātūsu anantaāṇaṃ pattharitvā olokento aaṃ buddhaṃ na addasa. Anacchariyacetaṃ, yaṃ idāni attanā samaṃ na passeyya, so jātadivasepi brahmajālavaṇṇanāyaṃ vuttanayena attanā samaṃ apassanto aggohamasmi lokassāti appaṭivattiyaṃ sīhanādaṃ nadi. Evaṃ aaṃ attanā samaṃ apassitvā cintesi sace ahaṃ pucchitvā ahameva vissajjeyyaṃ, evampetā devatā na sakkhissanti paṭivijjhituṃ. Aasmiṃ pana buddheyeva pucchante mayi ca vissajjante accherakaṃ bhavissati, sakkhissanti ca devatā paṭivijjhituṃ, tasmā nimmitabuddhaṃ māpessāmīti abhiāpādakajjhānaṃ samāpajjitvā vuṭṭhāya pattacīvaragahaṇaṃ ālokitavilokitaṃ samijitapasāritaca mama sadisaṃyeva hotūti kāmāvacaracittehi parikammaṃ katvā pācīnayugandharaparikkhepato ullaṅghamānaṃ candamaṇḍalaṃ bhinditvā nikkhamantaṃ viya rūpāvacaracittena adhiṭṭhāsi.

Devasaṅgho taṃ disvā aopi nu kho, bho, cando uggatoti āha. Atha candaṃ ohāya āsannatare jāte na cando, sūriyo uggatoti, puna āsannatare jāte na sūriyo, devavimānaṃ ekanti, puna āsannatare jāte na devavimānaṃ, devaputto ekoti, puna āsannatare jāte na devaputto, mahābrahmā ekoti, puna āsannatare jāte na mahābrahmā, aparopi bho buddho āgatoti āha. Tattha puthujjanadevatā cintayiṃsu ekabuddhassa tāva ayaṃ devatāsannipāto, dvinnaṃ kīva mahanto bhavissatīti. Ariyadevatā cintayiṃsu ekissā lokadhātuyā dve buddhā nāma natthi, addhā bhagavatā attanā sadiso ao eko buddho nimmitoti.

Atha tassa devasaṅghassa passantasseva nimmitabuddho āgantvā dasabalaṃ avanditvāva sammukhaṭṭhāne samasamaṃ katvā māpite āsane nisīdi. Bhagavatopi dvattiṃsa mahāpurisalakkhaṇāni, nimmitassāpi dvattiṃsāva, bhagavatopi sarīrā chabbaṇṇarasmiyo nikkhamanti , nimmitassāpi, bhagavato sarīrarasmiyo nimmitassa sarīre paṭihaanti, nimmitassa sarīrarasmiyo bhagavato kāye paṭihaanti. Tā dvinnampi buddhānaṃ sarīrato uggamma akaniṭṭhabhavanaṃ āhacca tato paṭinivattitvā devatānaṃ matthakapariyante otaritvā cakkavāḷamukhavaṭṭiyaṃ patiṭṭhahiṃsu. Sakalacakkavāḷagabbhaṃ suvaṇṇamayavaṅkagopānasīvinaddhamiva cetiyagharaṃ virocittha. Dasasahassacakkavāḷadevatā ekacakkavāḷe rāsibhūtā dvinnaṃ buddhānaṃ rasmigabbhantaraṃ pavisitvā aṭṭhaṃsu. Nimmitabuddho nisīdantoyeva dasabalassa bodhipallaṅke kilesappahānaṃ abhitthavanto

Pucchāmi muniṃ pahūtapaaṃ,

Tiṇṇaṃ pāraṅgataṃ parinibbutaṃ ṭhitattaṃ;

Nikkhamma gharā panujja kāme,

Kathaṃ bhikkhu sammā so loke paribbajeyyāti. (su. ni. 361)

Gāthaṃ abhāsi. Satthā devatānaṃ tāva cittakallatājananatthaṃ āgatāgatānaṃ nāmagottāni kathessāmīti cintetvā ācikkhissāmi, bhikkhavetiādimāha.

 

333. Rồi Thế Tn ni với cc vị Tỷ-kheo:

- Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, phần lớn chư Thin mười phương thế giới tụ họp để chim ngưỡng Thế Tn v chng Tỷ-kheo. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, những vị no trong thời qu khứ đ l bậc A-la-hn, Chnh ẳng Gic, những vị ny được một Thin chng tối thắng tụ hội xung quanh, như Ta hiện nay vậy. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, những vị no trong thời vị lai sẽ l bậc A-la-hn, Chnh ẳng Gic, những vị ny cũng sẽ được một Thin chng tối thắng tụ hội xung quanh, như Ta hiện nay vậy. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Ta sẽ tuyn bố danh tnh của chư Thin. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Ta sẽ co tri danh tnh của chư Thin. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Ta sẽ thuyết giảng danh tnh của chư Thin. Hy nghe v kho tc , Ta sẽ giảng.

- Xin vng, bạch Thế Tn! - Tỷ-kheo ấy vng lời Thế Tn.

 

334. Bhagavā etadavoca

Silokamanukassāmi, yattha bhummā tadassitā;

Ye sitā girigabbharaṃ, pahitattā samāhitā.

Puthūsīhāva sallīnā, lomahaṃsābhisambhuno;

Odātamanasā suddhā, vippasannamanāvilā [vippasannāmanāvilā (pī. ka.)].

Bhiyyo pacasate atvā, vane kāpilavatthave;

Tato āmantayī satthā, sāvake sāsane rate.

Devakāyā abhikkantā, te vijānātha bhikkhavo;

Te ca ātappamakaruṃ, sutvā buddhassa sāsanaṃ.

Tesaṃ pāturahu āṇaṃ, amanussānadassanaṃ;

Appeke satamaddakkhuṃ, sahassaṃ atha sattariṃ.

Sataṃ eke sahassānaṃ, amanussānamaddasuṃ;

Appekenantamaddakkhuṃ , disā sabbā phuṭā ahuṃ.

Taca sabbaṃ abhiāya, vavatthitvāna [vavakkhitvāna (sī. syā. pī.), avekkhitvāna (ṭīkā)] cakkhumā;

Tato āmantayī satthā, sāvake sāsane rate.

Devakāyā abhikkantā, te vijānātha bhikkhavo;

Ye vohaṃ kittayissāmi, girāhi anupubbaso.

 

334. Tattha silokamanukassāmīti akkharapadaniyamitaṃ vacanasaṅghātaṃ pavattayissāmi. Yattha bhummā tadassitāti yesu yesu ṭhānesu bhummā devatā taṃ taṃ nissitā. Ye sitā girigabbharantiādīhi tesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ vaṇṇaṃ kathesi, ye bhikkhū girikucchiṃ nissitāti attho. Pahitattāti pesitacittā. Samāhitāti avikkhittā.

