MAJJHIMANIKĀYA- TRUNG BỘ KINH

 

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Majjhimanikāyo

Majjhimanikāye

Trung Bộ Kinh

10. Mahāsatipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ

 10. Satipaṭṭhānasuttavaṇṇanā

10. Kinh Niệm xứ

105. Evaṃ me sutaṃ ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kurūsu viharati kammāsadhammaṃ nāma kurūnaṃ nigamo. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavoti. Bhadanteti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca

 

 105. Evaṃ me sutanti satipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ. Tattha kurūsu viharatīti kurunāmakā jānapadino rājakumārā, tesaṃ nivāso ekopi janapado ruḷhīsaddena kurūti vuccati, tasmiṃ kurūsu janapade. Aṭṭhakathācariyā panāhu mandhātukāle tīsu dīpesu manussā jambudīpo nāma buddhapaccekabuddhamahāsāvakacakkavattipabhutīnaṃ uttamapurisānaṃ uppattibhūmi uttamadīpo atiramaṇīyoti sutvā raā mandhātucakkavattinā cakkaratanaṃ purakkhatvā cattāro dīpe anusaṃyāyantena saddhiṃ āgamaṃsu. Tato rājā pariṇāyakaratanaṃ pucchi

Atthi nu kho manussalokato ramaṇīyataraṃ ṭhānanti?

Kasmā deva evaṃ bhaṇasi?

Kiṃ na passasi candimasūriyānaṃ ānubhāvaṃ?

Nanu etesaṃ ṭhānaṃ ito ramaṇīyataranti?

Rājā cakkaratanaṃ purakkhatvā tattha agamāsi. Cattāro mahārājāno mandhātumahārājā āgatoti sutvāva mahiddhiko mahānubhāvo rājā na sakkā yuddhena paṭibāhitunti sakarajjaṃ niyyātesuṃ. So taṃ gahetvā puna pucchi atthi nu kho ito ramaṇīyataraṃ ṭhānanti. Athassa tāvatiṃsabhavanaṃ kathayiṃsu tāvatiṃsabhavanaṃ, deva, ramaṇīyataraṃ, tattha sakkassa devarao ime cattāro mahārājāno paricārakā dovārikabhūmiyaṃ tiṭṭhanti. Sakko devarājā mahiddhiko mahānubhāvo. Tassimāni pana upabhogaṭṭhānāni, yojanasahassubbedho vejayantapāsādo, pacayojanasatubbedhā sudhammā devasabhā, diyaḍḍhayojanasatiko vejayantaratho, tathā erāvaṇo hatthī, dibbarukkhasahassapaṭimaṇḍitaṃ nandanavanaṃ cittalatāvanaṃ phārusakavanaṃ missakavanaṃ . Yojanasatubbedho pāricchattako koviḷāro, tassa heṭṭhā saṭṭhiyojanāyāmā paṇṇāsayojanavitthatā pacadasayojanubbedhā jayasumanapupphavaṇṇā paṇḍukambalasilā, yassā mudutāya sakkassa nisīdato upaḍḍhakāyo anupavisatīti.

Taṃ sutvā rājā tattha gantukāmo cakkaratanaṃ abbhukkiri . Taṃ ākāse patiṭṭhāsi saddhiṃ caturaṅginiyā senāya. Atha dvinnaṃ devalokānaṃ vemajjhato cakkaratanaṃ otaritvā pathaviyaṃ patiṭṭhāsi saddhiṃ pariṇāyakaratanappamukhāya caturaṅginiyā senāya. Rājā ekakova tāvatiṃsabhavanaṃ agamāsi. Sakko mandhātā āgatoti sutvāva tassa paccuggamanaṃ katvā svāgataṃ te, mahārāja, sakaṃ te, mahārāja. Anusāsa, mahārājāti vatvā saddhiṃ nāṭakehi rajjaṃ dvebhāge katvā ekaṃ bhāgamadāsi. Rao tāvatiṃsabhavane patiṭṭhitamattasseva manussabhāvo vigacchi, devabhāvo pāturahosi.

Tassa kira sakkena saddhiṃ paṇḍukambalasilāyaṃ nisinnassa akkhinimisamattena nānattaṃ paāyati. Taṃ asallakkhentā devā sakkassa ca tassa ca nānatte muyhanti. So tattha dibbasampattiṃ anubhavamāno yāva chattiṃsa sakkā uppajjitvā cutā, tāva rajjaṃ kāretvā atittoyeva kāmehi tato cavitvā attano uyyāne patiṭṭhito vātātapena phuṭṭhagatto kālamakāsi.

Cakkaratane pana pathaviyaṃ patiṭṭhite pariṇāyakaratanaṃ suvaṇṇapaṭṭe mandhātuupāhanaṃ likhāpetvā idaṃ mandhāturajjanti rajjamanusāsi. Tepi tīhi dīpehi āgatamanussā puna gantuṃ asakkontā pariṇāyakaratanaṃ upasaṅkamitvā deva mayaṃ rao ānubhāvena āgatā, idāni gantuṃ na sakkoma, vasanaṭṭhānaṃ no dehīti yāciṃsu. So tesaṃ ekekaṃ janapadamadāsi. Tattha pubbavidehato āgatamanussehi āvasitapadeso tāyeva purimasaāya videharaṭṭhanti nāmaṃ labhi. Aparagoyānato āgatamanussehi āvasitapadeso aparantajanapadoti nāmaṃ labhi. Uttarakuruto āgatamanussehi āvasitapadeso kururaṭṭhanti nāmaṃ labhīti . Bahuke pana gāmanigamādayo upādāya bahuvacanena voharīyati. Tena vuttaṃ kurūsu viharatīti.

Kammāsadhammaṃnāma kurūnaṃ nigamoti. Kammāsadhammanti ettha keci dha-kārassa da-kārena atthaṃ vaṇṇayanti. Kammāso ettha damitoti kammāsadammo. Kammāsoti kammāsapādo porisādo vuccati. Tassa kira pāde khāṇukena viddhaṭṭhāne vaṇo ruhanto cittadārusadiso hutvā ruhi, tasmā kammāsapādoti paāyittha . So ca tasmiṃ okāse damito porisādabhāvato paṭisedhito. Kena? Mahāsattena. Katarasmiṃ jātaketi? Mahāsutasomajātaketi eke. Ime pana therā jayaddisajātaketi vadanti. Tadā hi mahāsattena kammāsapādo damito. Yathāha

Putto yadā homi jayaddisassa,

Pacālaraṭṭhādhipatissa atrajo;

Cajitvāna pāṇaṃ pitaraṃ pamocayiṃ,

Kammāsapādampi cahaṃ pasādayinti.

Keci pana dha-kāreneva atthaṃ vaṇṇayanti. Kururaṭṭhavāsīnaṃ kira kuruvattadhammo tasmiṃ kammāso jāto, tasmā taṃ ṭhānaṃ kammāso ettha dhammo jātoti kammāsadhammanti vuccati. Tattha niviṭṭhanigamassāpi etadeva nāmaṃ. Bhummavacanena kasmā na vuttanti? Avasanokāsato. Bhagavato kira tasmiṃ nigame vasanokāso koci vihāro nāhosi. Nigamato pana apakkamma aatarasmiṃ udakasampanne ramaṇīye bhūmibhāge mahāvanasaṇḍo ahosi. Tattha bhagavā vihāsi. Taṃ nigamaṃ gocaragāmaṃ katvā, tasmā evamettha attho veditabbo kurūsu viharati kammāsadhammaṃ nāma kurūnaṃ nigamo, taṃ gocaragāmaṃ katvāti.

Uddesavārakathāvaṇṇanā

Như vầy ti nghe.

Một thời Thế Tn ở xứ Kuru (Cu-lu), Kammassadhamma (kiềm-ma sắt đm) l đ thị của xứ Kuru. Rồi Thế Tn gọi cc Tỷ-kheo:
-- Ny cc Tỷ-kheo.

Cc Tỷ-kheo vng đp Thế Tn:
-- Bạch Thế Tn.

Thế Tn thuyết như sau:

 

Uddeso

106. Ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo sattānaṃ visuddhiyā, sokaparidevānaṃ [pariddavānaṃ (sī. pī.)] samatikkamāya, dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāya, āyassa adhigamāya, nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya, yadidaṃ cattāro satipaṭṭhānā.

Katame cattāro?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ.

Uddeso niṭṭhito.

 106.Ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggoti. Kasmā bhagavā idaṃ suttamabhāsi? Kururaṭṭhavāsīnaṃ gambhīradesanāpaṭiggahaṇasamatthatāya. Kururaṭṭhavāsino kira bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo upāsakā upāsikāyo utupaccayādisampannattā tassa raṭṭhassa sappāyautupaccayasevanena niccaṃ kallasarīrā kallacittā ca honti. Te cittasarīrakallatāya anuggahitapaābalā gambhīrakathaṃ pariggahetuṃ samatthā honti. Tena tesaṃ bhagavā imaṃ gambhīradesanāpaṭiggahaṇasamatthataṃ sampassanto ekavīsatiyā ṭhānesu kammaṭṭhānaṃ arahatte pakkhipitvā idaṃ gambhīratthaṃ satipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ abhāsi. Yathā hi puriso suvaṇṇacaṅkoṭakaṃ labhitvā tattha nānāpupphāni pakkhipeyya, suvaṇṇamajūsaṃ vā pana labhitvā sattaratanāni pakkhipeyya, evaṃ bhagavā kururaṭṭhavāsiparisaṃ labhitvā gambhīradesanaṃ desesi. Tenevettha aānipi gambhīratthāni dīghanikāye mahānidānaṃ mahāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ imasmiṃ majjhimanikāye sāropamaṃ rukkhūpamaṃ raṭṭhapālaṃ māgaṇḍiyaṃ ānejasappāyanti aānipi suttāni desesi.

Apica tasmiṃ janapade catasso parisā pakatiyāva satipaṭṭhānabhāvanānuyogamanuyuttā viharanti, antamaso dāsakammakaraparijanāpi satipaṭṭhānappaṭisaṃyuttameva kathaṃ kathenti. Udakatitthasuttakantanaṭṭhānādīsupi niratthakakathā nāma na pavattati. Sace kāci itthī amma tvaṃ kataraṃ satipaṭṭhānabhāvanaṃ manasikarosīti pucchitā na kicīti vadati. Taṃ garahanti dhiratthu tava jīvitaṃ, jīvamānāpi tvaṃ matasadisāti. Atha naṃ mā dāni puna evamakāsīti ovaditvā aataraṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ uggaṇhāpenti. Yā pana ahaṃ asukaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ manasikaromīti vadati. Tassā sādhu sādhūti sādhukāraṃ datvā tava jīvitaṃ sujīvitaṃ, tvaṃ nāma manussattaṃ pattā, tavatthāya sammāsambuddho uppannotiādīhi pasaṃsanti. Na kevalacettha manussajātiyāyeva satipaṭṭhānamanasikārayuttā, te nissāya viharantā tiracchānagatāpi. Tatridaṃ vatthu eko kira naṭako suvapotakaṃ gahetvā sikkhāpento vicarati. So bhikkhunupassayaṃ upanissāya vasitvā gamanakāle suvapotakaṃ pamussitvā gato. Taṃ sāmaṇeriyo gahetvā paṭijaggiṃsu. Buddharakkhitotissa nāmaṃ akaṃsu. Taṃ ekadivasaṃ purato nisinnaṃ disvā mahātherī āha buddharakkhitāti?

Kiṃ ayyeti.

Atthi koci tava manasikāroti?

Natthi ayyeti.

Āvuso , pabbajitānaṃ santike vasantena nāma vissaṭṭhaattabhāvena bhavituṃ na vaṭṭati, kocideva manasikāro icchitabbo, tvaṃ pana aaṃ na sakkhissasi aṭṭhi aṭṭhīti sajjhāyaṃ karohīti. So theriyā ovāde ṭhatvā aṭṭhi aṭṭhīti sajjhāyanto carati.

Taṃ ekadivasaṃ pātova toraṇagge nisīditvā bālātapaṃ tapamānaṃ eko sakuṇo nakhapajarena aggahesi. So kiri kirīti saddamakāsi. Sāmaṇeriyo sutvā ayye buddharakkhito sakuṇena gahito, mocema nanti leḍḍuādīni gahetvā anubandhitvā mocesuṃ. Taṃ ānetvā purato ṭhapitaṃ therī āha

Buddharakkhita, sakuṇena gahitakāle kiṃ cintesīti?

Na ayye aaṃ cintesiṃ, aṭṭhipujova aṭṭhipujaṃ gahetvā gacchati, katarasmimpi ṭhāne vippakirissatīti evaṃ ayye aṭṭhipujameva cintesinti.

Sādhu sādhu, buddharakkhita, anāgate bhavakkhayassa te paccayo bhavissatīti. Evaṃ tattha tiracchānagatāpi satipaṭṭhānamanasikārayuttā, tasmā nesaṃ bhagavā satipaṭṭhānabuddhimeva janento idaṃ suttaṃ abhāsi.

Tattha ekāyanoti ekamaggo. Maggassa hi

Maggo pantho patho pajjo, ajasaṃ vaṭumāyanaṃ;

Nāvā uttarasetū ca, kullo ca bhisisaṅkamoti. (cūḷani. 101)

Bahūni nāmāni. Svāyaṃ idha ayananāmena vutto. Tasmā ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggoti ettha ekamaggo ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo, na dvedhāpathabhūtoti evamattho daṭṭhabbo. Atha vā ekena ayitabboti ekāyano. Ekenāti gaṇasaṅgaṇikaṃ pahāya vūpakaṭṭhena pavivittacittena. Ayitabboti paṭipajjitabbo. Ayanti vā etenāti ayano, saṃsārato nibbānaṃ gacchantīti attho . Ekassa ayano ekāyano, ekassāti seṭṭhassa. Sabbasattānaṃ seṭṭho ca bhagavā, tasmā bhagavatoti vuttaṃ hoti. Kicāpi hi tena aepi ayanti, evaṃ santepi bhagavatova so ayano tena uppāditattā. Yathāha so hi, brāhmaṇa, bhagavā anuppannassa maggassa uppādetātiādi (ma. ni. 3.79). Ayatīti vā ayano, gacchati pavattatīti attho. Ekasmiṃ ayanoti ekāyano, imasmiṃyeva dhammavinaye pavattati, na aatrāti vuttaṃ hoti. Yathāha imasmiṃ kho, subhadda, dhammavinaye ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo upalabbhatīti (dī. ni. 2.214). Desanābhedoyeva heso, attho paneko. Apica ekaṃ ayatīti ekāyano. Pubbabhāge nānāmukhabhāvanānayappavattopi aparabhāge ekaṃ nibbānameva gacchatīti vuttaṃ hoti. Yathāha brahmā sahampati

Ekāyanaṃ jātikhayantadassī,

Maggaṃ pajānāti hitānukampī;

Etena maggena tariṃsu pubbe,

Tarissanti ye ca taranti oghanti. (saṃ. ni. 5.409);

Keci pana na pāraṃ diguṇaṃ yantīti gāthānayena yasmā ekavāraṃ nibbānaṃ gacchati. Tasmā ekāyanoti vadanti, taṃ na yujjati. Imassa hi atthassa sakiṃ ayanoti iminā byajanena bhavitabbaṃ. Yadi pana ekaṃ ayanamassa ekā gati pavattīti evamatthaṃ yojetvā vucceyya, byajanaṃ yujjeyya, attho pana ubhayathāpi na yujjati. Kasmā? Idha pubbabhāgamaggassa adhippetattā. Kāyādicatuārammaṇappavatto hi pubbabhāgasatipaṭṭhānamaggo idha adhippeto, na lokuttaro. So ca anekavārampi ayati, anekacassa ayanaṃ hoti.

Pubbepi ca imasmiṃ pade mahātherānaṃ sākacchā ahosiyeva. Tipiṭakacūḷanāgatthero pubbabhāgasatipaṭṭhānamaggoti āha. Ācariyo panassa tipiṭakacūḷasumatthero missakamaggoti āha. Pubbabhāgo bhanteti. Missako āvusoti. Ācariye punappunaṃ bhaṇante appaṭibāhitvā tuṇhī ahosi. Pahaṃ avinicchinitvāva uṭṭhahiṃsu. Athācariyatthero nhānakoṭṭhakaṃ gacchanto mayā missakamaggo kathito, cūḷanāgo pubbabhāgoti ādāya voharati , ko nu kho ettha nicchayoti suttantaṃ ādito paṭṭhāya parivattento yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya satta vassānīti imasmiṃ ṭhāne sallakkhesi, lokuttaramaggo uppajjitvā satta vassāni tiṭṭhamāno nāma natthi, mayā vutto missakamaggo na labbhati, cūḷanāgena diṭṭho pubbabhāgamaggova labbhatīti atvā aṭṭhamiyaṃ dhammassavane saṅghuṭṭhe agamāsi.

Porāṇakattherā kira piyadhammassavanā honti. Saddaṃ sutvāva ahaṃ paṭhamaṃ, ahaṃ paṭhamanti ekappahāreneva osaranti. Tasmica divase cūḷanāgattherassa vāro. Tena dhammāsane nisīditvā vījaniṃ gahetvā pubbagāthāsu vuttāsu therassa āsanapiṭṭhiyaṃ ṭhitassa etadahosi raho nisīditvā na vakkhāmīti. Porāṇakattherā hi anusūyakā honti, na attano rucimeva ucchubhāraṃ viya evaṃ ukkhipitvā vicaranti, kāraṇameva gaṇhanti, akāraṇaṃ vissajjenti. Tasmā thero āvuso cūḷanāgāti āha. So ācariyassa viya saddoti dhammaṃ ṭhapetvā kiṃ bhanteti āha. Āvuso cūḷanāga mayā vutto missakamaggo na labbhati, tayā vutto pubbabhāgasatipaṭṭhānamaggova labbhatīti.

Thero cintesi amhākaṃ ācariyo sabbapariyattiko tepiṭako sutabuddho, evarūpassapi nāma bhikkhuno ayaṃ paho āluḷeti, anāgate mama bhātikā imaṃ pahaṃ āluḷessantīti suttaṃ gahetvā imaṃ pahaṃ niccalaṃ karissāmīti paṭisambhidāmaggato ekāyanamaggo vuccati pubbabhāgasatipaṭṭhānamaggo

Maggānaṭṭhaṅgiko seṭṭho, saccānaṃ caturo padā;

Virāgo seṭṭho dhammānaṃ, dvipadānaca cakkhumā.