Puthūti bahujanā. Sīhāva sallīnāti sīhā viya nilīnā ekattaṃ upagatā. Lomahaṃsābhisambhunoti lomahaṃsaṃ abhibhavitvā ṭhitā, nibbhayāti vuttaṃ hoti. Odātamanasā suddhāti odātacittā hutvā suddhā. Vippasannāmanāvilāti vippasannaanāvilā.

Bhiyyopacasate atvāti sammāsambuddhena saddhiṃ atirekapacasate bhikkhū jānitvā. Vane kāpilavatthaveti kapilavatthusamīpamhi jāte vanasaṇḍe. Tato āmantayī satthāti tadā āmantayi. Sāvakesāsane rateti attano dhammadesanāya savanante jātattā sāvake sikkhattayasāsane ratattā sāsane rate. Idaṃ sabbaṃ silokamanukassāmīti vacanato aena vuttaṃ viya katvā vadati.

Devakāyā abhikkantā, te vijānātha bhikkhavoti te dibbacakkhunā vijānāthāti nesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dibbacakkhuāṇābhinīhāratthāya kathesi. Te ca ātappamakaruṃ, sutvā buddhassa sāsananti te ca bhikkhū taṃ buddhasāsanaṃ sutvā tāvadeva tadatthāya vīriyaṃ kariṃsu.

Evaṃ katamattātappānaṃyeva tesaṃ pāturahu āṇaṃ. Kīdisaṃ? Amanussānaṃ dassanaṃ dibbacakkhuāṇaṃ uppajji. Na taṃ tehi tasmiṃ khaṇe parikammaṃ katvā uppāditaṃ. Ariyamaggeneva hi taṃ nipphannaṃ. Amanussadassanatthaṃ panassa abhinīhāramattameva kataṃ. Satthāpi atthi tumhākaṃ āṇaṃ, taṃ nīharitvā tena hi te vijānāthāti idameva sandhāya te vijānātha, bhikkhavoti āha.

Appeke satamaddakkhunti tesu bhikkhūsu ekacce bhikkhū amanussānaṃ sataṃ addasaṃsu. Sahassaṃ atha sattarinti eke sahassaṃ. Eke sattati sahassāni.

Sataṃ eke sahassānanti eke satasahassaṃ addasaṃsu. Appekenantamaddakkhunti vipulaṃ addasaṃsu, satavasena sahassavasena ca aparicchinnepi addasaṃsūti attho. Kasmā? Yasmā disā sabbā phuṭā ahuṃ, bharitā sampuṇṇāva ahesuṃ.

Taca sabbaṃ abhiāyāti yaṃ tesu ekenekena diṭṭhaṃ, taca sabbaṃ jānitvā. Vavatthitvāna cakkhumāti hatthatale lekhaṃ viya paccakkhato vavatthapetvā pacahi cakkhūhi cakkhumā satthā. Tato āmantayīti pubbe vuttagāthameva nāmagottakittanatthāya āha. Tumhe ete vijānātha, passatha, oloketha, ye vohaṃ kittayissāmīti ayamettha sambandho. Girāhīti vacanehi. Anupubbasoti anupaṭipāṭiyā.

 

334. Thế Tn giảng như sau:

Bi kệ Ta sẽ giảng
Chư Thin tr Thin giới,
Những vị tr hang ni,
Tm tịnh, an thiền định.
Như sư tử, tuy nằm
Lm hoảng sợ quần sanh,
Tm tư thuần tịnh bạch,
Trong sng, khng cấu uế.

Biết hơn năm trăm vị,
Họp tại Ca-tỳ-la
Bậc ạo Sư thuyết giảng
Chng đệ tử thch nghe:
"Cc Tỷ-kheo, hy xem
Chư Thin chng đến gần".
Nghe lời dạy đức Phật
ại chng nhiệt tnh xem.

V hiện ra trước chng
Thấy r hng phi nhn
Kẻ thấy trăm thin thần,
Ngn thần, v hơn nữa.
Kẻ thấy bảy mươi ngn
Ton cc bậc phi nhn.
Kẻ thấy v lượng vị,
Cng khắp mọi phương hướng.
Với php nhn thấy r
V phn biệt tất cả
Bậc ạo Sư thuyết giảng,
Chng đệ tử thch nghe:
"Cc Tỷ-kheo hy xem,
Chư Thin chng đến gần".
Ta sẽ theo thứ lớp
Thuyết kệ cho người nghe.

 

335.Sattasahassā te yakkhā, bhummā kāpilavatthavā.

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Chasahassā hemavatā, yakkhā nānattavaṇṇino;

Iddhimanto jutīmanto [jutīmanto (sī. pī.)], vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Sātāgirā tisahassā, yakkhā nānattavaṇṇino;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Iccete soḷasasahassā, yakkhā nānattavaṇṇino;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Vessāmittā pacasatā, yakkhā nānattavaṇṇino;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Kumbhīro rājagahiko, vepullassa nivesanaṃ;

Bhiyyo naṃ satasahassaṃ, yakkhānaṃ payirupāsati;

Kumbhīro rājagahiko, sopāgā samitiṃ vanaṃ.

 

335.Sattasahassā te yakkhā, bhummā kāpilavatthavāti sattasahassā tāvettha kapilavatthuṃ nissāya nibbattā bhummā yakkhāyevāti vadati . Iddhimantoti dibbaiddhiyuttā. Jutimantoti ānubhāvasampannā. Vaṇṇavantoti sarīravaṇṇasampannā. Yasassinoti parivārasampannā. Modamānā abhikkāmunti tuṭṭhacittā āgatā. Bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vananti imaṃ mahāvanaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ santikaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dassanatthāya āgatā. Atha vā samitinti samūhaṃ, bhikkhusamūhaṃ dassanāya āgatātipi attho.

Chasahassā hemavatā, yakkhā nānattavaṇṇinoti chasahassā hemavatapabbate nibbattayakkhā, te ca sabbepi nīlādivaṇṇavasena nānattavaṇṇā.

Sātāgirā tisahassāti sātāgiripabbate nibbattayakkhā tisahassā.

Iccete soḷasasahassāti ete sabbepi soḷasasahassā honti.

Vessāmittā pacasatāti vessāmittapabbate nibbattā pacasatā.

Kumbhīro rājagahikoti rājagahanagare nibbatto kumbhīro nāma yakkho. Vepullassa nivesananti tassa vepullapabbato nivesanaṃ nivāsanaṭṭhānanti attho. Bhiyyo naṃ satasahassaṃ, yakkhānaṃ payirupāsatīti taṃ atirekaṃ yakkhānaṃ satasahassaṃ payirupāsati. Kumbhīro rājagahiko, sopāgā samitiṃ vananti sopi kumbhīro saparivāro imaṃ vanaṃ bhikkhusamitiṃ dassanatthāya āgato.

 

335.

Bảy ngn loại Dạ-xoa
Tr tại Ca-tỳ-la,
C thần lực ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.
Su ngn từ Tuyết Sơn
Dạ-xoa đủ sắc mặt
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo

Ba ngn từ St,
Dạ-xoa đủ sắc mặt,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Như vậy mười su ngn
Dạ-xoa đủ sắc mặt,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Năm trăm từ Vess
Dạ-xoa đủ sắc mặt,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.
Kumbhira, Vương X,
Tr tại Vepulla,
Hơn trăm ngn Dạ-xoa,
Hầu hạ vy xung quanh.
Kumbhira, Vương X
Cũng đến họp rừng ny.

 

336.Purimaca disaṃ rājā, dhataraṭṭho pasāsati.

Gandhabbānaṃ adhipati, mahārājā yasassiso.

Puttāpi tassa bahavo, indanāmā mahabbalā;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Dakkhiṇaca disaṃ rājā, virūḷho taṃ pasāsati [tappasāsati (syā.)];

Kumbhaṇḍānaṃ adhipati, mahārājā yasassiso.

Puttāpi tassa bahavo, indanāmā mahabbalā;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Pacchimaca disaṃ rājā, virūpakkho pasāsati;

Nāgānaca adhipati, mahārājā yasassiso.

Puttāpi tassa bahavo, indanāmā mahabbalā;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Uttaraca disaṃ rājā, kuvero taṃ pasāsati;

Yakkhānaca adhipati, mahārājā yasassiso.

Puttāpi tassa bahavo, indanāmā mahabbalā;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Purimaṃ disaṃ dhataraṭṭho, dakkhiṇena virūḷhako;

Pacchimena virūpakkho, kuvero uttaraṃ disaṃ.

Cattāro te mahārājā, samantā caturo disā;

Daddallamānā [daddaḷhamānā (ka.)] aṭṭhaṃsu, vane kāpilavatthave.

 

336.Purimaca disaṃ rājā, dhataraṭṭho pasāsatīti pācīnadisaṃ anusāsati. Gandhabbānaṃ adhipatīti catūsupi disāsu gandhabbānaṃ jeṭṭhako. Sabbe te tassa vase vattanti. Mahārājā yasassisoti mahāparivāro eso mahārājā.

Puttāpitassa bahavo, indanāmā mahabbalāti tassa dhataraṭṭhassa bahavo mahabbalā puttā, te sabbe sakkassa devarao nāmadhārakā.

Virūḷho taṃ pasāsatīti taṃ disaṃ virūḷho anusāsati.

Puttāpi tassāti tassāpi tādisāyeva puttā. Pāḷiyaṃ pana mahabbalāti likhanti. Aṭṭhakathāyaṃ sabbavāresu mahābalāti pāṭho.

Purimaṃ disaṃ dhataraṭṭho, dakkhiṇena virūḷhako;

Pacchimena virūpakkho, kuvero uttaraṃ disaṃ.

Cattāro te mahārājā, samantā caturo disā;

Daddallamānā aṭṭhaṃsu, vane kāpilavatthaveti.

Imā pana gāthā sabbasaṅgāhikavasena vuttā.

Ayacettha attho dasasahassacakkavāḷe dhataraṭṭhā nāma mahārājāno atthi. Te sabbepi koṭisatasahassakoṭisatasahassagandhabbaparivārā āgantvā puratthimāya disāya kapilavatthumahāvanato paṭṭhāya cakkavāḷagabbhaṃ pūretvā ṭhitā. Evaṃ dakkhiṇadisādīsu virūḷhakādayo. Tenevāha samantā caturo disā, daddallamānā aṭṭhaṃsūti. Idahi vuttaṃ hoti samantā cakkavāḷehi āgantvā caturo disā pabbatamatthakesu aggikkhandhā viya suṭṭhu jalamānā ṭhitāti. Te pana yasmā kapilavatthuvanameva sandhāya āgatā, tasmā cakkavāḷaṃ pūretvā cakkavāḷena samasamā ṭhitāpi vane kāpilavatthaveti vuttā.

 

 

336.

Vua Dhatarattha (Tr Quốc Thin vương)
Trị v tại phương ng,
Cha tể Cn-tht-b
Bậc đại vương danh tiếng.
Vị ny c nhiều con,
ại lực, tn Indra
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Quốc vương Virlha (Tăng Trưởng Thin vương).
Trị v tại phương Nam,
Cha tể Cưu-bn-tr (Kumbhanda)
Bậc đại vương danh tiếng,
Vị ny c nhiều con,
ại lực, tn Indra
C thần lực, ho quang.
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Vua Virpakkha, (Quảng Mục Thin vương)
Trị v tại phương Ty,
Cha tể loi Ng
Bậc đại vương danh tiếng.
Vị ny c nhiều con
ại lực, tn Indra,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Quốc vương Kuvera, (a Văn Thin vương)
Trị v tại phương Bắc,
Cha tể, loi Dạ-xoa,
Bậc đại vương, danh tiếng.
Vị ny c nhiều con,
ại lực, tn Indra,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Tr Quốc vương, phương ng
Tăng Trưởng vương, phương Nam
Quảng Mục vương, phương Ty,
a Văn vương, phương Bắc,
Bốn bậc đại vương ny,
Khắp cả bốn phương trời,
Cng đứng, chi ho quang,
Khắp rừng Ca-tỳ-la.

 

337.Tesaṃ māyāvino dāsā, āguṃ [āgū (syā.), āgu (sī. pī.) evamuparipi] vacanikā saṭhā.

Māyā kuṭeṇḍu viṭeṇḍu [veṭeṇḍu (sī. syā. pī.)], viṭucca [viṭū ca (syā.)] viṭuṭo saha.

Candano kāmaseṭṭho ca, kinnighaṇḍu [kinnughaṇḍu (sī. syā. pī.)] nighaṇḍu ca;

Panādo opamao ca, devasūto ca mātali.

Cittaseno ca gandhabbo, naḷorājā janesabho [janosabho (syā.)];

Āgā pacasikho ceva, timbarū sūriyavaccasā [suriyavaccasā (sī. pī.)].