Eseva maggo natthao, dassanassa visuddhiyā;

Etahi tumhe paṭipajjatha, mārasenappamaddanaṃ;

Etahi tumhe paṭipannā, dukkhassantaṃ karissathāti. (dha. pa. 273-275)

Suttaṃ āharitvā ṭhapesi.

Maggoti kenaṭṭhena maggo? Nibbānagamanaṭṭhena nibbānatthikehi magganiyaṭṭhena ca. Sattānaṃ visuddhiyāti rāgādīhi malehi abhijjhāvisamalobhādīhi ca upakkilesehi kiliṭṭhacittānaṃ sattānaṃ visuddhatthāya. Tathā hi imināva maggena ito satasahassakappādhikānaṃ catunnaṃ asaṅkhyeyyānaṃ upari ekasmieva kappe nibbatte taṇhaṅkaramedhaṅkarasaraṇaṅkaradīpaṅkaranāmake buddhe ādiṃ katvā sakyamunipariyosānā aneke sammāsambuddhā anekasatā paccekabuddhā gaṇanapathaṃ vītivattā ariyasāvakā cāti ime sattā sabbe cittamalaṃ pavāhetvā paramavisuddhiṃ pattā. Rūpamalavasena pana saṃkilesavodānapaattiyeva natthi. Tathā hi

Rūpena saṃkiliṭṭhena, saṃkilissanti māṇavā;

Rūpe suddhe visujjhanti, anakkhātaṃ mahesinā.

Cittena saṃkiliṭṭhena, saṃkilissanti māṇavā;

Citte suddhe visujjhanti, iti vuttaṃ mahesinā.

Yathāha cittasaṃkilesā, bhikkhave, sattā saṃkilissanti, cittavodānā visujjhantīti (saṃ. ni. 3.100). Taca cittavodānaṃ iminā satipaṭṭhānamaggena hoti. Tenāha sattānaṃ visuddhiyāti.

Sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāyāti sokassa ca paridevassa ca samatikkamāya, pahānāyāti attho. Ayahi maggo bhāvito santatimahāmattādīnaṃ viya sokasamatikkamāya, paṭācārādīnaṃ viya ca paridevasamatikkamāya ca saṃvattati. Tenāha sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāyāti. Kicāpi hi santatimahāmatto

Yaṃ pubbe taṃ visodhehi, pacchā te māhu kicanaṃ;

Majjhe ce no gahessasi, upasanto carissasīti. (su. ni. 955);

Imaṃ gāthaṃ sutvā saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ patto.

Paṭācārā

Na santi puttā tāṇāya, na pitā nāpi bandhavā;

Antakenādhipannassa, natthi ātīsu tāṇatāti. (dha. pa. 288);

Imaṃ gāthaṃ sutvā sotāpattiphale patiṭṭhitā. Yasmā pana kāyavedanācittadhammesu kaci dhammaṃ anāmasitvā bhāvanā nāma natthi, tasmā tepi imināva maggena sokaparideve samatikkantāti veditabbā.

Dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāyāti kāyikadukkhassa ca cetasikadomanassassa cāti imesaṃ dvinnaṃ atthaṅgamāya, nirodhāyāti attho. Ayahi maggo bhāvito tissattherādīnaṃ viya dukkhassa, sakkādīnaṃ viya ca domanassassa atthaṅgamāya saṃvattati.

Tatrāyaṃ atthadīpanā sāvatthiyaṃ kira tisso nāma kuṭumbikaputto cattālīsa hiraakoṭiyo pahāya pabbajitvā agāmake arae viharati. Tassa kaniṭṭhabhātubhariyā gacchatha naṃ jīvitā voropethāti pacasate core pesesi. Te gantvā theraṃ parivāretvā nisīdiṃsu. Thero āha kasmā āgatattha upāsakāti? Taṃ jīvitā voropessāmāti. Pāṭibhogaṃ me upāsakā gahetvā ajjekarattiṃ jīvitaṃ dethāti. Ko te, samaṇa, imasmiṃ ṭhāne pāṭibhogo bhavissatīti? Thero mahantaṃ pāsāṇaṃ gahetvā dve ūruṭṭhīni bhinditvā vaṭṭati upāsakā pāṭibhogoti āha. Te apakkamitvā caṅkamanasīse aggiṃ katvā nipajjiṃsu. Therassa vedanaṃ vikkhambhetvā sīlaṃ paccavekkhato parisuddhaṃ sīlaṃ nissāya pītipāmojjaṃ uppajji . Tato anukkamena vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhento tiyāmarattiṃ samaṇadhammaṃ katvā aruṇuggamane arahattaṃ patto imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi

Ubho pādāni bhinditvā, saapessāmi vo ahaṃ;

Aṭṭiyāmi harāyāmi, sarāgamaraṇaṃ ahaṃ.

Evāhaṃ cintayitvāna, yathābhūtaṃ vipassisaṃ;

Sampatte aruṇuggamhi, arahattamapāpuṇinti.

Aparepi tiṃsa bhikkhū bhagavato santike kammaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvā araavihāre vassaṃ upagantvā āvuso, tiyāmarattiṃ samaṇadhammova kātabbo, na aamaassa santikaṃ āgantabbanti vatvā vihariṃsu. Tesaṃ samaṇadhammaṃ katvā paccūsasamaye pacalāyantānaṃ eko byaggho āgantvā ekekaṃ bhikkhuṃ gahetvā gacchati. Na koci maṃ byaggho gaṇhīti vācampi nicchāresi. Evaṃ pacasu dasasu bhikkhūsu khāditesu uposathadivase itare, āvuso, kuhinti pucchitvā atvā ca idāni gahitena, gahitomhīti vattabbanti vatvā vihariṃsu.

Atha aataraṃ daharabhikkhuṃ purimanayeneva byaggho gaṇhi. So byaggho, bhanteti āha. Bhikkhū kattaradaṇḍe ca ukkāyo ca gahetvā mocessāmāti anubandhiṃsu. Byaggho bhikkhūnaṃ agatiṃ chinnataṭaṭṭhānaṃ āruyha taṃ bhikkhuṃ pādaṅguṭṭhakato paṭṭhāya khādituṃ ārabhi. Itarepi idāni , sappurisa, amhehi kattabbaṃ natthi, bhikkhūnaṃ viseso nāma evarūpe ṭhāne paāyatīti āhaṃsu. So byagghamukhe nipannova taṃ vedanaṃ vikkhambhetvā vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhento yāva gopphakā khāditasamaye sotāpanno hutvā, yāva jaṇṇukā khāditasamaye sakadāgāmī, yāva nābhiyā khāditasamaye anāgāmī hutvā, hadayarūpe akhāditeyeva saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ patvā imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi

Sīlavā vatasampanno, paavā susamāhito;

Muhuttaṃ pamādamanvāya, byagghenoruddhamānaso.

Pajarasmiṃ gahetvāna, silāya uparīkato;

Kāmaṃ khādatu maṃ byaggho, bhakkho kāyo amittānaṃ;

Paṭiladdhe kammaṭṭhāne, maraṇaṃ hehiti bhaddakanti.

Aparopi pītamallatthero nāma gihikāle tīsu rajjesu paṭākaṃ gahetvā tambapaṇṇidīpaṃ āgamma rājānaṃ disvā raā katānuggaho ekadivasaṃ kilajakāpaṇasāladvārena gacchanto rūpaṃ, bhikkhave, na tumhākaṃ, taṃ pajahatha, taṃ vo pahīnaṃ dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya bhavissatīti (saṃ. ni. 3.33-34) natumhākavaggaṃ sutvā cintesi neva kira rūpaṃ attano, na vedanāti. So taṃyeva aṅkusaṃ katvā nikkhamitvā mahāvihāraṃ gantvā pabbajjaṃ yācitvā pabbajito upasampanno dvemātikā paguṇaṃ katvā tiṃsa bhikkhū gahetvā gabalavāliyaaṅgaṇaṃ gantvā samaṇadhammamakāsi. Pādesu avahantesu jaṇṇukehi caṅkamati. Tamenaṃ rattiṃ eko migaluddako migoti maamāno sattiyā pahari. Satti vinivijjhitvā gatā. So taṃ sattiṃ harāpetvā pahāramukhāni tiṇavaṭṭiyā pūrāpetvā pāsāṇapiṭṭhiyaṃ attānaṃ nisīdāpetvā okāsaṃ kāretvā vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ patvā ukkāsitasaddena āgatānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ byākaritvā imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi

Bhāsitaṃ buddhaseṭṭhassa, sabbalokaggavādino;

Na tumhākamidaṃ rūpaṃ, taṃ jaheyyātha bhikkhavo.

Aniccā vata saṅkhārā, uppādavayadhammino;

Uppajjitvā nirujjhanti, tesaṃ vūpasamo sukhoti.

Atha naṃ bhikkhū āhaṃsu sace, bhante, sammāsambuddho arogo abhavissā, addhā te muddhamatthake hatthaṃ pasāretvā sīsaṃ parāmaseyyāti. Ettāvatā ayaṃ maggo tissattherādīnaṃ viya dukkhassa atthaṅgamāya saṃvattati.

Sakko pana devānamindo attano pacavidhaṃ pubbanimittaṃ disvā maraṇabhayasantajjito domanassajāto bhagavantaṃ upasaṅkamitvā pahaṃ pucchi. So upekkhāpahavissajjanāvasāne asītisahassāhi devatāhi saddhiṃ sotāpattiphale patiṭṭhāsi. Sā cassa upapatti puna pākatikāva ahosi.

Subrahmāpi devaputto accharāsahassaparivāro saggasampattiṃ anubhoti, tattha pacasatā accharāyo rukkhato pupphāni ocinantiyo cavitvā niraye upapannā. So kiṃ imā cirāyantīti upadhārento tāsaṃ niraye nibbattabhāvaṃ disvā kittakaṃ nu kho mama āyūti upaparikkhanto attanopi āyuparikkhayaṃ viditvā tattheva niraye nibbattanabhāvaṃ disvā bhīto ativiya domanassajāto hutvā imaṃ me domanassaṃ satthā vinayissati na aoti avasesā pacasatā accharāyo gahetvā bhagavantaṃ upasaṅkamitvā pahaṃ pucchi

Niccaṃ utrastamidaṃ cittaṃ, niccaṃ ubbiggidaṃ mano;

Anuppannesu kicchesu, atho uppatitesu ca;

Sace atthi anutrastaṃ, taṃ me akkhāhi pucchitoti. (saṃ. ni. 1.98);

Tato naṃ bhagavā āha

Nāatra bojjhā tapasā, nāatrindriyasaṃvarā;

Nāatra sabbanissaggā, sotthiṃ passāmi pāṇinanti. (saṃ. ni. 1.98);

So desanāpariyosāne pacahi accharāsatehi saddhiṃ sotāpattiphale patiṭṭhāya taṃ sampattiṃ thāvaraṃ katvā devalokameva agamāsīti . Evamayaṃ maggo bhāvito sakkādīnaṃ viya domanassassa atthaṅgamāya saṃvattatīti veditabbo.

āyassa adhigamāyāti āyo vuccati ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, tassa adhigamāya, pattiyāti vuttaṃ hoti. Ayahi pubbabhāge lokiyo satipaṭṭhānamaggo bhāvito lokuttarassa maggassa adhigamāya saṃvattati. Tenāha āyassa adhigamāyāti. Nibbānassa sacchikiriyāyāti taṇhāvānavirahitattā nibbānanti laddhanāmassa amatassa sacchikiriyāya, attapaccakkhatāyāti vuttaṃ hoti. Ayahi maggo bhāvito anupubbena nibbānasacchikiriyaṃ sādheti. Tenāha nibbānassa sacchikiriyāyāti.

Tattha kicāpi sattānaṃ visuddhiyāti vutte sokasamatikkamādīni atthato siddhāneva honti, ṭhapetvā pana sāsanayuttikovide aesaṃ na pākaṭāni, na ca bhagavā paṭhamaṃ sāsanayuttikovidaṃ janaṃ katvā pacchā dhammaṃ deseti. Tena teneva pana suttena taṃ taṃ atthaṃ āpeti. Tasmā idha yaṃ yaṃ atthaṃ ekāyanamaggo sādheti, taṃ taṃ pākaṭaṃ katvā dassento sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāyātiādimāha. Yasmā vā yā sattānaṃ visuddhi ekāyanamaggena saṃvattati, sā sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamena hoti, sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamo dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamena, dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamo āyassādhigamena, āyassādhigamo nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya. Tasmā imampi kamaṃ dassento sattānaṃ visuddhiyāti vatvā sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāyātiādimāha.

Apica vaṇṇabhaṇanametaṃ ekāyanamaggassa. Yatheva hi bhagavā dhammaṃ vo, bhikkhave, desessāmi ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyajanaṃ kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāsessāmi, yadidaṃ chachakkānīti (ma. ni. 3.420) chachakkadesanāya aṭṭhahi padehi vaṇṇaṃ abhāsi, yathā ca ariyavaṃsadesanāya cattārome, bhikkhave, ariyavaṃsā aggaā rattaā vaṃsaā porāṇā asaṃkiṇṇā asaṃkiṇṇapubbā na saṃkīyanti, na saṃkīyissanti, appaṭikuṭṭhā samaṇehi brāhmaṇehi viūhīti (a. ni. 4.28) navahi padehi vaṇṇaṃ abhāsi, evaṃ imassapi ekāyanamaggassa sattānaṃ visuddhiyātiādīhi sattahi padehi vaṇṇaṃ abhāsi.

Kasmā iti ce? Tesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ ussāhajananatthaṃ. Vaṇṇabhāsanahi sutvā te bhikkhū ayaṃ kira maggo hadayasantāpabhūtaṃ sokaṃ, vācāvippalāpabhūtaṃ paridevaṃ, kāyikaasātabhūtaṃ dukkhaṃ, cetasikaasātabhūtaṃ domanassanti cattāro upaddave hanati, visuddhiṃ āyaṃ nibbānanti tayo visese āvahatīti ussāhajātā imaṃ dhammadesanaṃ uggahetabbaṃ pariyāpuṇitabbaṃ dhāretabbaṃ vācetabbaṃ, imaca maggaṃ bhāvetabbaṃ maissanti. Iti tesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ ussāhajananatthaṃ vaṇṇaṃ abhāsi, kambalavāṇijādayo kambalādīnaṃ vaṇṇaṃ viya.

Yathā hi satasahassagghanikapaṇḍukambalavāṇijena kambalaṃ gaṇhathāti ugghositepi asukakambaloti na tāva manussā jānanti. Kesakambalavālakambalādayopi hi duggandhā kharasamphassā kambalātveva vuccanti. Yadā pana tena gandhārako rattakambalo sukhumo ujjalo sukhasamphassoti ugghositaṃ hoti, tadā ye pahonti, te gaṇhanti. Ye na pahonti, tepi dassanakāmā honti, evamevaṃ ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggoti vuttepi asukamaggoti na tāva pākaṭo hoti. Nānappakārakā hi aniyyānamaggāpi maggātveva vuccanti. Sattānaṃ visuddhiyātiādimhi pana vutte ayaṃ kira maggo cattāro upaddave hanati, tayo visese āvahatīti ussāhajātā imaṃ dhammadesanaṃ uggahetabbaṃ pariyāpuṇitabbaṃ dhāretabbaṃ vācetabbaṃ, imaca maggaṃ bhāvetabbaṃ maissantīti vaṇṇaṃ bhāsanto sattānaṃ visuddhiyātiādimāha. Yathā ca satasahassagghanikapaṇḍukambalavāṇijopamā, evaṃ rattajambunadasuvaṇṇaudakappasādakamaṇiratanasu-visuddhamuttāratanadhotapavāḷādivāṇijūpamādayopettha āharitabbā.

Yadidanti nipāto, ye imeti ayamassa attho. Cattāroti gaṇanaparicchedo, tena na tato heṭṭhā na uddhanti satipaṭṭhānaparicchedaṃ dīpeti. Satipaṭṭhānāti tayo satipaṭṭhānā satigocaropi, tidhā paṭipannesu sāvakesu satthuno paṭighānunayavītivattatāpi, satipi. Catunnaṃ , bhikkhave, satipaṭṭhānānaṃ samudayaca atthaṅgamaca desessāmi, taṃ suṇāthape. Ko ca, bhikkhave, kāyassa samudayo? Āhārasamudayā kāyasamudayotiādīsu (saṃ. ni. 3.408) hi satigocaro satipaṭṭhānanti vuccati. Tathā kāyo paṭṭhānaṃ, no sati. Sati paṭṭhānaceva sati cātiādīsupi (paṭi. ma. 3.35). Tassattho patiṭṭhāti asminti paṭṭhānaṃ. Kā patiṭṭhāti? Sati. Satiyā paṭṭhānaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ. Padhānaṭṭhānanti vā paṭṭhānaṃ. Satiyā paṭṭhānaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ, hatthiṭṭhānaassaṭṭhānādīni viya. Tayo satipaṭṭhānā, yadariyo sevati, yadariyo sevamāno satthā gaṇamanusāsitumarahatīti (ma. ni. 3.311) etthāpi tidhā paṭipannesu sāvakesu satthuno paṭighānunayavītivattatā satipaṭṭhānanti vuttā. Tassattho paṭṭhapetabbato paṭṭhānaṃ, pavattayitabbatoti attho. Kena paṭṭhapetabbatoti? Satiyā. Satiyā paṭṭhānaṃ satipaṭṭhānanti. Cattāro satipaṭṭhānā bhāvitā bahulīkatā satta bojjhaṅge paripūrentītiādīsu (saṃ. ni. 5.989) pana satiyeva satipaṭṭhānanti vuccati. Tassattho patiṭṭhātīti paṭṭhānaṃ, upaṭṭhāti okkantitvā pakkhanditvā pavattatīti attho. Satiyeva paṭṭhānaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ. Atha vā saraṇaṭṭhena sati, upaṭṭhānaṭṭhena paṭṭhānaṃ. Iti sati ca sā paṭṭhānacātipi satipaṭṭhānaṃ. Idamidha adhippetaṃ.