Ete cae ca rājāno, gandhabbā saha rājubhi;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

 

337.Tesaṃ māyāvino dāsā, āguṃ vacanikā saṭhāti tesaṃ mahārājānaṃ katapāpapaṭicchādanalakkhaṇāya māyāya yuttā kuṭilācārā dāsā atthi, ye sammukhaparammukhavacanāhi lokaṃ vacanato vacanikāti ca, kerāṭiyasāṭheyyena samannāgatattā saṭhāti ca vuccanti, tepi āgatāti attho. Māyā kuṭeṇḍu viṭeṇḍu, viṭucca viṭuṭo sahāti te dāsā sabbepi māyākārakāva. Nāmena panettha eko kuṭeṇḍu nāma, eko viṭeṇḍu nāma. Pāḷiyaṃ pana veṭeṇḍūti likhanti. Eko viṭucca nāma, eko viṭuṭo nāma. Sahāti sopi viṭuṭo tehi saheva āgato.

Candanokāmaseṭṭho ca, kinnighaṇḍu nighaṇḍu cāti aparo kinnighaṇḍu nāma. Pāḷiyaṃ pana kinnughaṇḍūti likhanti. Nighaṇḍu cāti ao nighaṇḍu nāma, ettakā dāsā. Ito pare pana

Panādo opamao ca, devasuto ca mātali;

Cittaseno ca gandhabbo, naḷo rājā janesabho;

Āguṃ pacasikho ceva, timbarū sūriyavacchasāti.

Ime devarājāno. Tattha devasutoti devasārathi. Cittasenoti citto ca seno ca cittaseno ca. Gandhabboti ayaṃ cittaseno gandhabbakāyiko devaputto, na kevalaṃ cesa, sabbe pete panādādayo gandhabbā eva. Naḷorājāti naḷakāradevaputto nāmeko. Janesabhoti janavasabho devaputto. Āguṃ pacasikho cevāti pacasikho ceva devaputto āgato. Timbarūti timbarū nāma gandhabbadevarājā. Sūriyavacchasāti tasseva dhītā.

Ete cae ca rājāno, gandhabbā saha rājubhīti ete ca nāmavasena vuttagandhabbarājāno ae ca etehi rājūhi saddhiṃ bahū gandhabbā. Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vananti haṭṭhatuṭṭhacittā bhikkhusaṅghasamitiṃ imaṃ vanaṃ āgatāti attho.

 

337.

Cũng đến cc bộ hạ,
Giả dối v xảo quyệt,
My, Kutendu, Vetandu, Vitu,
Vituca, Candana, Kmasettha,
Kinnughandu,
Nighandu chn vị đến.
Panda, Opamanna, Mtdi,
(người đnh xe chư Thin).
Cn-tht-b Cittasena;
Vua Nala, Janesabha
Pancasikha, Timbar,
Suriyavaccas cũng đến.
Như vậy cả vua cha,
Cng với Cn-tht-b,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo!

 

338.Athāguṃ nāgasā nāgā, vesālā sahatacchakā.

Kambalassatarā āguṃ, pāyāgā saha ātibhi.

Yāmunā dhataraṭṭhā ca, āgū nāgā yasassino;

Erāvaṇo mahānāgo, sopāgā samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Ye nāgarāje sahasā haranti, dibbā dijā pakkhi visuddhacakkhū;

Vehāyasā [vehāsayā (sī. pī.)] te vanamajjhapattā, citrā supaṇṇā iti tesa nāmaṃ.

Abhayaṃ tadā nāgarājānamāsi, supaṇṇato khemamakāsi buddho;

Saṇhāhi vācāhi upavhayantā, nāgā supaṇṇā saraṇamakaṃsu buddhaṃ.

 

338.Athāguṃ nāgasā nāgā, vesālā sahatacchakāti nāgasadahavāsikā ca vesālīvāsikā ca nāgā saha tacchakanāgaparisāya āgatāti attho. Kambalassatarāti kambalo ca assataro ca. Ete kira sinerupāde vasanti, supaṇṇehipi anuddharaṇīyā mahesakkhanāgā pāyāgā saha ātibhīti payāgatitthavāsino ca saha ātisaṅghena āgatā.

Yāmunā dhataraṭṭhā cāti yamunavāsino ca dhataraṭṭhakule uppannā nāgā ca. Erāvaṇo mahānāgoti erāvaṇo ca devaputto, jātiyā nāgo na hoti. Nāgavohārena panesa vohariyati. Sopāgāti sopi āgato.

Yenāgarāje sahasā harantīti ye ime vuttappakāre nāge lobhābhibhūtā sāhasaṃ katvā haranti gaṇhanti. Dibbā dijā pakkhī visuddhacakkhūti dibbānubhāvato dibbā mātukucchito ca aṇḍakosato cāti dve vāre jātāti dijā pakkhayuttatāya pakkhī yojanasatantarepi yojanasahassantarepi nāge dassanasamatthacakkhutāya visuddhacakkhū. Vehāyasāte vanamajjhappattāti te ākāseneva imaṃ mahāvanaṃ sampattā. Citrā supaṇṇā iti tesa nāmanti tesaṃ citrasupaṇṇāti nāmaṃ.

Abhayaṃtadā nāgarājānamāsi, supaṇṇato khemamakāsi buddhoti tasmā sabbepi te aamaaṃ saṇhāhi vācāhi upavhayantā mittā viya bandhavā viya ca samullapantā sammodamānā āliṅgantā hatthe gaṇhantā aṃsakūṭe hatthaṃ ṭhapentā haṭṭhatuṭṭhacittā. Nāgā supaṇṇā saraṇamakaṃsu buddhanti buddhaṃyeva saraṇaṃ gatā.

 

338.

Từ Ngasa, Vesla, Tacchak,
Cc Ng cũng đến.
Kambala, Assatara, Pyg,
Cũng đến với quyến thuộc.
Cc Ng c danh tiếng,
Dhatarattha v Ymun cũng đến.
Eravana, Long vương,
Cũng đến tại ngi rừng.
Những thin điểu nhị sanh,
Với cặp mắt thanh tịnh,
Mnh liệt chống Long vương,
Nay bay đến ngi rừng.
Tn chng l Citr,
V tn Supann.
Long vương khng sợ hi,
Nhờ ơn Phật an ton
Với những lời nhẹ nhng,
Chng tự khuyn bảo nhau,
Ng, Supann (Kim S điểu)
ều đến quy y Phật.

 

339.Jitā vajirahatthena, samuddaṃ asurāsitā.

Bhātaro vāsavassete, iddhimanto yasassino.