Yadi evaṃ, kasmā satipaṭṭhānāti bahuvacanaṃ? Satibahuttā. Ārammaṇabhedena hi bahukā etā satiyo. Atha maggoti kasmā ekavacanaṃ? Maggaṭṭhena ekattā. Catassopi hi etā satiyo maggaṭṭhena ekattaṃ gacchanti. Vuttahetaṃ maggoti kenaṭṭhena maggo? Nibbānagamanaṭṭhena, nibbānatthikehi magganīyaṭṭhena cāti. Catassopi cetā aparabhāge kāyādīsu ārammaṇesu kiccaṃ sādhayamānā nibbānaṃ gacchanti. Ādito paṭṭhāya ca nibbānatthikehi maggīyanti, tasmā catassopi eko maggoti vuccanti . Evaca sati vacanānusandhinā sānusandhikāva desanā hoti, mārasenappamaddanaṃ vo, bhikkhave, maggaṃ desessāmi, taṃ suṇāthape katamo ca, bhikkhave, mārasenappamaddano maggo? Yadidaṃ sattabojjhaṅgātiādīsu (saṃ. ni. 5.224) viya hi yathā mārasenappamaddanoti ca sattabojjhaṅgāti ca atthato ekaṃ, byajanamevettha nānaṃ. Evaṃ ekāyanamaggoti ca cattāro satipaṭṭhānāti ca atthato ekaṃ, byajanamevettha nānaṃ. Tasmā maggaṭṭhena ekattā ekavacanaṃ, ārammaṇabhedena satibahuttā bahuvacanaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Kasmā pana bhagavatā cattārova satipaṭṭhānā vuttā anūnā anadhikāti? Veneyyahitattā . Taṇhācaritadiṭṭhicaritasamathayānikavipassanāyānikesu hi mandatikkhavasena dvedhā dvedhā pavattesu veneyyesu mandassa taṇhācaritassa oḷārikaṃ kāyānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa sukhumaṃ vedanānupassanaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ. Diṭṭhicaritassāpi mandassa nātippabhedagataṃ cittānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa atippabhedagataṃ dhammānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ. Samathayānikassa ca mandassa akicchena adhigantabbanimittaṃ paṭhamaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa oḷārikārammaṇe asaṇṭhahanato dutiyaṃ. Vipassanāyānikassapi mandassa nātippabhedagatārammaṇaṃ tatiyaṃ, tikkhassa atippabhedagatārammaṇaṃ catutthaṃ. Iti cattārova vuttā anūnā anadhikāti.

Subhasukhaniccaattabhāvavipallāsapahānatthaṃ vā. Kāyo hi asubho, tattha ca subhavipallāsavipallatthā sattā, tesaṃ tattha asubhabhāvadassanena tassa vipallāsassa pahānatthaṃ paṭhamaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ vuttaṃ. Sukhaṃ niccaṃ attāti gahitesupi ca vedanādīsu vedanā dukkhā, cittaṃ aniccaṃ, dhammā anattā, tesu ca sukhaniccaattavipallāsavipallatthā sattā, tesaṃ tattha dukkhādibhāvadassanena tesaṃ vipallāsānaṃ pahānatthaṃ sesāni tīṇi vuttānīti evaṃ subhasukhaniccaattabhāvavipallāsapahānatthaṃ vā cattārova vuttā anūnā anadhikāti veditabbā.

Na kevalaca vipallāsapahānatthameva, atha kho caturoghayogāsavaganthaupādānaagatipahānatthampi catubbidhāhārapariatthaca cattārova vuttāti veditabbā. Ayaṃ tāva pakaraṇanayo.

Aṭṭhakathāyaṃ pana saraṇavasena ceva ekattasamosaraṇavasena ca ekameva satipaṭṭhānaṃ ārammaṇavasena cattāroti etadeva vuttaṃ. Yathā hi catudvāre nagare pācīnato āgacchantā pācīnadisāya uṭṭhānakaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā pācīnadvārena nagarameva pavisanti, dakkhiṇato pacchimato uttarato āgacchantā uttaradisāya uṭṭhānakaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā uttaradvārena nagarameva pavisanti, evaṃsampadamidaṃ veditabbaṃ. Nagaraṃ viya hi nibbānamahānagaraṃ . Dvāraṃ viya aṭṭhaṅgiko lokuttaramaggo. Pācīnadisādayo viya kāyādayo.

Yathā pācīnato āgacchantā pācīnadisāya uṭṭhānakaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā pācīnadvārena nagarameva pavisanti, evaṃ kāyānupassanāmukhena āgacchantā cuddasavidhena kāyānupassanaṃ bhāvetvā kāyānupassanābhāvanānubhāvanibbattena ariyamaggena ekaṃ nibbānameva osaranti.

Yathā dakkhiṇato āgacchantā dakkhiṇadisāya uṭṭhānakaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā dakkhiṇadvārena nagarameva pavisanti, evaṃ vedanānupassanāmukhena āgacchantā navavidhena vedanānupassanaṃ bhāvetvā vedanānupassanābhāvanānubhāvanibbattena ariyamaggena ekaṃ nibbānameva osaranti.

Yathā pacchimato āgacchantā pacchimadisāya uṭṭhānakaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā pacchimadvārena nagarameva pavisanti, evaṃ cittānupassanāmukhena āgacchantā soḷasavidhena cittānupassanaṃ bhāvetvā cittānupassanābhāvanānubhāvanibbattena ariyamaggena ekaṃ nibbānameva osaranti.

Yathā uttarato āgacchantā uttaradisāya uṭṭhānakaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā uttaradvārena nagarameva pavisanti, evaṃ dhammānupassanāmukhena āgacchantā pacavidhena dhammānupassanaṃ bhāvetvā dhammānupassanābhāvanānubhāvanibbattena ariyamaggena ekaṃ nibbānameva osaranti.

Evaṃ saraṇavasena ceva ekattasamosaraṇavasena ca ekameva satipaṭṭhānaṃ ārammaṇavasena cattārova vuttāti veditabbā.

Katamecattāroti kathetukamyatā pucchā. Idhāti imasmiṃ sāsane. Bhikkhaveti dhammapaṭiggāhakapuggalālapanametaṃ. Bhikkhūti paṭipattisampādakapuggalanidassanametaṃ. Aepi ca devamanussā paṭipattiṃ sampādentiyeva, seṭṭhattā pana paṭipattiyā bhikkhubhāvadassanato ca, bhikkhūti āha. Bhagavato hi anusāsaniṃ sampaṭicchantesu bhikkhu seṭṭho, sabbappakārāya anusāsaniyā bhājanabhāvato, tasmā seṭṭhattā bhikkhūti āha. Tasmiṃ gahite pana sesā gahitāva honti rājagamanādīsu rājaggahaṇena sesaparisā viya. Yo ca imaṃ paṭipattiṃ paṭipajjati, so bhikkhu nāma hotīti paṭipattiyā bhikkhubhāvadassanatopi bhikkhūti āha . Paṭipannako hi devo vā hotu manusso vā, bhikkhūti saṅkhaṃ gacchatiyeva. Yathāha

Alaṅkato cepi samaṃ careyya,

Santo danto niyato brahmacārī;

Sabbesu bhūtesu nidhāya daṇḍaṃ,

So brāhmaṇo so samaṇo sa bhikkhūti. (dha. pa. 142);

Kāyeti rūpakāye. Rūpakāyo hi idha aṅgapaccaṅgānaṃ kesādīnaca dhammānaṃ samūhaṭṭhena hatthikāyarathakāyādayo viya kāyoti adhippeto. Yathā ca samūhaṭṭhena, evaṃ kucchitānaṃ āyaṭṭhena. Kucchitānahi paramajegucchānaṃ so āyotipi kāyoĀyoti uppattideso. Tatrāyaṃ vacanattho, āyanti tatoti āyo. Ke āyanti? Kucchitā kesādayo. Iti kucchitānaṃ āyoti kāyo. Kāyānupassīti kāyamanupassanasīlo, kāyaṃ vā anupassamāno.

Kāyeti ca vatvāpi puna kāyānupassīti dutiyaṃ kāyaggahaṇaṃ asammissato vavatthānaghanavinibbhogādidassanatthaṃ katanti veditabbaṃ. Tena na kāye vedanānupassī vā, cittadhammānupassī vā, atha kho kāyānupassīyevāti kāyasaṅkhāte vatthusmiṃ kāyānupassanākārasseva dassanena asammissato vavatthānaṃ dassitaṃ hoti. Tathā na kāye aṅgapaccaṅgavimuttaekadhammānupassī, nāpi kesalomādivinimuttaitthipurisānupassī. Yopi cettha kesalomādiko bhūtupādāyasamūhasaṅkhāto kāyo , tatthapi na bhūtupādāyavinimuttaekadhammānupassī, atha kho rathasambhārānupassako viya aṅgapaccaṅgasamūhānupassī, nagarāvayavānupassako viya kesalomādisamūhānupassī, kadalikkhandhapattavaṭṭivinibbhujanako viya rittamuṭṭhiviniveṭhako viya ca bhūtupādāyasamūhānupassīyevāti nānappakārato samūhavaseneva kāyasaṅkhātassa vatthuno dassanena ghanavinibbhogo dassito hoti. Na hettha yathāvuttasamūhavinimutto kāyo vā itthī vā puriso vā ao vā koci dhammo dissati , yathāvuttadhammasamūhamatteyeva pana tathā tathā sattā micchābhinivesaṃ karonti. Tenāhu porāṇā

Yaṃ passati na taṃ diṭṭhaṃ, yaṃ diṭṭhaṃ taṃ na passati;

Apassaṃ bajjhate mūḷho, bajjhamāno na muccatīti.

Ghanavinibbhogādidassanatthanti vuttaṃ. Ādisaddena cettha ayampi attho veditabbo ayahi ekasmiṃ kāye kāyānupassīyeva, na aadhammānupassī. Kiṃ vuttaṃ hoti? Yathā anudakabhūtāyapi marīciyā udakānupassino honti, na evaṃ aniccadukkhānattaasubhabhūteyeva imasmiṃ kāye niccasukhaattasubhabhāvānupassī, atha kho kāyānupassī aniccadukkhānattaasubhākārasamūhānupassīyevāti. Atha vā yvāyaṃ parato idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu araagato vāpe so satova assasatītiādinā nayena assāsapassāsādicuṇṇikajātaaṭṭhikapariyosāno kāyo vutto, yo ca idhekacco pathavikāyaṃ aniccato anupassati āpokāyaṃ tejokāyaṃ vāyokāyaṃ kesakāyaṃ lomakāyaṃ chavikāyaṃ cammakāyaṃ maṃsakāyaṃ ruhirakāyaṃ nahārukāyaṃ aṭṭhikāyaṃ aṭṭhimijakāyanti paṭisambhidāyaṃ (paṭi. ma. 3.35) kāyo vutto, tassa sabbassa imasmiṃyeva kāye anupassanato kāye kāyānupassīti evampi attho daṭṭhabbo.

Atha vā kāye ahanti vā mamanti vā evaṃ gahetabbassa yassa kassaci ananupassanato tassa tasseva pana kesālomādikassa nānādhammasamūhassa anupassanato kāye kesādidhammasamūhasaṅkhātakāyānupassīti evamattho daṭṭhabbo. Apica imasmiṃ kāye aniccato anupassati, no niccatotiādinā nayena paṭisambhidāyaṃ āgatanayassa sabbasseva aniccalakkhaṇādino ākārasamūhasaṅkhātassa kāyassānupassanatopi kāye kāyānupassīti evampi attho daṭṭhabbo.

Tathā hi ayaṃ kāye kāyānupassanāpaṭipadaṃ paṭipanno bhikkhu imaṃ kāyaṃ aniccānupassanādīnaṃ sattannaṃ anupassanānaṃ vasena aniccato anupassati, no niccato. Dukkhato anupassati, no sukhato. Anattato anupassati, no attato. Nibbindati, no nandati. Virajjati, no rajjati. Nirodheti, no samudeti. Paṭinissajjati, no ādiyati. So taṃ aniccato anupassanto niccasaaṃ pajahati, dukkhato anupassanto sukhasaaṃ pajahati, anattato anupassanto attasaaṃ pajahati, nibbindanto nandiṃ pajahati, virajjanto rāgaṃ pajahati, nirodhento samudayaṃ pajahati, paṭinissajjanto ādānaṃ pajahatīti veditabbo.

Viharatīti iriyati. Ātāpīti tīsu bhavesu kilese ātāpetīti ātāpo, vīriyassetaṃ nāmaṃ. Ātāpo assa atthīti ātāpī. Sampajānoti sampajaasaṅkhātena āṇena samannāgato. Satimāti kāyapariggāhikāya satiyā samannāgato. Ayaṃ pana yasmā satiyā ārammaṇaṃ pariggahetvā paāya anupassati, na hi sativirahitassa anupassanā nāma atthi. Tenevāha satica khvāhaṃ, bhikkhave, sabbatthikaṃ vadāmīti (saṃ. ni. 5.234). Tasmā ettha kāye kāyānupassī viharatīti ettāvatā kāyānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānakammaṭṭhānaṃ vuttaṃ hoti. Atha vā yasmā anātāpino antosaṅkhepo antarāyakaro hoti, asampajāno upāyapariggahe anupāyaparivajjane ca sammuyhati, muṭṭhassati upāyāpariccāge anupāyāpariggahe ca asamattho hoti, tenassa taṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ na sampajjati, tasmā yesaṃ dhammānaṃ ānubhāvena taṃ sampajjati. Tesaṃ dassanatthaṃ ātāpī sampajāno satimāti idaṃ vuttanti veditabbaṃ.

Iti kāyānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ sampayogaṅgacassa dassetvā idāni pahānaṅgaṃ dassetuṃ vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassanti vuttaṃ. Tattha vineyyāti tadaṅgavinayena vā vikkhambhanavinayena vā vinayitvā. Loketi tasmiṃyeva kāye. Kāyo hi idha lujjanapalujjanaṭṭhena lokoti adhippeto. Yasmā panassa na kāyamatteyeva abhijjhādomanassaṃ pahīyati, vedanādīsupi pahīyatiyeva, tasmā pacapi upādānakkhandhā lokoti vibhaṅge (vibha. 362) vuttaṃ. Lokasaṅkhātattā vā tesaṃ dhammānaṃ atthuddhāranayenetaṃ vuttaṃ. Yaṃ panāha tattha katamo loko? Sveva kāyo lokoti. Ayamevettha attho, tasmiṃ loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ vineyyāti evaṃ sambandho daṭṭhabbo. Yasmā panettha abhijjhāgahaṇena kāmacchando , domanassaggahaṇena byāpādo saṅgahaṃ gacchati, tasmā nīvaraṇapariyāpannabalavadhammadvayadassanena nīvaraṇappahānaṃ vuttaṃ hotīti veditabbaṃ.

Visesena cettha abhijjhāvinayena kāyasampattimūlakassa anurodhassa, domanassavinayena pana kāyavipattimūlakassa virodhassa, abhijjhāvinayena ca kāye abhiratiyā, domanassavinayena kāyabhāvanāya anabhiratiyā, abhijjhāvinayena kāye abhūtānaṃ subhasukhabhāvādīnaṃ pakkhepassa, domanassavinayena ca kāye bhūtānaṃ asubhāsukhabhāvādīnaṃ apanayanassa ca pahānaṃ vuttaṃ. Tena yogāvacarassa yogānubhāvo yogasamatthatā ca dīpitā hoti. Yogānubhāvo hi esa, yadidaṃ anurodhavirodhavippamutto aratiratisaho abhūtapakkhepabhūtāpanayanavirahito ca hoti. Anurodhavirodhavippamutto cesa aratiratisaho abhūtaṃ apakkhipanto bhūtaca anapanento yogasamattho hotīti.

Aparo nayo kāye kāyānupassīti ettha anupassanāya kammaṭṭhānaṃ vuttaṃ. Viharatīti ettha vuttavihārena kammaṭṭhānikassa kāyapariharaṇaṃ. Ātāpītiādīsu ātāpena sammappadhānaṃ, satisampajaena sabbatthikakammaṭṭhānaṃ, kammaṭṭhānapariharaṇūpāyo vā, satiyā vā kāyānupassanāvasena paṭiladdhasamatho, sampajaena vipassanā, abhijjhādomanassavinayena bhāvanāphalaṃ vuttanti veditabbaṃ.

Vibhaṅge pana anupassīti tattha katamā anupassanā? Yā paā pajānanāpe sammādiṭṭhi. Ayaṃ vuccati anupassanā. Imāya anupassanāya upeto hoti samupeto upāgato samupāgato upapanno sampanno samannāgato. Tena vuccati anupassīti.

Viharatīti iriyati vattati pāleti yapeti yāpeti carati viharati. Tena vuccati viharatīti.

Ātāpīti tattha katamo ātāpo? Yo cetasiko vīriyārambhope sammāvāyāmo. Ayaṃ vuccati ātāpo. Iminā ātāpena upeto hotipe samannāgato. Tena vuccati ātāpīti.

Sampajānoti tattha katamaṃ sampajaaṃ? Yā paā pajānanāpe sammādiṭṭhi. Idaṃ vuccati sampajaaṃ. Iminā sampajaena upeto hotipe samannāgato. Tena vuccati sampajānoti.

Satimāti tattha katamā sati? Yā sati anussatipe sammāsati. Ayaṃ vuccati sati. Imāya satiyā upeto hotipe samannāgato. Tena vuccati satimāti.

Vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassanti tattha katamo loko? Sveva kāyo loko, pacapi upādānakkhandhā loko. Ayaṃ vuccati loko. Tattha katamā abhijjhā? Yo rāgo sārāgo anunayo anurodho nandī nandīrāgo cittassa sārāgo, ayaṃ vuccati abhijjhā. Tattha katamaṃ domanassaṃ? Yaṃ cetasikaṃ asātaṃ, cetasikaṃ dukkhaṃ, cetosamphassajaṃ asātaṃpe dukkhā vedanā. Idaṃ vuccati domanassaṃ. Iti ayaca abhijjhā idaca domanassaṃ imamhi loke vinītā honti paṭivinītā santā vūpasantā samitā vūpasamitā atthaṅgatā abbhatthaṅgatā appitā byappitā sositā visositā byantīkatā, tena vuccati vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassanti (vibha. 356) evametesaṃ padānamattho vutto. Tena saha ayaṃ aṭṭhakathānayo yathā saṃsandati, evaṃ veditabbo. Ayaṃ tāva kāyānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānuddesassa atthavaṇṇanā.

Vedanāsu citte dhammesu dhammānupassī viharatipe vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassanti ettha pana vedanānupassīti evamādīsu vedanādīnaṃ puna vacane payojanaṃ kāyānupassanāyaṃ vuttanayeneva veditabbaṃ. Vedanāsu vedanānupassī, citte cittānupassī, dhammesu dhammānupassīti ettha pana vedanāti tisso vedanā, tā ca lokiyā eva. Cittampi lokiyaṃ, tathā dhammā. Tesaṃ vibhāgo niddesavāre pākaṭo bhavissati. Kevalaṃ panidha yathā vedanā anupassitabbā, tathā anupassanto vedanāsu vedanānupassīti veditabbo. Esa nayo cittadhammesupi. Kathaca vedanā anupassitabbāti? Sukhā tāva vedanā dukkhato, dukkhā sallato, adukkhamasukhā aniccato. Yathāha

Yo sukhaṃ dukkhato adda, dukkhamaddakkhi sallato;

Adukkhamasukhaṃ santaṃ, adakkhi naṃ aniccato;

Sa ve sammaddaso bhikkhu, upasanto carissatīti. (saṃ. ni. 4.253);

Sabbā eva cetā dukkhātipi anupassitabbā. Vuttahetaṃ yaṃkici vedayitaṃ, sabbaṃ taṃ dukkhasminti vadāmīti (saṃ. ni. 4.259). Sukhadukkhatopi ca anupassitabbā. Yathāha sukhā vedanā ṭhitisukhā vipariṇāmadukkhāti (ma. ni. 1.464) sabbaṃ vitthāretabbaṃ. Apica aniccādisattānupassanāvasenapi anupassitabbā. Sesaṃ niddesavāreyeva pākaṭaṃ bhavissati. Cittadhammesupi cittaṃ tāva ārammaṇādhipatisahajātabhūmikamma-vipākakiriyādinānattabhedānaṃ aniccādisattānupassanānaṃ niddesavāre āgatasarāgādibhedānaca vasena anupassitabbaṃ. Dhammā salakkhaṇasāmaalakkhaṇānaṃ suatadhammassa aniccādisattānupassanānaṃ niddesavāre āgatasantāsantādibhedānaca vasena anupassitabbā. Sesaṃ vuttanayameva. Kāmacettha yassa kāyasaṅkhāte loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ pahīnaṃ, tassa vedanādilokesupi taṃ pahīnameva. Nānāpuggalavasena pana nānācittakkhaṇikasatipaṭṭhānabhāvanāvasena ca sabbattha vuttaṃ. Yato vā ekattha pahīnaṃ sesesupi pahīnaṃ hoti. Tenevassa tattha pahānadassanatthampi evaṃ vuttanti veditabbanti.

Uddesavārakathāvaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Kāyānupassanāānāpānapabbavaṇṇanā

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Kāyānupassanā ānāpānapabbaṃ

107. Kathaca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu araagato vā rukkhamūlagato vā suāgāragato vā nisīdati, pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā, ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya, parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So satova assasati, satova [sato (sī. syā.)] passasati. Dīghaṃ vā assasanto dīghaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti, dīghaṃ vā passasanto dīghaṃ passasāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā assasanto rassaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā passasanto rassaṃ passasāmīti pajānāti, sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmīti sikkhati , passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, dakkho bhamakāro vā bhamakārantevāsī vā dīghaṃ vā achanto dīghaṃ achāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā achanto rassaṃ achāmīti pajānāti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dīghaṃ vā assasanto dīghaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti, dīghaṃ vā passasanto dīghaṃ passasāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā assasanto rassaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā passasanto rassaṃ passasāmīti pajānāti; sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmīti sikkhati, sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmīti sikkhati; passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmīti sikkhati, passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmīti sikkhati.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati. Atthi kāyoti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho [evampi (sī. syā. pī.)], bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Ānāpānapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

 

 107. Idāni seyyathāpi nāma cheko vilīvakārako thūlakilajasaṇhakilajacaṅkoṭakapeḷāpuṭādīni upakaraṇāni kattukāmo ekaṃ mahāveṇuṃ labhitvā catudhā bhinditvā tato ekekaṃ veṇukhaṇḍaṃ gahetvā phāletvā taṃ taṃ upakaraṇaṃ kareyya, evameva bhagavā satipaṭṭhānadesanāya sattānaṃ anekappakāravisesādhigamaṃ kattukāmo ekameva sammāsatiṃ cattāro satipaṭṭhānā. Katame cattāro? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharatītiādinā nayena ārammaṇavasena catudhā bhinditvā tato ekekaṃ satipaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvā vibhajanto kathaca bhikkhavetiādinā nayena niddesavāraṃ vattumāraddho.

Tattha kathacātiādi vitthāretukamyatā pucchā. Ayaṃ panettha saṅkhepattho bhikkhave, kena ca pakārena bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharatīti? Esa nayo sabbapucchāvāresu. Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhūti, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ sāsane bhikkhu. Ayahettha idha-saddo sabbappakārakāyānupassanānibbattakassa puggalassa sannissayabhūtasāsanaparidīpano aasāsanassa tathābhāvapaṭisedhano ca. Vuttahetaṃ idheva, bhikkhave, samaṇope suā parappavādā samaṇebhi aehīti (ma. ni. 1.139). Tena vuttaṃ imasmiṃ sāsane bhikkhūti.

Araagato vāpe suāgāragato vāti idamassa satipaṭṭhānabhāvanānurūpasenāsanapariggahaparidīpanaṃ. Imassa hi bhikkhuno dīgharattaṃ rūpādīsu ārammaṇesu anuvisaṭaṃ cittaṃ kammaṭṭhānavīthiṃ otarituṃ na icchati, kūṭagoṇayuttaratho viya uppathameva dhāvati, tasmā seyyathāpi nāma gopo kūṭadhenuyā sabbaṃ khīraṃ pivitvā vaḍḍhitaṃ kūṭavacchaṃ dametukāmo dhenuto apanetvā ekamante mahantaṃ thambhaṃ nikhaṇitvā tattha yottena bandheyya. Athassa so vaccho ito cito ca vipphanditvā palāyituṃ asakkonto tameva thambhaṃ upanisīdeyya vā upanipajjeyya vā, evameva imināpi bhikkhunā dīgharattaṃ rūpārammaṇādirasapānavaḍḍhitaṃ duṭṭhacittaṃ dametukāmena rūpādiārammaṇato apanetvā araaṃ vā rukkhamūlaṃ vā suāgāraṃ vā pavesetvā tattha satipaṭṭhānārammaṇatthambhe satiyottena bandhitabbaṃ. Evamassa taṃ cittaṃ ito cito ca vipphanditvāpi pubbe āciṇṇārammaṇaṃ alabhamānaṃ satiyottaṃ chinditvā palāyituṃ asakkontaṃ tamevārammaṇaṃ upacārappanāvasena upanisīdati ceva upanipajjati ca. Tenāhu porāṇā

Yathā thambhe nibandheyya, vacchaṃ damaṃ naro idha;

Bandheyyevaṃ sakaṃ cittaṃ, satiyārammaṇe daḷhanti.

Evamassa taṃ senāsanaṃ bhāvanānurūpaṃ hoti. Tena vuttaṃ idamassa satipaṭṭhānabhāvanānurūpasenāsanapariggahaparidīpananti.

Apica yasmā idaṃ kāyānupassanāya muddhabhūtaṃ sabbabuddhapaccekabuddhabuddhasāvakānaṃ visesādhigamadiṭṭhadhammasukhavihārapadaṭṭhānaṃ ānāpānassatikammaṭṭhānaṃ itthipurisahatthiassādisaddasamākulaṃ gāmantaṃ apariccajitvā na sukaraṃ sampādetuṃ, saddakaṇṭakattā jhānassa. Agāmake pana arae sukaraṃ yogāvacarena idaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ pariggahetvā ānāpānacatutthajjhānaṃ nibbattetvā tadeva jhānaṃ pādakaṃ katvā saṅkhāre sammasitvā aggaphalaṃ arahattaṃ pāpuṇituṃ. Tasmāssa anurūpasenāsanaṃ dassento bhagavā araagato vātiādimāha.

Vatthuvijjācariyo viya hi bhagavā. So yathā vatthuvijjācariyo nagarabhūmiṃ passitvā suṭṭhu upaparikkhitvā ettha nagaraṃ māpethāti upadisati, sotthinā ca nagare niṭṭhite rājakulato mahāsakkāraṃ labhati, evameva yogāvacarassa anurūpaṃ senāsanaṃ upaparikkhitvā ettha kammaṭṭhānaṃ anuyujitabbanti upadisati. Tato tattha kammaṭṭhānaṃ anuyujantena yoginā anukkamena arahatte patte sammāsambuddho vata so bhagavāti mahantaṃ sakkāraṃ labhati.

Ayaṃ pana bhikkhu dīpisadisoti vuccati. Yathā hi mahādīpirājā arae tiṇagahanaṃ vā vanagahanaṃ vā pabbatagahanaṃ vā nissāya nilīyitvā vanamahiṃsagokaṇṇasūkarādayo mige gaṇhāti, evameva ayaṃ araādīsu kammaṭṭhānaṃ anuyujanto bhikkhu yathākkamena cattāro magge ceva cattāri ariyaphalāni ca gaṇhāti. Tenāhu porāṇā

Yathāpi dīpiko nāma, nilīyitvā gaṇhatī mige;

Tathevāyaṃ buddhaputto, yuttayogo vipassako;

Araaṃ pavisitvāna, gaṇhāti phalamuttamanti.

Tenassa parakkamajavayoggabhūmiṃ araasenāsanaṃ dassento bhagavā araagato vātiādimāha. Ito paraṃ imasmiṃ tāva ānāpānapabbe yaṃ vattabbaṃ siyā, taṃ visuddhimagge vuttameva.

Tassa pana imesaṃ dīghaṃ vā assasanto dīghaṃ assasāmīti pajānātipe passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmīti sikkhatīti evaṃ vuttānaṃ assāsapassāsānaṃ vasena sikkhato assāsapassāsanimitte cattāri jhānāni uppajjanti. So jhānā vuṭṭhahitvā assāsapassāse vā pariggaṇhāti jhānaṅgāni vā. Tattha assāsapassāsakammiko ime assāsapassāsā kiṃ nissitā, vatthuṃ nissitā, vatthu nāma karajakāyo, karajakāyo nāma cattāri mahābhūtāni upādārūpacāti evaṃ rūpaṃ pariggaṇhāti, tato tadārammaṇe phassapacamake nāmanti evaṃ nāmarūpaṃ pariggahetvā tassa paccayaṃ pariyesanto avijjādipaṭiccasamuppādaṃ disvā paccayapaccayuppannadhammamattamevetaṃ, ao satto vā puggalo vā natthīti vitiṇṇakaṅkho sappaccayanāmarūpe tilakkhaṇaṃ āropetvā vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhento anukkamena arahattaṃ pāpuṇāti. Idaṃ ekassa bhikkhuno yāva arahattā niyyānamukhaṃ.

Jhānakammikopi imāni jhānaṅgāni kiṃ nissitāni, vatthuṃ nissitāni. Vatthu nāma karajakāyoti jhānaṅgāni nāmaṃ, karajakāyo rūpanti nāmarūpaṃ vavatthapetvā tassa paccayaṃ pariyesanto avijjādipaccayākāraṃ disvā paccayapaccayuppannadhammamattamevetaṃ, ao satto vā puggalo vā natthīti vitiṇṇakaṅkho sappaccayanāmarūpe tilakkhaṇaṃ āropetvā vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhento anukkamena arahattaṃ pāpuṇāti, idaṃ ekassa bhikkhuno yāva arahattā niyyānamukhaṃ.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ attano vā assāsapassāsakāye kāyānupassī viharati. Bahiddhā vāti parassa vā assāsapassāsakāye. Ajjhattabahiddhā vāti kālena attano, kālena parassa assāsapassāsakāye. Etenassa paguṇakammaṭṭhānaṃ aṭṭhapetvā aparāparaṃ sacaraṇakālo kathito. Ekasmiṃ kāle panidaṃ ubhayaṃ na labbhati.

Samudayadhammānupassī vāti yathā nāma kammārabhastaca gaggaranāḷica tajjaca vāyāmaṃ paṭicca vāto aparāparaṃ sacarati, evaṃ bhikkhuno karajakāyaca nāsāpuṭaca cittaca paṭicca assāsapassāsakāyo aparāparaṃ sacarati. Kāyādayo dhammā samudayadhammā, te passanto samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharatīti vuccati. Vayadhammānupassī vāti yathā bhastāya apanītāya gaggaranāḷiyā bhinnāya tajje ca vāyāme asati so vāto nappavattati , evameva kāye bhinne nāsāpuṭe viddhaste citte ca niruddhe assāsapassāsakāyo nāma nappavattatīti kāyādinirodhā assāsapassāsanirodhoti evaṃ passanto vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharatīti vuccati. Samudayavayadhammānupassī vāti kālena samudayaṃ, kālena vayaṃ anupassanto. Atthi kāyoti vā panassāti kāyova atthi, na satto, na puggalo, na itthī, na puriso, na attā, na attaniyaṃ, nāhaṃ, na mama, na koci, na kassacīti evamassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti.

Yāvadevāti payojanaparicchedavavatthāpanametaṃ. Idaṃ vuttaṃ hoti yā sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti, sā na aatthāya. Atha kho yāvadeva āṇamattāya aparāparaṃ uttaruttari āṇapamāṇatthāya ceva satipamāṇatthāya ca, satisampajaānaṃ vuḍḍhatthāyāti attho. Anissito ca viharatīti taṇhānissayadiṭṭhinissayānaṃ vasena anissito viharati. Na ca kici loke upādiyatīti lokasmiṃ kici rūpaṃ vāpe viāṇaṃ vā ayaṃ me attā vā attaniyaṃ vāti na gaṇhāti. Evampīti upariatthaṃ upādāya sampiṇḍanattho pikāro. Iminā pana padena bhagavā ānāpānapabbadesanaṃ niyyātetvā dasseti.

Tattha assāsapassāsapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccaṃ, tassā samuṭṭhāpikā purimataṇhā samudayasaccaṃ, ubhinnaṃ appavatti nirodhasaccaṃ, dukkhaparijānano samudayapajahano nirodhārammaṇo ariyamaggo maggasaccaṃ. Evaṃ catusaccavasena ussakkitvā nibbutiṃ pāpuṇātīti idamekassa assāsapassāsavasena abhiniviṭṭhassa bhikkhuno yāva arahattā niyyānamukhanti.

Ānāpānapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Iriyāpathapabbavaṇṇanā

 

 

(Qun thn)

V ny cc Tỷ-kheo, thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy, Tỷ-kheo đi đến khu rừng, đi đến gốc cy, hay đi đến ngi nh trống, v ngồi kiết gi, lưng thẳng v an tr chnh niệm trước mặt. Tỉnh gic, vị ấy thở v; tỉnh gic, vị ấy thở ra. Thở v di, vị ấy tuệ tri: "Ti thở v di"; hay thở ra di, vị ấy tuệ tri: "Ti thở ra di"; hay thở v ngắn, vị ấy tuệ tri: "Ti thở v ngắn"; hay thở ra ngắn, vị ấy tuệ tri: "Ti thở ra ngắn". "Cảm gic ton thn, ti sẽ thở v", vị ấy tập; "Cảm gic ton thn, ti sẽ thở ra", vị ấy tập; "An tịnh ton thn, ti sẽ thở v", vị ấy tập; "An tịnh ton thn, ti sẽ thở ra", vị ấy tập.

 Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như người thợ quay hay học tr người thợ quay thiện xảo khi quay di, tuệ tri: "Ti quay di" hay khi quay ngắn, tuệ tri: "Ti quay ngắn". Cũng vậy, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo thở v di, tuệ tri: "Ti thở v di"; hay thở ra di, tuệ tri: "Ti thở ra di"; hay thở v ngắn, tuệ tri: "Ti thở v ngắn"; hay thở ra ngắn, tuệ tri: "Ti thở ra ngắn". "Cảm gic ton thn, ti sẽ thở v", vị ấy tập; "Cảm gic ton thn, ti sẽ thở ra", vị ấy tập; "An tịnh ton thn, ti sẽ thở v", vị ấy tập; "An tịnh ton thn, ti sẽ thở ra", vị ấy tập.

 

 Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn cả nội thn, ngoại thn; hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

Kāyānupassanā iriyāpathapabbaṃ

108. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gacchanto vā gacchāmīti pajānāti, ṭhito vā ṭhitomhīti pajānāti, nisinno vā nisinnomhīti pajānāti, sayāno vā sayānomhīti pajānāti. Yathā yathā vā panassa kāyo paṇihito hoti tathā tathā naṃ pajānāti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati. Atthi kāyoti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Iriyāpathapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ. 

 

 Iriyāpathapabbavaṇṇanā

108. Evaṃ assāsapassāsavasena kāyānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni iriyāpathavasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha. Tattha kāmaṃ soṇasiṅgālādayopi gacchantā gacchāmāti jānanti. Na panetaṃ evarūpaṃ jānanaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ. Evarūpahi jānanaṃ sattūpaladdhiṃ na pajahati , attasaaṃ na ugghāṭeti , kammaṭṭhānaṃ vā satipaṭṭhānabhāvanā vā na hoti. Imassa pana bhikkhuno jānanaṃ sattūpaladdhiṃ pajahati, attasaaṃ ugghāṭeti, kammaṭṭhānaceva satipaṭṭhānabhāvanā ca hoti. Idahi ko gacchati, kassa gamanaṃ, kiṃ kāraṇā gacchatīti evaṃ sampajānanaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ. Ṭhānādīsupi eseva nayo.