Kālakacā mahābhismā [kālakajā mahābhiṃsā (sī. pī.)], asurā dānaveghasā;

Vepacitti sucitti ca, pahārādo namucī saha.

Sataca baliputtānaṃ, sabbe verocanāmakā;

Sannayhitvā balisenaṃ [balīsenaṃ (syā.)], rāhubhaddamupāgamuṃ;

Samayodāni bhaddante, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

 

339.Jitā vajirahatthenāti indena devaraā jitā. Samuddaṃ asurāsitāti mahāsamuddavāsino sujātāya asurakaāya kāraṇā sabbepi bhātaro vāsavassete, iddhimanto yasassino.

Tesu kālakacā mahābhismāti kālakacā ca mahante bhiṃsane attabhāve māpetvā āgamiṃsu. Asurā dānaveghasāti dānaveghasā nāma ae dhanuggahaasurā. Vepacitti sucitti ca, pahārādo namucī sahāti vepacittiasuro, sucittiasuro cāti ete ca asurā namuci ca māro devaputto etehi saheva āgato. Ime asurā mahāsamuddavāsino, ayaṃ paranimmitadevalokavāsī, kasmā etehi sahāgatoti? Acchandikattā. Tepi hi acchandikā abhabbā, ayampi tādisoyeva. Tasmā dhātuso saṃsandamāno āgato.

Sataca baliputtānanti balino mahāasurassa puttānaṃ sataṃ. Sabbe verocanāmakāti sabbe attano mātulassa rāhusseva nāmadharā. Sannayhitvā balisenanti attano balisenaṃ sannayhitvā sabbe katasannāhāva hutvā. Rāhubhaddamupāgamunti rāhuasurindaṃ upasaṅkamiṃsu. Samayodāni bhaddanteti bhaddaṃ tava hotu, samayo te bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ upasaṅkamitvā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ dassanāyāti attho.

 

 

339.

Asura ở biển,
Bị st Kim Cang thủ,
Anh của Vsava,
C thần lực danh xưng.
Klakanj, dị hnh, (Tu-la)
Dnaveghas, Vepacitti
Cng với Sucitti,
Với Pahrda, c quỷ Namuc.
Cng con của Bali,
ặt tn Veroca.
Huy động ton qun lực,
Dng cho vị thủ lnh.
Rhu ni: "Mong thay
Php hội được an ton.
Ph hội chng Tỷ-kheo
ều đến tại rừng ny".

 

340.Āpo ca devā pathavī, tejo vāyo tadāgamuṃ.

Varuṇā vāraṇā [vāruṇā (syā.)] devā, somo ca yasasā saha.

Mettā karuṇā kāyikā, āguṃ devā yasassino;

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino.

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Veṇḍudevā sahali ca [veṇhūca devā sahalīca (sī. pī.)], asamā ca duve yamā;

Candassūpanisā devā, candamāguṃ purakkhatvā.

Sūriyassūpanisā [suriyassūpanisā (sī. syā. pī.)] devā, sūriyamāguṃ purakkhatvā;

Nakkhattāni purakkhatvā, āguṃ mandavalāhakā.

Vasūnaṃ vāsavo seṭṭho, sakkopāgā purindado;

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino.

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Athāguṃ sahabhū devā, jalamaggisikhāriva;

Ariṭṭhakā ca rojā ca, umāpupphanibhāsino.

Varuṇā sahadhammā ca, accutā ca anejakā;

Sūleyyarucirā āguṃ, āguṃ vāsavanesino;

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino.

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Samānā mahāsamanā, mānusā mānusuttamā;

Khiḍḍāpadosikā āguṃ, āguṃ manopadosikā.

Athāguṃ harayo devā, ye ca lohitavāsino;

Pāragā mahāpāragā, āguṃ devā yasassino;

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino.

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Sukkā karambhā [karumhā (sī. syā. pī.)] aruṇā, āguṃ veghanasā saha;

Odātagayhā pāmokkhā, āguṃ devā vicakkhaṇā.

Sadāmattā hāragajā, missakā ca yasassino;

Thanayaṃ āga pajjunno, yo disā abhivassati.

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Khemiyā tusitā yāmā, kaṭṭhakā ca yasassino;

Lambītakā lāmaseṭṭhā, jotināmā ca āsavā;

Nimmānaratino āguṃ, athāguṃ paranimmitā.

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino;

Iddhimanto jutimanto, vaṇṇavanto yasassino;

Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ, bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Saṭṭhete devanikāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇino;

Nāmanvayena āgacchuṃ [āgachuṃ (sī. syā. pī.)], ye cae sadisā saha.

Pavuṭṭhajātimakhilaṃ [pavutthajātiṃ akhilaṃ (sī. pī.)], oghatiṇṇamanāsavaṃ;

Dakkhemoghataraṃ nāgaṃ, candaṃva asitātigaṃ.

 

340.Āpo ca devā pathavī, tejo vāyo tadāgamunti āpokasiṇādīsu parikammaṃ katvā nibbattā āpotiādināmakā devā āgamuṃ. Varuṇā vāraṇā devā, somo ca yasasā sahāti varuṇadevatā , vāraṇadevatā, somadevatāti evaṃ nāmakā ca devā yasasā nāma devena sahāgatāti attho. Mettākaruṇākāyikāti mettājhāne ca karuṇājhāne ca parikammaṃ katvā nibbattadevā. Āguṃ devā yasassinoti etepi mahāyasā devā āgatā.

Dasete dasadhā kāyā, sabbe nānattavaṇṇinoti te dasadhā ṭhitā dasa devakāyā sabbe nīlādivasena nānattavaṇṇā āgatāti attho.

Veṇḍūca devāti veṇḍudevatā ca. Sahali cāti sahalidevatā ca. Asamā ca duve yamāti asamadevatā ca dve ca yamakā devā. Candassupanisā devā, candamāguṃ purakkhatvāti candanissitakā devā candaṃ purato katvā āgatā. Tathā sūriyanissitakā devā sūriyaṃ purakkhatvā. Nakkhattāni purakkhatvāti nakkhattanissitāpi devā nakkhattāni purato katvā āgatā. Āguṃ mandavalāhakāti vātavalāhakā, abbhavalāhakā, uṇhavalāhakā ete sabbepi valāhakāyikā mandavalāhakā nāma vuccanti. Tepi āgatāti attho. Vasūnaṃ vāsavo seṭṭho, sakkopāgā purindadoti vasūnaṃ devatānaṃ seṭṭho vāsavo yo sakkoti ca, purindadoti ca vuccati, sopi āgato.

Dasete dasadhā kāyāti etepi dasa devakāyā dasadhāva āgatā. Sabbe nānattavaṇṇinoti nīlādivasena nānattavaṇṇā.