Tattha ko gacchatīti na koci satto vā puggalo vā gacchati. Kassa gamananti na kassaci sattassa vā puggalassa vā gamanaṃ. Kiṃ kāraṇā gacchatīti cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena gacchati. Tasmā esa evaṃ pajānāti gacchāmīti cittaṃ uppajjati, taṃ vāyaṃ janeti, vāyo viattiṃ janeti, cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena sakalakāyassa purato abhinīhāro gamananti vuccati. Ṭhānādīsupi eseva nayo.

Tatrāpi hi tiṭṭhāmīti cittaṃ uppajjati, taṃ vāyaṃ janeti, vāyo viattiṃ janeti, cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena sakalakāyassa koṭito paṭṭhāya ussitabhāvo ṭhānanti vuccati. Nisīdāmīti cittaṃ uppajjati, taṃ vāyaṃ janeti, vāyo viattiṃ janeti, cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena heṭṭhimakāyassa samijanaṃ uparimakāyassa ussitabhāvo nisajjāti vuccati. Sayāmīti cittaṃ uppajjati, taṃ vāyaṃ janeti, vāyo viattiṃ janeti, cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena sakalasarīrassa tiriyato pasāraṇaṃ sayananti vuccatīti.

Tassa evaṃ pajānato evaṃ hoti satto gacchati satto tiṭṭhatīti vuccati. Atthi pana koci satto gacchanto vā ṭhito vā natthi. Yathā pana sakaṭaṃ gacchati sakaṭaṃ tiṭṭhatīti vuccati, na ca kici sakaṭaṃ nāma gacchantaṃ vā tiṭṭhantaṃ vā atthi. Cattāro pana goṇe yojetvā chekamhi sārathimhi pājente sakaṭaṃ gacchati sakaṭaṃ tiṭṭhatīti vohāramattameva hoti, evameva ajānanaṭṭhena sakaṭaṃ viya kāyo. Goṇā viya cittajavātā. Sārathi viya cittaṃ. Gacchāmi tiṭṭhāmīti citte uppanne vāyodhātu viattiṃ janayamānā uppajjati, cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena gamanādīni pavattanti. Tato satto gacchati, satto tiṭṭhati, ahaṃ gacchāmi, ahaṃ tiṭṭhāmīti vohāramattaṃ hotīti. Tenāha

Nāvā mālutavegena, jiyāvegena tejanaṃ;

Yathā yāti tathā kāyo, yāti vātāhato ayaṃ.

Yantaṃ suttavaseneva, cittasuttavasenidaṃ;

Payuttaṃ kāyayantampi, yāti ṭhāti nisīdati.

Ko nāma ettha so satto, yo vinā hetupaccaye;

Attano ānubhāvena, tiṭṭhe vā yadi vā vajeti.

Tasmā evaṃ hetupaccayavaseneva pavattāni gamanādīni sallakkhento esa gacchanto vā gacchāmīti pajānāti, ṭhito vā, nisinno vā, sayāno vā sayānomhīti pajānātīti veditabbo.

Yathā yathā vā panassa kāyo paṇihito hoti, tathā tathā naṃ pajānātīti sabbasaṅgāhikavacanametaṃ. Idaṃ vuttaṃ hoti yena yena vā ākārena tassa kāyo ṭhito hoti, tena tena naṃ pajānāti. Gamanākārena ṭhitaṃ gacchatīti pajānāti. Ṭhānanisajjāsayanākārena ṭhitaṃ sayānoti pajānātīti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ attano vā catuiriyāpathapariggaṇhanena kāye kāyānupassī viharati. Bahiddhā vāti parassa vā catuiriyāpathapariggaṇhanena. Ajjhattabahiddhā vāti kālena attano, kālena parassa catuiriyāpathapariggaṇhanena kāye kāyānupassī viharati. Samudayadhammānupassī vātiādīsu pana avijjāsamudayā rūpasamudayotiādinā (paṭi. ma. 1.49) nayena pacahākārehi rūpakkhandhassa samudayo ca vayo ca nīharitabbo. Tahi sandhāya idha samudayadhammānupassī vātiādi vuttaṃ. Atthi kāyoti vā panassātiādi vuttasadisameva.

Idha pana catuiriyāpathapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccaṃ, tassā samuṭṭhāpikā purimataṇhā samudayasaccaṃ , ubhinnaṃ appavatti nirodhasaccaṃ, dukkhaparijānano samudayapajahano nirodhārammaṇo ariyamaggo maggasaccaṃ. Evaṃ catusaccavasena ussakkitvā nibbutiṃ pāpuṇātīti idamekassa catūiriyāpathapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno yāva arahattā niyyānamukhanti.

Iriyāpathapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

 

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo đi, tuệ tri: "Ti đi", hay đứng, tuệ tri: "Ti đứng", hay ngồi, tuệ tri: "Ti ngồi", hay nằm, tuệ tri: "Ti nằm". Thn thể được sử dụng như thế no, vị ấy tuệ tri thn như thế ấy.

Vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay vị ấy sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn; hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay vị ấy sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

 

Kāyānupassanā sampajānapabba

109. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samijite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharatipe evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Sampajānapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

Kāyānupassanā paṭikūlamanasikārapabbaṃ

 

109. Evaṃ iriyāpathavasena kāyānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni catusampajaavasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha. Tattha abhikkante paṭikkanteti ettha tāva abhikkantaṃ vuccati gamanaṃ. Paṭikkantaṃ nivattanaṃ. Tadubhayampi catūsu iriyāpathesu labbhati. Gamane tāva purato kāyaṃ abhiharanto abhikkamati nāma. Paṭinivattento paṭikkamati nāma. Ṭhānepi ṭhitakova kāyaṃ purato onāmento abhikkamati nāma. Pacchato apanāmento paṭikkamati nāma. Nisajjāyapi nisinnakova āsanassa purimaaṅgābhimukho saṃsaranto abhikkamati nāma. Pacchimaaṅgappadesaṃ pacchā saṃsaranto paṭikkamati nāma. Nipajjāyapi eseva nayo.

Sampajānakārī hotīti sampajaena sabbakiccakārī, sampajaameva vā kārī. So hi abhikkantādīsu sampajaaṃ karoteva, na katthaci sampajaavirahito hoti. Tattha sātthakasampajaaṃ sappāyasampajaaṃ gocarasampajaaṃ asammohasampajaanti catubbidhaṃ sampajaaṃ. Tattha abhikkamanacitte uppanne cittavaseneva agantvā kiṃ nu me ettha gatena attho atthi natthīti atthānatthaṃ pariggaṇhitvā atthapariggahaṇaṃ sātthakasampajaaṃ. Tattha ca atthoti cetiyadassanabodhidassanasaṅghadassana-theradassanaasubhadassanādivasena dhammato vaḍḍhi. Cetiyaṃ vā bodhiṃ vā disvāpi hi buddhārammaṇaṃ saṅghadassanena saṅghārammaṇaṃ pītiṃ uppādetvā tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahattaṃ pāpuṇāti. There disvā tesaṃ ovāde patiṭṭhāya asubhaṃ disvā tattha paṭhamajjhānaṃ uppādetvā tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahattaṃ pāpuṇāti. Tasmā etesaṃ dassanaṃ sātthakaṃ. Keci pana āmisatopi vaḍḍhi atthoyeva, taṃ nissāya brahmacariyānuggahāya paṭipannattāti vadanti.

Tasmiṃ pana gamane sappāyāsappāyaṃ pariggaṇhitvā sappāyapariggahaṇaṃ sappāyasampajaaṃ. Seyyathidaṃ, cetiyadassanaṃ tāva sātthakaṃ. Sace pana cetiyassa mahāpūjāya dasadvādasayojanantare parisā sannipatanti. Attano vibhavānurūpaṃ itthiyopi purisāpi alaṅkatappaṭiyattā cittakammarūpakāni viya sacaranti. Tatra cassa iṭṭhe ārammaṇe lobho, aniṭṭhe paṭigho, asamapekkhane moho uppajjati, kāyasaṃsaggāpattiṃ vā āpajjati, jīvitabrahmacariyānaṃ vā antarāyo hoti, evaṃ taṃ ṭhānaṃ asappāyaṃ hoti. Vuttappakāraantarāyābhāve sappāyaṃ. Bodhidassanepi eseva nayo. Saṅghadassanampi sātthaṃ. Sace pana antogāme mahāmaṇḍapaṃ kāretvā sabbarattiṃ dhammassavanaṃ kārentesu manussesu vuttappakāreneva janasannipāto ceva antarāyo ca hoti, evaṃ taṃ ṭhānaṃ asappāyaṃ. Antarāyābhāve sappāyaṃ. Mahāparisaparivārānaṃ therānaṃ dassanepi eseva nayo.

Asubhadassanampi sātthaṃ. Tadatthadīpanatthaca idaṃ vatthu eko kira daharabhikkhu sāmaṇeraṃ gahetvā dantakaṭṭhatthāya gato. Sāmaṇero maggā okkamitvā purato gacchanto asubhaṃ disvā paṭhamajjhānaṃ nibbattetvā tadeva pādakaṃ katvā saṅkhāre sammasanto tīṇi phalāni sacchikatvā uparimaggatthāya kammaṭṭhānaṃ pariggahetvā aṭṭhāsi. Daharo taṃ apassanto sāmaṇerāti pakkosi. So mayā pabbajitadivasato paṭṭhāya bhikkhunā saddhiṃ dve kathā nāma na kathitapubbā. Aasmimpi divase uparivisesaṃ nibbattessāmīti cintetvā kiṃ, bhanteti paṭivacanaṃ adāsi. Ehīti ca vutte ekavacaneneva āgantvā bhante, iminā tāva maggena gantvā mayā ṭhitokāse muhuttaṃ puratthābhimukho ṭhatvā olokethāti āha. So tathā katvā tena pattavisesameva pāpuṇi. Evaṃ ekaṃ asubhaṃ dvinnaṃ janānaṃ atthāya jāyati. Evaṃ sātthampi panetaṃ purisassa mātugāmāsubhaṃ asappāyaṃ. Mātugāmassa ca purisāsubhaṃ sabhāgameva sappāyanti evaṃ sappāyapariggahaṇaṃ sappāyasampajaaṃ nāma.

Evaṃ pariggahitasātthasappāyassa pana aṭṭhatiṃsāya kammaṭṭhānesu attano cittarucitakammaṭṭhānasaṅkhātaṃ gocaraṃ uggahetvā bhikkhācāragocare taṃ gahetvā gamanaṃ gocarasampajaaṃ nāma. Tassāvibhāvatthaṃ idaṃ catukkaṃ veditabbaṃ. Idhekacco bhikkhu harati na paccāharati , ekacco na harati paccāharati , ekacco neva harati na paccāharati, ekacco harati ca paccāharati ca.

Tattha yo bhikkhu divasaṃ caṅkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaṃ parisodhetvā tathā rattiyā paṭhamaṃ yāmaṃ majjhime yāme seyyaṃ kappetvā pacchimayāmepi nisajjācaṅkamehi vītināmetvā pageva cetiyaṅgaṇabodhiyaṅgaṇavattaṃ katvā bodhirukkhe udakaṃ abhisicitvā pānīyaṃ paribhojanīyaṃ paccupaṭṭhapetvā ācariyupajjhāyavattādīni sabbāni khandhakavattāni samādāya vattati. So sarīraparikammaṃ katvā senāsanaṃ pavisitvā dve tayo pallaṅke usumaṃ gāhāpento kammaṭṭhānaṃ anuyujitvā bhikkhācāravelāya uṭṭhahitvā kammaṭṭhānasīseneva pattacīvaramādāya senāsanato nikkhamitvā kammaṭṭhānaṃ manasikarontova cetiyaṅgaṇaṃ gantvā sace buddhānussatikammaṭṭhānaṃ hoti, taṃ avissajjetvāva cetiyaṅgaṇaṃ pavisati. Aaṃ ce kammaṭṭhānaṃ hoti, sopānapādamūle ṭhatvā hatthena gahitabhaṇḍaṃ viya taṃ ṭhapetvā buddhārammaṇaṃ pītiṃ gahetvā cetiyaṅgaṇaṃ āruyha mahantaṃ cetiyaṃ ce, tikkhattuṃ padakkhiṇaṃ katvā catūsu ṭhānesu vanditabbaṃ. Khuddakaṃ cetiyaṃ ce, tatheva padakkhiṇaṃ katvā aṭṭhasu ṭhānesu vanditabbaṃ. Cetiyaṃ vanditvā bodhiyaṅgaṇaṃ pattenāpi buddhassa bhagavato sammukhā viya nipaccakāraṃ dassetvā bodhi vanditabbo. So evaṃ cetiyaca bodhica vanditvā paṭisāmitaṭṭhānaṃ gantvā paṭisāmitabhaṇḍakaṃ hatthena gaṇhanto viya nikkhittakammaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvā gāmasamīpe kammaṭṭhānasīseneva cīvaraṃ pārupitvā gāmaṃ piṇḍāya pavisati.

Atha naṃ manussā disvā ayyo no āgatoti paccuggantvā pattaṃ gahetvā āsanasālāyaṃ vā gehe vā nisīdāpetvā yāguṃ datvā yāva bhattaṃ na niṭṭhāti, tāva pāde dhovitvā telena makkhetvā purato nisīditvā pahaṃ vā pucchanti, dhammaṃ vā sotukāmā honti. Sacepi na kathāpenti, janasaṅgahatthaṃ dhammakathā nāma kātabbāyevāti aṭṭhakathācariyā vadanti. Dhammakathā hi kammaṭṭhānavinimuttā nāma natthi . Tasmā kammaṭṭhānasīseneva dhammaṃ kathetvā kammaṭṭhānasīseneva āhāraṃ paribhujitvā anumodanaṃ katvā nivattiyamānehipi manussehi anugatova gāmato nikkhamitvā tattheva nivattetvā maggaṃ paṭipajjati. Atha naṃ puretaraṃ nikkhamitvā bahigāme katabhattakiccā sāmaṇeradaharabhikkhū disvā paccuggantvā pattacīvaramassa gaṇhanti.

Porāṇā bhikkhū kira na amhākaṃ upajjhāyo ācariyoti mukhaṃ ulloketvā vattaṃ karonti. Sampattaparicchedeneva karonti. Te taṃ pucchanti bhante, ete manussā tumhākaṃ kiṃ honti mātupakkhato sambandhā pitipakkhatoti. Kiṃ disvā pucchathāti. Tumhesu etesaṃ pemaṃ bahumānanti. Āvuso, yaṃ mātāpitūhipi dukkaraṃ, taṃ ete amhākaṃ karonti, pattacīvarampi no etesaṃ santakameva, etesaṃ ānubhāvena neva bhaye bhayaṃ, na chātake chātakaṃ jānāma, edisā nāma amhākaṃ upakārino natthīti tesaṃ guṇe kathento gacchati, ayaṃ vuccati harati na paccāharatīti.

Yassa pana pageva vuttappakāraṃ vattapaṭipattiṃ karontassa kammajatejo pajjalati, anupādinnakaṃ mucitvā upādinnakaṃ gaṇhāti, sarīrato sedā muccanti, kammaṭṭhānavīthiṃ nārohati, so pageva pattacīvaramādāya vegasāva cetiyaṃ vanditvā gorūpānaṃ nikkhamanavelāyameva gāmaṃ yāgubhikkhāya pavisitvā yāguṃ labhitvā āsanasālaṃ gantvā pivati. Athassa dvattikkhattuṃ ajjhoharaṇamatteneva kammajatejo upādinnakaṃ mucitvā anupādinnakaṃ gaṇhāti. Ghaṭasatena nhāto viya tejodhātupariḷāhanibbāpanaṃ patvā kammaṭṭhānasīsena yāguṃ paribhujitvā pattaca mukhaca dhovitvā antarābhatte kammaṭṭhānaṃ manasikatvā avasesaṭṭhāne piṇḍāya caritvā kammaṭṭhānasīsena āhāraṃ paribhujitvā tato paṭṭhāya poṅkhānupoṅkhaṃ upaṭṭhahamānaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvāva āgacchati, ayaṃ vuccati na harati paccāharatīti. Edisā ca bhikkhū yāguṃ pivitvā vipassanaṃ ārabhitvā buddhasāsane arahattaṃ pattā nāma gaṇanapathaṃ vītivattā, sīhaḷadīpeyeva tesu tesu gāmesu āsanasālāyaṃ na taṃ āsanaṃ atthi, yattha yāguṃ pivitvā arahattappattabhikkhū natthīti.

Yo pana pamādavihārī hoti nikkhittadhuro, sabbavattāni bhinditvā pacavidhacetokhilavinibandhacitto viharanto kammaṭṭhānaṃ nāma atthītipi saaṃ akatvā gāmaṃ piṇḍāya pavisitvā ananulomikena gihisaṃsaggena saṃsaṭṭho caritvā ca bhujitvā ca tuccho nikkhamati, ayaṃ vuccati neva harati na paccāharatīti.

Yo panāyaṃ harati ca paccāharati cāti vutto, so gatapaccāgatikavattavasena veditabbo. Attakāmā hi kulaputtā sāsane pabbajitvā dasapi vīsampi tiṃsampi cattālīsampi paāsampi satampi ekato vasantā katikavattaṃ katvā viharanti, āvuso, tumhe na iṇaṭṭhā na bhayaṭṭā na jīvikāpakatā pabbajitā, dukkhā muccitukāmā panettha pabbajitā, tasmā gamane uppannakilesaṃ gamaneyeva niggaṇhatha, ṭhāne, nisajjāyaṃ, sayane uppannakilesaṃ sayaneyeva niggaṇhathāti. Te evaṃ katikavattaṃ katvā bhikkhācāraṃ gacchantā aḍḍhausabhausabhaaḍḍhagāvutagāvutantaresu pāsāṇā honti. Tāya saāya kammaṭṭhānaṃ manasikarontāva gacchanti. Sace kassaci gamane kileso uppajjati, tattheva naṃ niggaṇhāti. Tathā asakkonto tiṭṭhati. Athassa pacchato āgacchantopi tiṭṭhati. So ayaṃ bhikkhu tuyhaṃ uppannavitakkaṃ jānāti, ananucchavikaṃ te etanti attānaṃ paṭicodetvā vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā tattheva ariyabhūmiṃ okkamati. Tathā asakkonto nisīdati. Athassa pacchato āgacchantopi nisīdatīti soyeva nayo. Ariyabhūmiṃ okkamituṃ asakkontopi taṃ kilesaṃ vikkhambhetvā kammaṭṭhānaṃ manasikarontova gacchati. Na kammaṭṭhānavippayuttena cittena pādaṃ uddharati. Uddharati ce, paṭinivattetvā purimapadesaṃ yeva eti āḷindakavāsī mahāphussadevatthero viya.