Athāguṃ sahabhū devāti atha sahabhū nāma devā āgatā. Jalamaggisikhārivāti aggisikhā viya jalantā. Jalamaggi ca sikhārivāti imāni tesaṃ nāmānītipi vuttaṃ. Ariṭṭhakā ca rojā cāti ariṭṭhakadevā ca rojadevā ca. Umāpupphanibhāsinoti umāpupphadevā nāma ete devā . Umāpupphasadisā hi tesaṃ sarīrābhā, tasmā umāpupphanibhāsinoti vuccanti.

Varuṇā sahadhammā cāti ete ca dve janā. Accutā ca anejakāti accutadevatā ca anejakadevatā ca. Suleyyarucirāāgunti suleyyā ca rucirā ca āgatā. Āguṃ vāsavanesinoti vāsavanesīdevā nāma āgatā. Dasete dasadhā kāyāti etepi dasadevakāyā dasadhāva āgatā.

Samānā mahāsamānāti samānā ca mahāsamānā ca. Mānusā mānusuttamāti mānusā ca mānusuttamā ca. Khiḍḍāpadosikā āguṃ, āguṃ manopadosikāti khiḍḍāpadosikā manopadosikā ca devā āgatā.

Athāguṃ harayo devāti haridevā nāma āgatā. Ye ca lohitavāsinoti lohitavāsino ca āgatā. Pāragā mahāpāragāti ete ca duvidhā āgatā. Dasete dasadhā kāyāti etepi dasadevakāyā dasadhāva āgatā.

Sukkākarambhā aruṇā, āguṃ veghanasā sahāti ete sukkādayo tayo, tehi saha veghanasā ca āgatā. Odātagayhā pāmokkhāti odātagayhā nāma pāmokkhadevā āgatā. Āguṃ devā vicakkhaṇāti vicakkhaṇā nāma devā āgatā.

Sadāmattā hāragajāti sadāmattā ca hāragajā ca. Missakā ca yasassinoti yasasampannā missakadevā ca. Thanayaṃ āga pajjunnoti pajjunno ca devarājā thanayanto āgato. Yo disā abhivassatīti yo yaṃ yaṃ disaṃ yāti, tattha tattha devo vassati. Dasete dasadhā kāyāti etepi dasadevakāyā dasadhā āgatā.

Khemiyā tusitā yāmāti khemiyā devā tusitapuravāsino ca yāmādevalokavāsino ca. Kathakā ca yasassinoti yasasampannā kathakadevā ca. Pāḷiyaṃ pana kaṭṭhakā cāti likhanti. Lambītakā lāmaseṭṭhāti lambitakadevā ca lāmaseṭṭhadevā ca. Jotināmā ca āsavāti pabbatamatthake katanaḷaggikkhandho viya jotamānā jotidevā nāma atthi, te ca āsā ca devā āgatāti attho. Pāḷiyaṃ pana jātināmāti likhanti. Āsā devatā chandavasena āsavāti vuttā. Nimmānaratino āguṃ, athāguṃ paranimmitā. Dasete dasadhā kāyāti etepi dasa devakāyā dasadhāva āgatā.

Saṭṭhetedevanikāyāti ete ca āpo ca devātiādikā cha dasakā saṭṭhi devanikāyā sabbe nīlādivasena nānattavaṇṇino. Nāmanvayena āgacchunti nāmabhāgena nāmakoṭṭhāsena āgatā. Ye cae sadisā sahāti ye ca aepi tehi sadisā vaṇṇatopi nāmatopi etādisāyeva sesacakkavāḷesu devā, tepi āgatāyevāti ekapadeneva kalāpaṃ viya puṭakaṃ viya ca katvā sabbā devatā niddisati.

Evaṃ dasasu lokadhātusahassesu devakāye niddisitvā idāni yadatthaṃ te āgatā, taṃ dassento pavuṭṭhajātinti gāthamāha. Tassattho pavuṭṭhā vigatā jāti assāti ariyasaṅgho pavuṭṭhajāti nāma, taṃ pavuṭṭhajātiṃ rāgadosamohakhīlānaṃ abhāvā akhīlaṃ cattāro oghe taritvā ṭhitattā oghatiṇṇaṃ catunnaṃ āsavānaṃ abhāvena anāsavaṃ ariyasaṅghaṃ dakkhema passissāma. Tesaeva oghānaṃ tiṇṇattā oghataraṃ āguṃ akaraṇato nāgaṃ. Asitātiganti kāḷakabhāvātītaṃ candaṃva siriyā virocamānaṃ dasabalaca dakkhema passissāmāti etadatthaṃ sabbepi te nāmanvayena āgacchuṃ, ye cae sadisā sahāti.

 

340.

Thần nước, đất, lửa, gi,
Cũng đến Varun,
Với thủy tộc, Soma,
Cả Yasa cũng đến.
Chư Thin Từ Bi sanh
C danh xưng cũng đến
Mười vị thin tộc ny
Dung mạo thật dị biệt,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Venh, Sahali,
Asam, Yam,
Chư Thin thuộc Nguyệt tộc,
Vị thủ lnh cũng đến.
Chư Thin thuộc Nhật tộc
Vn thần tn Manda,
Quần tinh vị thủ lnh
Vsava, Vas
Thần Sakka cũng đến.
Mười vị Thin tộc ny,
Dung mạo thật dị biệt,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng.
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Sahavh cũng đến,
Với đầu lửa đỏ rực,
Aritthak, Roj,
Như bng hoa Umm
Varun, Sahadhamm,
Accut, Anejak
Sleyya-rucir,
Vsavanesi cũng đến.
Mười vị Thin tộc ny,
Dung mạo thật dị biệt
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Samn, Mahsamn,
Mnus, Mnusuttam,
Khidd-padsik, Mano-padsik
Harayo, Lohita-vsino,
Prag, Mah-Prag
C danh xưng cũng đến.
Mười vị Thin tộc ny,
Dung mạo thật dị biệt
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng,
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Sukk, Karumh,
Arun, Veghanas
Odta-gayh,
Vicakkhan cũng đến,
Sadmatt, Hragaja,
Missak c danh xưng cũng đến.
Pajjunna thần st,
Lm mưa khắp mọi phương.
Mười vị Thin tộc ny,
Dung mạo thật dị biệt,
C thần lực ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Khemiy, Tusit, Yam,
Danh xưng Katthak, Lambitak,
Thủ lnh cc Lm,
Jotinm, Asava,
Tha Ha Tự Tại thin,
Ha Lạc thin cũng đến.
Mười vị thin tộc ny,
Dung mạo thật dị biệt,
C thần lực, ho quang,
C sắc tướng, danh xưng
Hoan hỷ đến rừng ny,
Chim ngưỡng chng Tỷ-kheo.