So kira ekūnavīsativassāni gatapaccāgatikavattaṃ pūrento eva vihāsi. Manussāpi sudaṃ antarāmagge kasantā ca vapantā ca maddantā ca kammāni ca karontā theraṃ tathāgacchantaṃ disvā ayaṃ thero punappunaṃ nivattitvā gacchati. Kiṃ nu kho maggamūḷho udāhu kici pamuṭṭhoti samullapanti. So taṃ anādiyitvā kammaṭṭhānayuttacitteneva samaṇadhammaṃ karonto vīsativassabbhantare arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Arahattappattadivaseyevassa caṅkamanakoṭiyaṃ adhivatthā devatā aṅgulīhi dīpaṃ ujjāletvā aṭṭhāsi. Cattāropi mahārājāno sakko ca devānamindo brahmā ca sahampati upaṭṭhānaṃ agamaṃsu. Taca obhāsaṃ disvā vanavāsīmahātissatthero taṃ dutiyadivase pucchi rattibhāge āyasmato santike obhāso ahosi, kiṃ so obhāsoti . Thero vikkhepaṃ karonto obhāso nāma dīpobhāsopi hoti maṇiobhāsopīti evamādimāha. Tato paṭicchādetha tumheti nibaddho āmāti paṭijānitvā ārocesi kālavallimaṇḍapavāsī mahānāgatthero viya ca.

Sopi kira gatapaccāgatikavattaṃ pūrento paṭhamaṃ tāva bhagavato mahāpadhānaṃ pūjessāmīti satta vassāni ṭhānacaṅkamanameva adhiṭṭhāsi. Puna soḷasa vassāni gatapaccāgatikavattaṃ pūretvā arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. So kammaṭṭhānayutteneva cittena pādaṃ uddharanto viyuttena uddhate paṭinivattanto gāmassa samīpaṃ gantvā gāvī nu pabbajito nūti āsaṅkanīyapadese ṭhatvā cīvaraṃ pārupitvā kacchakantarato udakena pattaṃ dhovitvā udakagaṇḍūsaṃ karoti. Kiṃ kāraṇā? Mā me bhikkhaṃ dātuṃ vandituṃ vā āgate manusse dīghāyukā hothāti vacanamattenāpi kammaṭṭhānavikkhepo ahosīti. Ajja, bhante, katimīti divasaṃ vā bhikkhugaṇanaṃ vā pahe vā pucchito pana udakaṃ gilitvā ārocesi. Sace divasādipucchakā na honti, nikkhamanavelāya gāmadvāre niṭṭhubhitvāva yāti kalambatitthavihāre vassūpagatapaāsabhikkhū viya.

Te kira āsāḷhīpuṇṇamāyaṃ katikavattaṃ akaṃsu arahattaṃ appatvā aamaaṃ na ālapissāmāti. Gāmaca piṇḍāya pavisantā udakagaṇḍūsaṃ katvā pavisiṃsu. Divasādīsu pucchitesu vuttanayeneva paṭipajjiṃsu. Tattha manussā niṭṭhubhanaṃ disvā jāniṃsu, ajjeko āgato, ajja dveti. Evaca cintesuṃ kiṃ nu kho ete amhehiyeva saddhiṃ na sallapanti, udāhu aamaampi, yadi aamaaṃ na sallapanti, addhā vivādajātā bhavissanti, etha ne aamaaṃ khamāpessāmāti sabbe vihāraṃ gantvā paāsāya bhikkhusu dvepi bhikkhū ekokāse nāddasaṃsu. Tato yo tesu cakkhumā puriso, so āha na bho kalahakārakānaṃ okāso īdiso hoti, susammaṭṭhaṃ cetiyaṅgaṇaṃ bodhiyaṅgaṇaṃ, sunikkhittā sammajjaniyo, sūpaṭṭhapitaṃ pānīyaṃ paribhojanīyanti. Te tatova nivattā, tepi bhikkhū antotemāseyeva arahattaṃ patvā mahāpavāraṇāya visuddhipavāraṇaṃ pavāresuṃ.

Evaṃ kālavallimaṇḍapavāsī mahānāgatthero viya kalambatitthavihāre vassūpagatabhikkhū viya ca kammaṭṭhānayutteneva cittena pādaṃ uddharanto gāmasamīpaṃ patvā udakagaṇḍūsaṃ katvā vīthiyo sallakkhetvā yattha surāsoṇḍadhuttādayo kalahakārakā caṇḍahatthiassādayo vā natthi, taṃ vīthiṃ paṭipajjati. Tattha ca piṇḍāya caramāno na turitaturito viya javena gacchati. Na hi javena piṇḍapātiyadhutaṅgaṃ nāma kici atthi. Visamabhūmibhāgappattaṃ pana udakasakaṭaṃ viya niccalo hutvā gacchati. Anugharaṃ paviṭṭho ca taṃ dātukāmaṃ vā adātukāmaṃ vā sallakkhetuṃ tadanurūpaṃ kālaṃ āgamento bhikkhaṃ gahetvā antogāme vā bahigāme vā vihārameva vā āgantvā yathāphāsuke patirūpe okāse nisīditvā kammaṭṭhānaṃ manasikaronto āhāre paṭikūlasaaṃ upaṭṭhāpetvā akkhabbhajanavaṇalepanaputtamaṃsūpamāvasena naṃ paccavekkhanto aṭṭhaṅgasamannāgataṃ āhāraṃ āhāreti, neva davāya na madāya na maṇḍanāya na vibhūsanāya. Bhuttāvī ca udakakiccaṃ katvā muhuttaṃ bhattakilamathaṃ paṭippassambhetvā yathā purebhattaṃ, evaṃ pacchābhattaṃ. Yathā purimayāmaṃ, evaṃ pacchimayāmaca kammaṭṭhānameva manasi karoti, ayaṃ vuccati harati ca paccāharati cāti.

Idaṃ pana haraṇapaccāharaṇasaṅkhātaṃ gatapaccāgatikavattaṃ pūrento yadi upanissayasampanno hoti. Paṭhamavaye eva arahattaṃ pāpuṇāti. No ce paṭhamavaye pāpuṇāti, atha majjhimavaye. No ce majjhimavaye pāpuṇāti, atha pacchimavaye. No ce pacchimavaye pāpuṇāti, atha maraṇasamaye. No ce maraṇasamaye pāpuṇāti, atha devaputto hutvā. No ce devaputto hutvā pāpuṇāti, anuppanne buddhe nibbatto paccekabodhiṃ sacchikaroti. No ce paccekabodhiṃ sacchikaroti, atha buddhānaṃ sammukhībhāve khippābhio vā hoti seyyathāpi thero bāhiyo dārucīriyo, mahāpao vā seyyathāpi thero sāriputto, mahiddhiko vā seyyathāpi thero mahāmoggallāno, dhutaṅgadharo vā seyyathāpi thero mahākassapo, dibbacakkhuko vā seyyathāpi thero anuruddho, vinayadharo vā seyyathāpi thero upāli, dhammakathiko vā seyyathāpi thero puṇṇo mantāṇiputto, āraiko vā seyyathāpi thero revato, bahussuto vā seyyathāpi thero ānando, sikkhākāmo vā seyyathāpi thero rāhulo buddhaputtoti. Iti imasmiṃ catukke yvāyaṃ harati ca paccāharati ca, tassa gocarasampajaaṃ sikhāpattaṃ hoti.

Abhikkamādīsu pana asammuyhanaṃ asammohasampajaaṃ. Taṃ evaṃ veditabbaṃ idha bhikkhu abhikkamanto vā paṭikkamanto vā yathā andhaputhujjanā abhikkamādīsu attā abhikkamati, attanā abhikkamo nibbattitoti vā ahaṃ abhikkamāmi, mayā abhikkamo nibbattitoti vā sammuyhanti. Tathā asammuyhanto abhikkamāmīti citte uppajjamāne teneva cittena saddhiṃ cittasamuṭṭhānā vāyodhātu viattiṃ janayamānā uppajjati, iti cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāravasena ayaṃ kāyasammato aṭṭhisaṅghāto abhikkamati, tassevaṃ abhikkamato ekekapāduddharaṇe pathavīdhātu āpodhātūti dve dhātuyo omattā honti mandā, itarā dve adhimattā honti balavatiyo, tathā atiharaṇavītiharaṇesu. Vossajjane tejovāyodhātuyo omattā honti mandā, itarā dve adhimattā honti balavatiyo. Tathā sannikkhepanasannirumbhanesu. Tattha uddharaṇe pavattā rūpārūpadhammā atiharaṇaṃ na pāpuṇanti. Tathā atiharaṇe pavattā vītiharaṇaṃ, vītiharaṇe pavattā vossajjanaṃ, vossajjane pavattā sannikkhepanaṃ, sannikkhepane pavattā sannirumbhanaṃ na pāpuṇanti. Tattha tattheva pabbaṃ pabbaṃ sandhi sandhi odhi odhi hutvā tattakapāle pakkhittatilāni viya paṭapaṭāyantā bhijjanti. Tattha ko eko abhikkamati? Kassa vā ekassa abhikkamanaṃ? Paramatthato hi dhātūnaṃyeva gamanaṃ, dhātūnaṃ ṭhānaṃ, dhātūnaṃ nisajjanaṃ, dhātūnaṃ sayanaṃ, tasmiṃ tasmihi koṭṭhāse saddhiṃ rūpena

Aaṃ uppajjate cittaṃ, aaṃ cittaṃ nirujjhati;

Avīcimanusambandho, nadīsotova vattatīti.

Evaṃ abhikkamādīsu asammuyhanaṃ asammohasampajaaṃ nāmāti;

Niṭṭhito abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hotīti padassa attho;

Ālokite vilokiteti ettha pana ālokitaṃ nāma purato pekkhanaṃ. Vilokitaṃ nāma anudisāpekkhanaṃ. Aānipi heṭṭhā upari pacchato pekkhanavasena olokitaullokitāpalokitāni nāma honti, tāni idha na gahitāni. Sāruppavasena pana imāneva dve gahitāni, iminā vā mukhena sabbānipi tāni gahitānevāti.

Tattha ālokessāmīti citte uppanne cittavaseneva anoloketvā atthapariggahaṇaṃ sātthakasampajaaṃ. Taṃ āyasmantaṃ nandaṃ kāyasakkhiṃ katvā veditabbaṃ. Vuttahetaṃ bhagavatā sace, bhikkhave, nandassa puratthimā disā āloketabbā hoti, sabbaṃ cetasā samannāharitvā nando puratthimaṃ disaṃ āloketi, evaṃ me puratthimaṃ disaṃ ālokayato na abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyunti iti so tattha sampajāno hoti, sace, bhikkhave, nandassa pacchimā disā, uttarā disā, dakkhiṇā disā, uddhaṃ, adho, anudisā āloketabbā hoti, sabbaṃ cetaso samannāharitvā nando anudisaṃ āloketi. Evaṃ me anudisaṃ ālokayatope sampajāno hotīti (a. ni. 8.9).

Apica idhāpi pubbe vuttacetiyadassanādivaseneva sātthakatā ca sappāyatā ca veditabbā. Kammaṭṭhānassa pana avijahanameva gocarasampajaaṃ. Tasmā khandhadhātuāyatanakammaṭṭhānikehi attano kammaṭṭhānavaseneva, kasiṇādikammaṭṭhānikehi vā pana kammaṭṭhānasīseneva ālokanavilokanaṃ kātabbaṃ. Abbhantare attā nāma āloketā vā viloketā vā natthi, ālokessāmīti pana citte uppajjamāne teneva cittena saddhiṃ cittasamuṭṭhānā vāyodhātu viattiṃ janayamānā uppajjati. Iti cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāravaseneva heṭṭhimaṃ akkhidalaṃ adho sīdati, uparimaṃ uddhaṃ laṅgheti, koci yantakena vivaranto nāma natthi, tato cakkhuviāṇaṃ dassanakiccaṃ sādhentaṃ uppajjatīti. Evaṃ sampajānanaṃ panettha asammohasampajaaṃ nāma.

Apica mūlapariāāgantukatāvakālikabhāvavasenapettha asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ. Mūlapariāvasena tāva

Bhavaṅgāvajjanaceva, dassanaṃ sampaṭicchanaṃ;

Santīraṇaṃ voṭṭhabbanaṃ, javanaṃ bhavati sattamaṃ.

Tattha bhavaṅgaṃ upapattibhavassa aṅgakiccaṃ sādhayamānaṃ pavattati, taṃ āvaṭṭetvā kiriyamanodhātu āvajjanakiccaṃ sādhayamānā, tannirodhā cakkhuviāṇaṃ dassanakiccaṃ sādhayamānaṃ , tannirodhā vipākamanodhātu sampaṭicchanakiccaṃ sādhayamānā, tannirodhā vipākamanoviāṇadhātu santīraṇakiccaṃ sādhayamānā, tannirodhā kiriyamanoviāṇadhātu voṭṭhabbapanakiccaṃ sādhayamānā, tannirodhā sattakkhattuṃ javanaṃ javati. Tattha paṭhamajavanepi ayaṃ itthī, ayaṃ purisoti rajjanadussanamuyhanavasena ālokitavilokitaṃ na hoti. Dutiyajavanepipe sattamajavanepi. Etesu pana yuddhamaṇḍale yodhesu viya heṭṭhupariyavasena bhijjitvā patitesu ayaṃ itthī, ayaṃ purisoti rajjanādivasena ālokitavilokitaṃ hoti. Evaṃ tāvettha mūlapariāvasena asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Cakkhudvāre pana rūpe āpāthagate bhavaṅgacalanato uddhaṃ sakakiccaṃ nipphādanavasena āvajjanādīsu uppajjitvā niruddhesu avasāne javanaṃ uppajjati. Taṃ pubbe uppannānaṃ āvajjanādīnaṃ gehabhūte cakkhudvāre āgantukapuriso viya hoti. Tassa yathā paragehe kici yācituṃ paviṭṭhassa āgantukapurisassa gehasāmikesu tuṇhīmāsinesu āṇākaraṇaṃ na yuttaṃ. Evaṃ āvajjanādīnaṃ gehabhūte cakkhudvāre āvajjanādīsupi arajjantesu adussantesu amuyhantesu ca rajjanadussanamuyhanaṃ ayuttanti evaṃ āgantukabhāvavasena asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Yāni pana tāni cakkhudvāre voṭṭhabbapanapariyosānāni cittāni uppajjanti, tāni saddhiṃ sampayuttadhammehi tattha tattheva bhijjanti, aamaaṃ na passantīti ittarāni tāvakālikāni honti. Tattha yathā ekasmiṃ ghare sabbesu mānusakesu matesu avasesassa ekassa taṅkhaṇeeva maraṇadhammassa na yuttā naccagītādīsu abhirati nāma, evameva ekadvāre sasampayuttesu āvajjanādīsu tattha tattheva matesu avasesassa taṅkhaṇeeva maraṇadhammassa javanassāpi rajjanadussanamuyhanavasena abhirati nāma na yuttāti evaṃ tāvakālikabhāvavasena asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Apica khandhāyatanadhātupaccayapaccavekkhaṇavasenapetaṃ veditabbaṃ. Ettha hi cakkhu ceva rūpaca rūpakkhandho, dassanaṃ viāṇakkhandho, taṃsampayuttā vedanā vedanākkhandho, saā saākkhandho, phassādikā saṅkhārakkhandho. Evametesaṃ pacannaṃ khandhānaṃ samavāye ālokanavilokanaṃ paāyati. Tattha ko eko āloketi, ko viloketi? Tathā cakkhu cakkhāyatanaṃ, rūpaṃ rūpāyatanaṃ, dassanaṃ manāyatanaṃ, vedanādayo sampayuttadhammā dhammāyatanaṃ. Evametesaṃ catunnaṃ āyatanānaṃ samavāye ālokanavilokanaṃ paāyati. Tattha ko eko āloketi, ko viloketi? Tathā cakkhu cakkhudhātu, rūpaṃ rūpadhātu, dassanaṃ cakkhuviāṇadhātu, taṃsampayuttā vedanādayo dhammadhātu. Evametāsaṃ catunnaṃ dhātūnaṃ samavāye ālokanavilokanaṃ paāyati. Tattha ko eko āloketi, ko viloketi? Tathā cakkhu nissayapaccayo, rūpaṃ ārammaṇapaccayo, āvajjanaṃ anantarasamanantarūpanissayanatthivigatapaccayo, āloko upanissayapaccayo vedanādayo sahajātapaccayo. Evametesaṃ paccayānaṃ samavāye ālokanavilokanaṃ paāyati. Tattha ko eko āloketi, ko viloketīti? Evamettha khandhāyatanadhātupaccayapaccavekkhaṇavasenapi  asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Samijite pasāriteti pabbānaṃ samijanapasāraṇe. Tattha cittavaseneva samijanapasāraṇaṃ akatvā hatthapādānaṃ samijanapasāraṇapaccayā atthānatthaṃ pariggahetvā atthapariggahaṇaṃ sātthakasampajaaṃ. Tattha hatthapāde aticiraṃ samijetvā pasāretvā eva vā ṭhitassa khaṇe khaṇe vedanā uppajjanti, cittaṃ ekaggaṃ na labhati, kammaṭṭhānaṃ paripatati, visesaṃ nādhigacchati. Kāle samijentassa kāle pasārentassa pana tā vedanā na uppajjanti, cittaṃ ekaggaṃ hoti, kammaṭṭhānaṃ phātiṃ gacchati, visesamadhigacchatīti evaṃ atthānatthapariggahaṇaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Atthe pana satipi sappāyāsappāyaṃ pariggaṇhitvā sappāyapariggahaṇaṃ sappāyasampajaaṃ. Tatrāyaṃ nayo mahācetiyaṅgaṇe kira daharabhikkhū sajjhāyaṃ gaṇhanti. Tesaṃ piṭṭhipasse daharabhikkhuniyo dhammaṃ suṇanti. Tatreko daharo hatthaṃ pasārento kāyasaṃsaggaṃ patvā teneva kāraṇena gihī jāto. Aparopi bhikkhu pādaṃ pasārento aggimhi pasāresi, aṭṭhiṃ āhacca pādo jhāyi. Aparo vammike pasāresi, so āsīvisena daṭṭho. Aparo cīvarakuṭidaṇḍake pasāresi, taṃ maṇisappo ḍaṃsi. Tasmā evarūpe asappāye apasāretvā sappāye pasāretabbaṃ. Idamettha sappāyasampajaaṃ.

Gocarasampajaaṃ pana mahātheravatthunā dīpetabbaṃ mahāthero kira divāṭṭhāne nisinno antevāsikehi saddhiṃ kathayamāno sahasā hatthaṃ samijetvā puna yathāṭhāne ṭhapetvā saṇikaṃ samijesi. Taṃ antevāsikā pucchiṃsu kasmā bhante sahasā hatthaṃ samijetvā puna yathāṭhāne ṭhapetvā saṇikaṃ samijayitthāti. Yato paṭṭhāyāhaṃ, āvuso, kammaṭṭhānaṃ manasikātuṃ āraddho, na me kammaṭṭhānaṃ mucitvā hattho samijitapubbo, idāni pana tumhehi saddhiṃ kathayamānena kammaṭṭhānaṃ mucitvā samijito, tasmā puna yathāṭhāne ṭhapetvā samijesinti. Sādhu, bhante, bhikkhunā nāma evarūpena bhavitabbanti. Evametthāpi kammaṭṭhānāvijahanameva gocarasampajaanti veditabbaṃ.

Abbhantare attā nāma koci samijento vā pasārento vā natthi. Vuttappakāracittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphārena pana suttakaḍḍhanavasena dāruyantassa hatthapādalaḷanaṃ viya samijanapasāraṇaṃ hotīti evaṃ parijānanaṃ panettha asammohasampajaanti veditabbaṃ.

Saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇeti ettha saṅghāṭicīvarānaṃ nivāsanapārupanavasena pattassa bhikkhāpaṭiggahaṇādivasena paribhogo dhāraṇaṃ nāma. Tattha saṅghāṭicīvaradhāraṇe tāva nivāsetvā pārupitvā ca piṇḍāya carato āmisalābho sītassa paṭighātāyātiādinā nayena bhagavatā vuttappakāroyeva ca attho attho nāma. Tassa vasena sātthakasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Uṇhapakatikassa pana dubbalassa ca cīvaraṃ sukhumaṃ sappāyaṃ. Sītālukassa ghanaṃ dupaṭṭaṃ. Viparītaṃ asappāyaṃ. Yassa kassaci jiṇṇaṃ asappāyameva. Aggaḷādidāne hissa taṃ palibodhakaraṃ hoti. Tathā paṭṭuṇṇadukūlādibhedaṃ lobhanīyacīvaraṃ. Tādisahi arae ekakassa nivāsantarāyakaraṃ jīvitantarāyakaraṃ vāpi hoti. Nippariyāyena pana yaṃ nimittakammādimicchājīvavasena uppannaṃ, yacassa sevamānassa akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti, kusalā dhammā parihāyanti, taṃ asappāyaṃ. Viparītaṃ sappāyaṃ . Tassa vasenettha sappāyasampajaaṃ, kammaṭṭhānāvijahanavaseneva ca gocarasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Abbhantare attā nāma koci cīvaraṃ pārupanto natthi. Vuttappakāracittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāreneva pana cīvarapārupanaṃ hoti. Tattha cīvarampi acetanaṃ, kāyopi acetano. Cīvaraṃ na jānāti mayā kāyo pārutoti. Kāyopi na jānāti ahaṃ cīvarena pārutoti, dhātuyova dhātusamūhaṃ paṭicchādenti paṭapilotikāya potthakarūpapaṭicchādane viya. Tasmā neva sundaraṃ cīvaraṃ labhitvā somanassaṃ kātabbaṃ, na asundaraṃ labhitvā domanassaṃ. Nāgavammikacetiyarukkhādīsu hi keci mālāgandhadhūmavatthādīhi sakkāraṃ karonti, keci gūthamuttakaddamadaṇḍasatthappahārādīhi asakkāraṃ, na te nāgavammikarukkhādayo somanassaṃ vā domanassaṃ vā karonti; evameva neva sundaraṃ cīvaraṃ labhitvā somanassaṃ kātabbaṃ, na asundaraṃ labhitvā domanassanti evaṃ pavattapaṭisaṅkhānavasena panettha asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Pattadhāraṇepi pattaṃ sahasāva aggahetvā imaṃ gahetvā piṇḍāya caramāno bhikkhaṃ labhissāmīti evaṃ pattagahaṇapaccayā paṭilabhitabbaatthavasena sātthakasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Kisadubbalasarīrassa pana garu patto asappāyo. Yassa kassaci catupacagaṇḍikāhato dubbisodhanīyo asappāyova. Duddhotapatto hi na vaṭṭati, taṃ dhovantasseva cassa palibodho hoti. Maṇivaṇṇapatto pana lobhanīyo cīvare vuttanayeneva asappāyo. Nimittakammādivasena laddho pana yacassa sevamānassa akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti, kusalā dhammā parihāyanti, ayaṃ ekantaasappāyova. Viparīto sappāyo. Tassa vasenettha sappāyasampajaaṃ, kammaṭṭhānāvijahanavaseneva ca gocarasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Abbhantare attā nāma koci pattaṃ gaṇhanto natthi. Vuttappakāracittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāreneva pana pattaggahaṇaṃ nāma hoti. Tattha pattopi acetano, hatthāpi acetanā. Patto na jānāti ahaṃ hatthehi gahitoti. Hatthāpi na jānanti patto amhehi gahitoti. Dhātuyova dhātusamūhaṃ gaṇhanti saṇḍāsena aggivaṇṇapattaggahaṇe viyāti evaṃ pavattapaṭisaṅkhānavasenettha asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Apica yathā chinnahatthapāde vaṇamukhehi paggharitapubbalohitakimikule nīlamakkhikasamparikiṇṇe anāthasālāyaṃ nipanne anāthamanusse disvā dayālukā purisā tesaṃ vaṇapaṭṭacoḷakāni ceva kapālādīhi ca bhesajjāni upanāmenti. Tattha coḷakānipi kesaci saṇhāni, kesaci thūlāni pāpuṇanti. Bhesajjakapālakānipi kesaci susaṇṭhānāni, kesaci dussaṇṭhānāni pāpuṇanti, na te tattha sumanā vā dummanā vā honti. Vaṇappaṭicchādanamatteneva hi coḷakena bhesajjapaṭiggahaṇamatteneva ca kapālakena tesamattho, evameva yo bhikkhu vaṇacoḷakaṃ viya cīvaraṃ, bhesajjakapālakaṃ viya pattaṃ, kapāle bhesajjamiva ca patte laddhaṃ bhikkhaṃ sallakkheti. Ayaṃ saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe asammohasampajaena uttamasampajānakārīti veditabbo.

Asitādīsu asiteti piṇḍapātabhojane. Pīteti yāguādipāne. Khāyiteti piṭṭhakhajjakādikhādane. Sāyiteti madhuphāṇitādisāyane. Tattha neva davāyātiādinā nayena vutto aṭṭhavidhopi attho attho nāma. Tassa vasena sātthakasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ. Lūkhapaṇītatittamadhurādīsu pana yena bhojanena yassa aphāsu hoti, taṃ tassa asappāyaṃ. Yaṃ pana nimittakammādivasena paṭiladdhaṃ, yacassa bhujato akusalā dhammā abhivaḍḍhanti, kusalā dhammā parihāyanti, taṃ ekantaasappāyameva. Viparītaṃ sappāyaṃ. Tassa vasenettha sappāyasampajaaṃ, kammaṭṭhānāvijahanavaseneva ca gocarasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Abbhantare attā nāma koci bhujako natthi, vuttappakāracittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāravaseneva pana pattapaṭiggahaṇaṃ nāma hoti. Cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāreneva hatthassa patte otāraṇaṃ nāma hoti. Cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāreneva ālopakaraṇaṃ ālopauddharaṇaṃ mukhavivaraṇaca hoti. Na koci kucikāya yantakena ca hanukaṭṭhīni vivarati, cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāreneva ālopassa mukhe ṭhapanaṃ, uparidantānaṃ musalakiccasādhanaṃ, heṭṭhādantānaṃ udukkhalakiccasādhanaṃ, jivhāya hatthakiccasādhanaca hoti.

Iti taṃ tattha aggajivhāya tanukakheḷo mūlajivhāya bahalakheḷo makkheti. Taṃ heṭṭhādantaudukkhale jivhāhatthaparivattitaṃ kheḷaudakatemitaṃ uparidantamusalasacuṇṇitaṃ koci kaṭacchunā vā dabbiyā vā antopavesento nāma natthi, vāyodhātuyāva pavisati. Paviṭṭhaṃ paviṭṭhaṃ koci palālasantharaṃ katvā dhārento nāma natthi, vāyodhātuvaseneva tiṭṭhati. Ṭhitaṃ ṭhitaṃ koci uddhanaṃ katvā aggiṃ jāletvā pacanto nāma natthi, tejodhātuyāva paccati. Pakkaṃ pakkaṃ koci daṇḍena vā yaṭṭhiyā vā bahi nīhārako nāma natthi, vāyodhātuyeva nīharati.

Iti vāyodhātu atiharati ca vītiharati ca dhāreti ca parivatteti ca sacuṇṇeti visoseti ca nīharati ca. Pathavīdhātu dhāreti ca parivatteti ca sacuṇṇeti ca visoseti ca. Āpodhātu sineheti ca allattaca anupāleti. Tejodhātu antopaviṭṭhaṃ paripāceti. Ākāsadhātu ajaso hoti. Viāṇadhātu tattha tattha sammāpayogamanvāya ābhujatīti evaṃpavattapaṭisaṅkhānavasenettha asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Apica gamanato pariyesanato paribhogato āsayato nidhānato aparipakkato paripakkato phalato nissandato sammakkhaṇatoti evaṃ dasavidhapaṭikūlabhāvapaccavekkhaṇatopettha asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ. Vitthārakathā panettha visuddhimagge āhārapaṭikūlasaāniddesato gahetabbā.

Uccārapassāvakammeti uccārassa ca passāvassa ca karaṇe. Tattha pattakāle uccārapassāvaṃ akarontassa sakalasarīrato sedā muccanti, akkhīni bhamanti, cittaṃ na ekaggaṃ hoti, ae ca rogā uppajjanti. Karontassa pana sabbaṃ taṃ na hotīti ayamettha attho. Tassa vasena sātthakasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ. Aṭṭhāne uccārapassāvaṃ karontassa pana āpatti hoti, ayaso vaḍḍhati, jīvitantarāyo hoti. Patirūpe ṭhāne karontassa sabbaṃ taṃ na hotīti idamettha sappāyaṃ. Tassa vasena sappāyasampajaaṃ, kammaṭṭhānāvijahanavaseneva ca gocarasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Abbhantare attā nāma koci uccārapassāvaṃ karonto natthi. Cittakiriyavāyodhātuvipphāreneva pana uccārapassāvakammaṃ hoti. Yathā pana pakke gaṇḍe gaṇḍabhedena pubbalohitaṃ akāmatāya nikkhamati, yathā ca atibharitā udakabhājanā udakaṃ akāmatāya nikkhamati, evaṃ pakkāsayamuttavatthīsu sannicitā uccārapassāvā vāyuvegasamuppīḷitā akāmatāyapi nikkhamanti. So panāyaṃ evaṃ nikkhamanto uccārapassāvo neva tassa bhikkhuno attano hoti, na parassa. Kevalaṃ sarīranissandova hoti. Yathā kiṃ? Yathā udakakumbhato purāṇaudakaṃ chaḍḍentassa neva taṃ attano hoti, na paresaṃ. Kevalaṃ paṭijagganamattameva hoti. Evaṃpavattapaṭisaṅkhānavasenettha asammohasampajaaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Gatādīsu gateti gamane. Ṭhiteti ṭhāne. Nisinneti nisajjāya. Sutteti sayane. Jāgariteti jāgaraṇe. Bhāsiteti kathane. Tuṇhībhāveti akathane. Gacchanto vā gacchāmīti pajānāti, ṭhito vā ṭhitomhīti pajānāti, nisinno vā nisinnomhīti pajānāti, sayāno vā sayānomhīti pajānātīti imasmihi ṭhāne addhānairiyāpathā kathitā. Abhikkante paṭikkante ālokite vilokite samijite pasāriteti imasmiṃ majjhimā. Gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgariteti idha pana khuddakacuṇṇikairiyāpathā kathitā. Tasmā etesupi vuttanayeneva sampajānakāritā veditabbā.

Tipiṭakamahāsīvatthero panāha yo ciraṃ gantvā vā caṅkamitvā vā aparabhāge ṭhito iti paṭisacikkhati caṅkamanakāle pavattā rūpārūpadhammā ettheva niruddhāti, ayaṃ gate sampajānakārī nāma. Yo sajjhāyaṃ vā karonto pahaṃ vā vissajjento kammaṭṭhānaṃ vā manasikaronto ciraṃ ṭhatvā aparabhāge nisinno iti paṭisacikkhati ṭhitakāle pavattā rūpārūpadhammā ettheva niruddhāti, ayaṃ ṭhite sampajānakārī nāma. Yo sajjhāyādikaraṇavaseneva ciraṃ nisīditvā aparabhāge nipanno iti paṭisacikkhati nisinnakāle pavattā rūpārūpadhammā ettheva niruddhāti, ayaṃ nisinne sampajānakārī nāma. Yo pana nipannako sajjhāyaṃ vā karonto kammaṭṭhānaṃ vā manasikaronto niddaṃ okkamitvā aparabhāge vuṭṭhāya iti paṭisacikkhati sayanakāle pavattā rūpārūpadhammā ettheva niruddhāti, ayaṃ sutte jāgarite ca sampajānakārī nāma. Kiriyamayacittānahi appavattaṃ suttaṃ nāma, pavattaṃ jāgaritaṃ nāmāti. Yo pana bhāsamāno ayaṃ saddo nāma oṭṭhe ca paṭicca dante ca jivhaca tāluca paṭicca cittassa tadanurūpaṃ payogaṃ paṭicca jāyatīti sato sampajāno bhāsati, ciraṃ vā pana kālaṃ sajjhāyaṃ vā katvā dhammaṃ vā kathetvā kammaṭṭhānaṃ vā parivattetvā pahaṃ vā vissajjetvā aparabhāge tuṇhībhūto iti paṭisacikkhati bhāsitakāle uppannā rūpārūpadhammā ettheva niruddhāti, ayaṃ bhāsite sampajānakārī nāma. Yo tuṇhībhūto ciraṃ dhammaṃ vā kammaṭṭhānaṃ vā manasikatvā aparabhāge iti paṭisacikkhati tuṇhībhūtakāle pavattā rūpārūpadhammā ettheva niruddhā, upādārūpapavattiyā sati bhāsati nāma, asati tuṇhī bhavati nāmāti, ayaṃ tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī nāmāti.

Tayidaṃ mahāsīvattherena vuttaṃ asammohadhuraṃ imasmiṃ satipaṭṭhānasutte adhippetaṃ. Sāmaaphale  pana sabbampi catubbidhaṃ sampajaaṃ labbhati. Tasmā visesato ettha asammohasampajaasseva vasena sampajānakāritā veditabbā. Sampajānakārī sampajānakārīti ca sabbapadesu satisampayuttasseva sampajaassa vasenattho veditabbo. Vibhaṅgappakaraṇe pana, sato sampajāno abhikkamati, sato sampajāno paṭikkamatīti (vibha. 523) evametāni padāni vibhattāneva.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ catusampajaapariggahaṇena attano vā kāye, parassa vā kāye, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa kāye kāyānupassī viharati. Idha samudayavayadhammānupassītiādīsu rūpakkhandhasseva samudayo ca vayo ca nīharitabbo. Sesaṃ vuttasadisameva.

Idha catusampajaapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccaṃ, tassā samuṭṭhāpikā purimataṇhā samudayasaccaṃ, ubhinnaṃ appavatti nirodhasaccaṃ, vuttappakāro ariyamaggo maggasaccaṃ. Evaṃ catusaccavasena ussakkitvā nibbutiṃ pāpuṇātīti idamekassa catusampajaapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno vasena yāva arahattā niyyānamukhanti.

Catusampajaapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo, khi bước tới bước lui, biết r việc mnh đang lm; khi ng tới ng lui, biết r việc mnh đang lm; khi co tay, khi duỗi tay, biết r việc mnh đang lm; khi mang o Sanghati (Tăng gi l), mang bt, mang y, biết r việc mnh đang lm; khi ăn, uống, nhai, nếm, biết r việc mnh đang lm; khi đại tiện, tiểu tiện, biết r việc mnh đang lm; khi đi, đứng, ngồi, ngủ, thức, ni, im lặng, biết r việc mnh đang lm.

Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn cả nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

 

110. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ uddhaṃ pādatalā, adho kesamatthakā, tacapariyantaṃ pūraṃ nānappakārassa asucino paccavekkhati atthi imasmiṃ kāye kesā lomā nakhā dantā taco maṃsaṃ nhāru [nahāru (sī. syā. pī.)] aṭṭhi aṭṭhimijaṃ vakkaṃ hadayaṃ yakanaṃ kilomakaṃ pihakaṃ papphāsaṃ antaṃ antaguṇaṃ udariyaṃ karīsaṃ pittaṃ semhaṃ pubbo lohitaṃ sedo medo assu vasā kheḷo siṅghāṇikā lasikā muttanti [muttaṃ matthaluṅganti (ka.)].