Su mươi Thin chng ny,
Với diện mạo dị biệt,
Theo danh tộc chng đến,
Cũng nhiều vị khc nữa.
Ni rằng: "Sanh đ tận,
Then ci khng cn nữa.
Bộc lưu đ vượt qua,
thnh bậc V Lậu.
Chng con thấy vị ấy,
Như voi vượt bộc lưu,
Như trăng thot my tối".

 

 

341.Subrahmā paramatto ca [paramattho ca (ka.)], puttā iddhimato saha.

Sanaṅkumāro tisso ca, sopāga samitiṃ vanaṃ.

Sahassaṃ brahmalokānaṃ, mahābrahmābhitiṭṭhati;

Upapanno jutimanto, bhismākāyo yasassiso.

Dasettha issarā āguṃ, paccekavasavattino;

Tesaca majjhato āga, hārito parivārito.

 

341. Idāni brahmāno dassento subrahmā paramatto cātiādimāha. Tattha subrahmāti eko brahmā. Paramattopi brahmāva. Puttā iddhimato sahāti ete iddhimato buddhassa bhagavato puttā ariyabrahmāno saheva āgatā. Sanaṅkumāro tisso cāti sanaṅkumāro ca tissamahābrahmā ca. Sopāgāti sopi āgato.

Sahassaṃ brahmalokānaṃ, mahābrahmābhitiṭṭhati;

Upapanno jutimanto, bhismākāyo yasassi soti.

Ettha sahassaṃ brahmalokānanti ekaṅguliyā ekasahassacakkavāḷe dasahi aṅgulīhi dasasahassicakkavāḷe ālokapharaṇasamatthānaṃ mahābrahmānaṃ sahassaṃ āgataṃ. Mahābrahmābhitiṭṭhatīti yattha ekeko mahābrahmā ae brahme abhibhavitvā tiṭṭhati. Upapannoti brahmaloke nibbatto. Jutimantoti ānubhāvasampanno. Bhismākāyoti mahākāyo, dvīhi tīhi māgadhikehi gāmakkhettehi samappamāṇaattabhāvo. Yasassisoti attabhāvasirīsaṅkhātena yasena samannāgato.

Dasettha issarā āguṃ, paccekavasavattinoti etasmica brahmasahasse ye pāṭiyekkaṃ pāṭiyekkaṃ vasaṃ vattenti, evarūpā dasa issarā mahābrahmāno āgatā. Tesaca majjhato āga, hārito parivāritoti tesaṃ brahmānaṃ majjhe hārito nāma mahābrahmā satasahassabrahmaparivāro āgato.

 

341.

Subrahm, Paramatta,
Con cc vị thần lực,
Sanamkumra Tissa,
ến hội tại ngi rừng.
ại Phạm thin, cha tể,
Ngự trị ngn Phạm giới,
Thc sanh c ho quang,
Dị hnh c danh xưng,
Mười đấng Tự Tại đến,
Ngự trị mỗi mỗi ci,
Giữa vị ny Hrita,
Cũng đến với đồ chng.

 

 

342.Te ca sabbe abhikkante, sainde [sinde (syā.)] deve sabrahmake.

Mārasenā abhikkāmi, passa kaṇhassa mandiyaṃ.

Etha gaṇhatha bandhatha, rāgena baddhamatthu vo;

Samantā parivāretha, mā vo mucittha koci naṃ.

Iti tattha mahāseno, kaṇho senaṃ apesayi;

Pāṇinā talamāhacca, saraṃ katvāna bheravaṃ.

Yathā pāvussako megho, thanayanto savijjuko; +

Tadā so paccudāvatti, saṅkuddho asayaṃvase [asayaṃvasī (sī. pī.)].

 

 

342.Te ca sabbe abhikkante, sainde deve sabrahmaketi te sabbepi sakkaṃ devarājānaṃ jeṭṭhakaṃ katvā āgate devakāye, hāritamahābrahmānaṃ jeṭṭhakaṃ katvā āgate brahmakāye ca. Mārasenā abhikkāmīti mārasenā abhigatā. Passa kaṇhassa mandiyanti kāḷakassa mārasa bālabhāvaṃ passatha.

Etha gaṇhatha bandhathāti evaṃ attano parisaṃ āṇāpesi. Rāgena baddhamatthu voti sabbaṃ vo idaṃ devamaṇḍalaṃ rāgena baddhaṃ hotu. Samantā parivāretha, mā vo mucittha koci nanti tumhākaṃ ekopi etesu ekampi mā muci. Mā vo mucethātipi pāṭho, esevattho.

Iti tattha mahāseno, kaṇho senaṃ apesayīti evaṃ tattha mahāsamaye mahāseno māro mārasenaṃ apesayi. Pāṇinā talamāhaccāti hatthena pathavītalaṃ paharitvā. Saraṃ katvāna bheravanti māravibhiṃsakadassanatthaṃ bhayānakaṃ saraca katvā.

Yathā pāvussako megho, thanayanto savijjukoti savijjuko pāvussakamegho viya mahāgajjitaṃ gajjanto. Tadā so paccudāvattīti tasmiṃ samaye so māro taṃ vibhiṃsanakaṃ dassetvā paṭinivatto . Saṅkuddho asayaṃ vaseti suṭṭhu kuddho kupito kaci vase vattetuṃ asakkonto asayaṃvase asayaṃvasī attano vasena akāmako hutvā nivatto. Bhagavā kira ayaṃ māro imaṃ mahāsamāgamaṃ disvā abhisamayantarāyaṃ karissāmīti antarantare mārasenaṃ pesetvā māraṃ vibhiṃsakaṃ dassetīti aāsi. Pakati cesā bhagavato, yattha abhisamayo na bhavissati, tattha māraṃ vibhiṃsakaṃ dassentaṃ na nivāreti. Yattha pana abhisamayo hoti, tattha yathā parisā neva mārassa rūpaṃ passati, na saddaṃ suṇāti, evaṃ adhiṭṭhātīti. Imasmica samāgame mahābhisamayo bhavissati, tasmā yathā devatā neva tassa rūpaṃ passanti, na saddaṃ suṇanti, evaṃ adhiṭṭhāsi. Tena vuttaṃ tadā so paccudāvatti, saṅkuddho asayaṃvaseti.

 

342.

Tất cả đều cng đến,
Với Indra, Phạm thin,
Ma qun cũng tiến đến,
Xem Hắc quỷ ngu si.
"Hy đến v bắt tri,
Những ai bị tham triền,
Hy bao vy bốn pha,
Chớ để ai thot ly!"
Như vậy ại Tướng qun,
Truyền lệnh đon Hắc quỷ,
Với bn tay vỗ đất,
Tiếng dội vang khiếp đảm.
Như trong cơn ging tố,
Sấm chớp v mưa ro,
N liền thối qun lui,
Phẫn nộ nhưng bất lực.

 

343. Taca sabbaṃ abhiāya, vavatthitvāna cakkhumā.

Tato āmantayī satthā, sāvake sāsane rate.

Mārasenā abhikkantā, te vijānātha bhikkhavo;

Te ca ātappamakaruṃ, sutvā buddhassa sāsanaṃ;

Vītarāgehi pakkāmuṃ, nesaṃ lomāpi ijayuṃ.

Sabbe vijitasaṅgāmā, bhayātītā yasassino;

Modanti saha bhūtehi, sāvakā te janesutāti.

Mahāsamayasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ sattamaṃ.

343.Taca sabbaṃ abhiāya, vavatthitvāna cakkhumāti taṃ sabbaṃ bhagavā jānitvā vavatthapetvā ca.

Mārasenā abhikkantā, te vijānātha bhikkhavoti bhikkhave mārasenā abhikkantā, te tumhe attano anurūpaṃ vijānātha, phalasamāpattiṃ samāpajjathāti vadati. Ātappamakarunti phalasamāpattiṃ pavisanatthāya vīriyaṃ ārabhiṃsu. Vītarāgehi pakkāmunti māro ca mārasenā ca vītarāgehi ariyehi dūratova apakkamuṃ. Nesaṃ lomāpi ijayunti tesaṃ vītarāgānaṃ lomānipi na cālayiṃsu. Atha māro bhikkhusaṅghaṃ ārabbha imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi

Sabbe vijitasaṅgāmā, bhayātītā yasassino;

Modanti saha bhūtehi, sāvakā te janesutāti.

Tattha modanti saha bhūtehīti dasabalassa sāsane bhūtehi sajātehi ariyehi saddhiṃ modanti pamodanti. Janesutāti jane vissutā pākaṭā abhiātā.

Idaṃ pana mahāsamayasuttaṃ nāma devatānaṃ piyaṃ manāpaṃ, tasmā maṅgalaṃ vadantena abhinavaṭṭhānesu idameva suttaṃ vattabbaṃ. Devatā kira imaṃ suttaṃ suṇissāmāti ohitasotā vicaranti. Desanāpariyosāne panassa koṭisatasahassadevatā arahattaṃ pattā, sotāpannādīnaṃ gaṇanā natthi.

Devatānacassa piyamanāpabhāve idaṃ vatthu koṭipabbatavihāre kira nāgaleṇadvāre nāgarukkhe ekā devadhītā vasati. Eko daharo antoleṇe imaṃ suttaṃ sajjhāyati. Devadhītā sutvā suttapariyosāne mahāsaddena sādhukāramadāsi. Ko esoti. Ahaṃ, bhante, devadhītāti. Kasmā sādhukāramadāsīti? Bhante, dasabalena mahāvane nisīditvā kathitadivase imaṃ suttaṃ sutvā ajja assosiṃ, bhagavatā kathitato ekakkharampi ahāpetvā suggahito ayaṃ dhammo tumhehīti. Dasabalassa kathayato sutaṃ tayāti? Āma, bhanteti. Mahā kira devatāsannipāto ahosi, tvaṃ kattha ṭhitā suṇīti?

Ahaṃ, bhante, mahāvanavāsiyā devatā, mahesakkhāsu pana devatāsu āgacchantīsu jambudīpe okāsaṃ nālatthaṃ, atha imaṃ tambapaṇṇidīpaṃ āgantvā jambukolapaṭṭane ṭhatvā sotuṃ āraddhamhi, tatrāpi mahesakkhāsu devatāsu āgacchantīsu anukkamena paṭikkamamānā rohaṇajanapade mahāgāmassa piṭṭhibhāgato samudde galappamāṇaṃ udakaṃ pavisitvā tattha ṭhitā assosinti. Tuyhaṃ ṭhitaṭṭhānato dūre satthāraṃ passasi devateti? Kiṃ kathetha, bhante, satthā mahāvane dhammaṃ desento nirantaraṃ mamaeva oloketīti maamānā otappamānā ūmīsu nilayāmīti.

Taṃ divasaṃ kira koṭisatasahassadevatā arahattaṃ pattā, tumhepi tadā arahattaṃ pattāti? Natthi, bhante. Anāgāmiphalaṃ pattattha maeti? Natthi, bhante. Sakadāgāmiphalaṃ pattattha maeti? Natthi, bhante. Tayo magge pattā devatā kira gaṇanapathaṃ atītā, sotāpannā jātattha maeti? Devatā taṃ divasaṃ sotāpattiphalaṃ pattattā harāyamānā apucchitabbaṃ pucchati ayyoti āha. Tato naṃ so bhikkhu āha sakkā pana devate, tava attabhāvaṃ amhākaṃ dassetunti? Na sakkā bhante sakalakāyaṃ dassetuṃ, aṅgulipabbamattaṃ dassessāmi ayyassāti kucikachiddena aṅguliṃ antoleṇābhimukhaṃ akāsi, candasahassasūriyasahassauggamanakālo viya ahosi. Devadhītā appamattā, bhante, hothāti daharabhikkhuṃ vanditvā agamāsi. Evaṃ imaṃ suttaṃ devatānaṃ piyaṃ manāpaṃ, mamāyanti naṃ devatāti.

Iti sumaṅgalavilāsiniyā dīghanikāyaṭṭhakathāyaṃ

Mahāsamayasuttavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

343.

Với php nhn thấy r,
V phn biệt tất cả,
Bậc ạo Sư thuyết giảng,
Chng đệ tử thch nghe:
"Ma qun đ tiến đến;
Tỷ-kheo hy biết chng".
Nghe lời dạy đức Phật,
ại chng tm nhiệt tnh.
Kẻ th đ bỏ đi,
Xa v tham, v y.
Tất cả đều chiến thắng,
V y v v xưng!
ệ tử những vị ny,
Danh xưng, tm hoan hỷ.

Ha thượng Thch Minh Chu dịch Việt

 

 

Dīghanikāya - Trường Bộ Kinh - Sớ Giải

Dīghanikāya

Dīgha nikāya (aṭṭhakathā)

Kinh Trường Bộ

Vi tnh: Nhị Tường // Cập nhật 10-2022