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, ubhatomukhā putoḷi [mūtoḷī (sī. syā. pī.)] pūrā nānāvihitassa dhaassa, seyyathidaṃ sālīnaṃ vīhīnaṃ muggānaṃ māsānaṃ tilānaṃ taṇḍulānaṃ. Tamenaṃ cakkhumā puriso mucitvā paccavekkheyya ime sālī ime vīhī ime muggā ime māsā ime tilā ime taṇḍulāti. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ uddhaṃ pādatalā, adho kesamatthakā, tacapariyantaṃ pūraṃ nānappakārassa asucino paccavekkhati atthi imasmiṃ kāye kesā lomāpe muttanti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharatipe evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Paṭikūlamanasikārapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

Kāyānupassanā dhātumanasikārapabbaṃ

Paṭikūlamanasikārapabbavaṇṇanā

110. Evaṃ catusampajaavasena kāyānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni paṭikūlamanasikāravasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha. Tattha imameva kāyantiādīsu yaṃ vattabbaṃ siyā, taṃ sabbaṃ sabbākārena vitthārato visuddhimagge kāyagatāsatikammaṭṭhāne vuttaṃ. Ubhatomukhāti heṭṭhā ca upari cāti dvīhi mukhehi yuttā. Nānāvihitassāti nānāvidhassa.

Idaṃ panettha opammasaṃsandanaṃ ubhatomukhā putoḷi viya hi cātumahābhūtiko kāyo, tattha missetvā pakkhittanānāvidhadhaaṃ viya kesādayo dvattiṃsākārā, cakkhumā puriso viya yogāvacaro, tassa taṃ putoḷiṃ mucitvā paccavekkhato nānāvidhadhaassa pākaṭakālo viya yogino dvattiṃsākārassa vibhūtākāro veditabbo.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ kesādipariggahaṇena attano vā kāye, parassa vā kāye, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ito paraṃ vuttanayameva. Kevalahi idha dvattiṃsākārapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ purimasadisamevāti.

Paṭikūlamanasikārapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā. 

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo qun st thn ny, dưới từ bn chn trở ln, trn cho đến đảnh tc, bao bọc bởi da v chứa đầy những vật bất tịnh sai biệt. Trong thn ny: "y l tc, lng, mng, răng, da, thịt, gn, xương, thận, tủy, tim, gan, honh cch m, l lch, phổi, ruột, mng ruột, bụng, phn, mật, đm mủ, mu, mồ hi, mỡ, nước mắt, mỡ da, nước miếng, nim dịch, nước ở khớp xương, nước tiểu". Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, cũng như một bao đồ, hai đầu trống đựng đầy cc loại hột như gạo, la, đậu xanh, đậu lớn, m, gạo đ xay rồi. Một người c mắt, đổ cc hột ấy ra v qun st: "y l hột gạo, đy l hột la, đy l đậu xanh, đy l đậu lớn, đy l m, đy l hột la đ xay rồi". Cũng vậy, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, một Tỷ-kheo qun st thn ny dưới từ bn chn trở ln trn cho đến đảnh tc, bao bọc bởi da v chứa đầy những vật bất tịnh sai biệt. Trong thn ny: "y l tc, lng, mng, răng, da, thịt, gn, xương, tủy, thận, tim, gan, honh cch m, l lch, phổi, ruột, mng ruột, bụng, phn, mật, đm, mủ, mu, mồ hi, mỡ, nước mắt, mỡ da, nước miếng, nim dịch, nước ở khớp xương, nước tiểu".

 

Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn, hay sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

111. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ yathāṭhitaṃ yathāpaṇihitaṃ dhātuso paccavekkhati atthi imasmiṃ kāye pathavīdhātu āpodhātu tejodhātu vāyodhātūti.

Seyyathāpi , bhikkhave, dakkho goghātako vā goghātakantevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā catumahāpathe [cātummahāpathe (sī. syā. pī.)] bilaso vibhajitvā nisinno assa. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ yathāṭhitaṃ yathāpaṇihitaṃ dhātuso paccavekkhati atthi imasmiṃ kāye pathavīdhātu āpodhātu tejodhātu vāyodhātūti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharatipe evampi kho, bhikkhave , bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Dhātumanasikārapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

Kāyānupassanā navasivathikapabbaṃ

 

 

Dhātumanasikārapabbavaṇṇanā

111. Evaṃ paṭikūlamanasikāravasena kāyānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni dhātumanasikāravasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha. Tatrāyaṃ opammasaṃsandanena saddhiṃ atthavaṇṇanā yathā koci goghātako vā tasseva vā bhattavetanabhato antevāsiko gāviṃ vadhitvā vinivijjhitvā catasso disā gatānaṃ mahāpathānaṃ vemajjhaṭṭhānasaṅkhāte catumahāpathe koṭṭhāsaṃ koṭṭhāsaṃ katvā nisinno assa, evameva bhikkhu catunnaṃ iriyāpathānaṃ yena kenaci ākārena ṭhitattā yathāṭhitaṃ, yathāṭhitattā ca yathāpaṇihitaṃ kāyaṃ atthi imasmiṃ kāye pathavīdhātupe vāyodhātūti evaṃ paccavekkhati.

Kiṃ vuttaṃ hoti yathā goghātakassa gāviṃ posentassāpi āghātanaṃ āharantassāpi āharitvā tattha bandhitvā ṭhapentassāpi vadhentassāpi vadhitaṃ mataṃ passantassāpi tāvadeva gāvīti saā na antaradhāyati, yāva naṃ padāletvā bīlaso na vibhajati. Vibhajitvā nisinnassa pana gāvīti saā antaradhāyati, maṃsasaā pavattati, nāssa evaṃ hoti ahaṃ gāviṃ vikkiṇāmi, ime gāviṃ harantīti. Atha khvassa ahaṃ maṃsaṃ vikkiṇāmi, ime maṃsaṃ haranticceva hoti, evameva imassāpi bhikkhuno pubbe bālaputhujjanakāle gihibhūtassāpi pabbajitassāpi tāvadeva sattoti vā puggaloti vā saā na antaradhāyati, yāva imameva kāyaṃ yathāṭhitaṃ yathāpaṇihitaṃ ghanavinibbhogaṃ katvā dhātuso na paccavekkhati. Dhātuso paccavekkhato panassa sattasaā antaradhāyati, dhātuvaseneva cittaṃ santiṭṭhati. Tenāha bhagavā imameva kāyaṃ yathāṭhitaṃ yathāpaṇihitaṃ dhātuso paccavekkhati, atthi imasmiṃ kāye pathavīdhātu āpodhātu tejodhātu vāyodhātūti. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, dakkho goghātako vāpe vāyodhātūti.

Goghātako viya hi yogī, gāvīti saā viya sattasaā, catumahāpatho viya catuiriyāpatho, bīlaso vibhajitvā nisinnabhāvo viya dhātuso paccavekkhaṇanti ayamettha pāḷivaṇṇanā, kammaṭṭhānakathā pana visuddhimagge vitthāritā.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ catudhātupariggahaṇena attano vā kāye, parassa vā kāye, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa kāye kāyānupassī viharati. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva. Kevalahi idha catudhātupariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ purimasadisamevāti.

Dhātumanasikārapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo qun st thn ny về cc vị tr cc giới v sự sắp đặt cc giới: "Trong thn ny c địa đại, thủy đại, hỏa đại v phong đại".

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như một người đồ tể thiện xảo, hay đệ tử của một người đổ tể giết một con b, ngồi cắt chia từng thn phần tại ng tư đường. Cũng vậy, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo qun st thn ny về vị tr cc giới v về sự sắp đặt cc giới: "Trong thn ny c địa đại, thủy đại, hỏa đại v phong đại".

Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

112. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ ekāhamataṃ vā dvīhamataṃ vā tīhamataṃ vā uddhumātakaṃ vinīlakaṃ vipubbakajātaṃ. So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃanatītoti [etaṃ anatītoti (sī. pī.)]. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharatipe evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ kākehi vā khajjamānaṃ kulalehi vā khajjamānaṃ gijjhehi vā khajjamānaṃ kaṅkehi vā khajjamānaṃ sunakhehi vā khajjamānaṃ byagghehi vā khajjamānaṃ dīpīhi vā khajjamānaṃ siṅgālehi vā [gijjhehi vā khajjamānaṃ, suvānehi vā khajjamānaṃ, sigālehi vā (syā. pī.)] khajjamānaṃ vividhehi vā pāṇakajātehi khajjamānaṃ. So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃanatītoti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharatipe evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ samaṃsalohitaṃ nhārusambandhaṃpe aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ nimaṃsalohitamakkhitaṃ nhārusambandhaṃpe aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ apagatamaṃsalohitaṃ nhārusambandhaṃpe aṭṭhikāni apagatasambandhāni [apagatanhārusambandhāni (syā.)] disā vidisā vikkhittāni, aena hatthaṭṭhikaṃ aena pādaṭṭhikaṃ aena gopphakaṭṭhikaṃ [aena gopphakaṭṭhikanti idaṃ sī. syā. pī. potthakesu natthi] aena jaṅghaṭṭhikaṃ aena ūruṭṭhikaṃ aena kaṭiṭṭhikaṃ [aena kaṭaṭṭhikaṃ aena piṭṭhaṭṭhikaṃ aena kaṇṭakaṭṭhikaṃ aena phāsukaṭṭhikaṃ aena uraṭṭhikaṃ aena aṃsaṭṭhikaṃ aena bāhuṭṭhikaṃ (syā.)] aena phāsukaṭṭhikaṃ aena piṭṭhiṭṭhikaṃ aena khandhaṭṭhikaṃ [aena kaṭaṭṭhikaṃ aena piṭṭhaṭṭhikaṃ aena kaṇṭakaṭṭhikaṃ aena phāsukaṭṭhikaṃ aena uraṭṭhikaṃ aena aṃsaṭṭhikaṃ aena bāhuṭṭhikaṃ (syā.)] aena gīvaṭṭhikaṃ aena hanukaṭṭhikaṃ aena dantaṭṭhikaṃ aena sīsakaṭāhaṃ. So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃanatītoti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharatipe evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ, aṭṭhikāni setāni saṅkhavaṇṇapaṭibhāgāni [saṅkhavaṇṇūpanibhāni (sī. syā. pī.)] pe aṭṭhikāni pujakitāni terovassikānipe aṭṭhikāni pūtīni cuṇṇakajātāni . So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃanatītoti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati. Atthi kāyoti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Navasivathikapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

Cuddasakāyānupassanā niṭṭhitā.

 

Navasivathikapabbavaṇṇanā

112. Evaṃ dhātumanasikāravasena kāyānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni navahi sivathikapabbehi vibhajituṃ, puna caparantiādimāha. Tattha seyyathāpi passeyyāti yathā passeyya. Sarīranti matasarīraṃ. Sivathikāya chaḍḍītanti susāne apaviddhaṃ. Ekāhaṃ matassa assāti ekāhamataṃ. Dvīhaṃ matassa assāti dvīhamataṃ. Tīhaṃ matassa assāti tīhamataṃ. Bhastā viya vāyunā uddhaṃ jīvitapariyādānā yathānukkamaṃ samuggatena sūnabhāvena uddhumātattā uddhumātakaṃ. Vinīlaṃ vuccati viparibhinnavaṇṇaṃ. Vilīnameva vinīlakaṃ. Paṭikūlattā vā kucchitaṃ vinīlanti vinīlakaṃ. Maṃsussadaṭṭhānesu rattavaṇṇassa pubbasannicayaṭṭhānesu setavaṇṇassa yebhuyyena ca nīlavaṇṇassa nīlaṭṭhānesu nīlasāṭakapārutasseva chavasarīrassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Paribhinnaṭṭhānehi navahi vā vaṇamukhehi visandamānaṃ pubbaṃ vipubbaṃ. Vipubbameva vipubbakaṃ, paṭikūlattā vā kucchitaṃ vipubbanti vipubbakaṃ. Vipubbakaṃ jātaṃ tathābhāvaṃ gatanti vipubbakajātaṃ.

So imameva kāyanti so bhikkhu imaṃ attano kāyaṃ tena kāyena saddhiṃ āṇena upasaṃharati upaneti. Kathaṃ? Ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃanatītoti. Idaṃ vuttaṃ hoti āyu, usmā, viāṇanti imesaṃ tiṇṇaṃ dhammānaṃ atthitāya ayaṃ kāyo ṭhānagamanādikhamo hoti imesaṃ pana vigamā ayampi evaṃdhammo evaṃpūtikasabhāvoyeva, evaṃbhāvī  evaṃuddhumātādibhedo bhavissati, evaṃanatīto evaṃuddhumātādibhāvaṃ anatikkantoti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ uddhumātādipariggahaṇena attano vā kāye, parassa vā kāye, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Khajjamānanti udarādīsu nisīditvā udaramaṃsaoṭṭhamaṃsaakkhikūṭādīni lucitvā lucitvā khādiyamānaṃ. Samaṃsalohitanti sesāvasesamaṃsalohitayuttaṃ. Nimaṃsalohitamakkhitanti maṃse khīṇepi lohitaṃ na sussati, taṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ nimaṃsalohitamakkhitanti. Aenāti aena disābhāgena. Hatthaṭṭhikanti catusaṭṭhibhedampi hatthaṭṭhikaṃ pāṭiyekkaṃ vippakiṇṇaṃ. Pādaṭṭhikādīsupi eseva nayo. Terovassikānīti atikkantasaṃvaccharāni. Pūtīnīti abbhokāse ṭhitāni vātātapavuṭṭhisamphassena terovassikāneva pūtīni honti. Antobhūmigatāni pana cirataraṃ tiṭṭhanti. Cuṇṇakajātānīti cuṇṇaṃ cuṇṇaṃ hutvā vippakiṇṇāni. Sabbattha so imamevāti vuttanayena khajjamānādīnaṃ vasena yojanā kātabbā.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ khajjamānādipariggahaṇena yāva cuṇṇakabhāvā attano vā kāye, parassa vā kāye, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa kāye kāyānupassī viharati.

Idha pana ṭhatvā navasivathikā samodhānetabbā. Ekāhamataṃ vātiādinā nayena vuttā sabbāpi ekā, kākehi vā khajjamānantiādikā ekā, aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ samaṃsalohitaṃ nhārusambandhanti ekā, nimaṃsalohitamakkhitaṃ nhārusambandhanti ekā, apagatamaṃsalohitaṃ nhārusambandhanti ekā, aṭṭhikāni apagatasambandhānītiādikā ekā, aṭṭhikāni setāni saṅkhavaṇṇapaṭibhāgānīti ekā, pujakitāni terovassikānīti ekā, pūtīni cuṇṇakajātānīti ekā.

Evaṃ kho, bhikkhaveti idaṃ navasivathikā dassetvā kāyānupassanaṃ niṭṭhapento āha. Tattha navasivathikapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccaṃ, tassā samuṭṭhāpikā purimataṇhā samudayasaccaṃ, ubhinnaṃ appavatti nirodhasaccaṃ, dukkhaparijānano samudayapajahano nirodhārammaṇo ariyamaggo maggasaccaṃ. Evaṃ catusaccavaseneva ussakkitvā nibbutiṃ pāpuṇātīti idaṃ navasivathikapariggāhakānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ yāva arahattā niyyānamukhanti.

Navasivathikapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Ettāvatā ca ānāpānapabbaṃ iriyāpathapabbaṃ catusampajaapabbaṃ paṭikūlamanasikārapabbaṃ dhātumanasikārapabbaṃ navasivathikapabbānīti cuddasapabbā kāyānupassanā niṭṭhitā hoti.

Tattha ānāpānapabbaṃ paṭikūlamanasikārapabbanti imāneva dve appanākammaṭṭhānāni. Sivathikānaṃ pana ādīnavānupassanāvasena vuttattā sesāni dvādasāpi upacārakammaṭṭhānānevāti.

Kāyānupassanā niṭṭhitā. 

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo như thấy một thi thể bị quăng bỏ trong nghĩa địa một ngy, hai ngy, ba ngy, thi thể ấy trương phồng ln, xanh đen lại, nt thối ra. Tỷ-kheo qun thn ấy như sau: "Thn ny tnh chất l như vậy, bản tnh l như vậy, khng vượt khỏi tnh chất ấy".

Như vậy vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo như thấy một thi thể bị quăng bỏ trong nghĩa địa, bị cc loi quạ ăn, hay bị cc loi diều hu ăn, hay bị cc chim kn ăn, hay bị cc loi ch ăn, hay bị cc loi giả can ăn, hay bị cc loi cn trng ăn. Tỷ-kheo qun thn ấy như sau: "Thn ny tnh chất l như vậy, bản chất l như vậy, khng vượt khỏi tnh chất ấy".

Như vậy vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, lại nữa, Tỷ-kheo như thấy một thi thể bị quăng bỏ trong nghĩa địa, với cc bộ xương cn lin kết với nhau, cn dnh thịt v mu, cn được cc đường gn cột lại... với cc bộ xương cn lin kết với nhau, khng cn dnh thịt nhưng cn dnh mu, cn được cc đường gn cột lại... với cc bộ xương khng cn dnh thịt, dnh mu, cn được cc đường gn cột lại, chỉ cn c xương khng dnh lại với nhau, rải rc chỗ ny chỗ kia. Ở đy l xương tay, ở đy l xương chn, ở đy l xương ống, ở đy l xương bắp vế, ở đy l xương mng, ở đy l xương sống, ở đy l xương đầu. Tỷ-kheo qun thn ấy như sau: "Thn ny tnh chất l như vậy, bản tnh l như vậy, khng vượt khỏi tnh chất ấy".

Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay vị ấy sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g ở trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

 

Lại nữa ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo như thấy một thi thể bị quăng bỏ trong nghĩa địa, chỉ cn ton xương trắng mu vỏ ốc... chỉ cn một đống xương lu hơn ba năm... chỉ cn l xương thối trở thnh bột. Tỷ-kheo qun thn ấy như sau: "Thn ny tnh chất l như vậy, bản tnh l như vậy, khng vượt khỏi tnh chất ấy".

Như vậy vị ấy sống qun thn trn nội thn; hay sống qun thn trn ngoại thn; hay sống qun thn trn nội thn, ngoại thn. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn thn; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn thn; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn thn. "C thn đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thn trn thn.

 

Vedanānupassanā

113. Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sukhaṃ vā [sukhaṃ, dukkhaṃ, adukkhamasukhaṃ (sī. syā. pī. ka.)] vedanaṃ vedayamāno sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; dukkhaṃ vā [sukhaṃ, dukkhaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ (sī. syā. pī. ka.)] vedanaṃ vedayamāno dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; adukkhamasukhaṃ vā vedanaṃ vedayamāno adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; sāmisaṃ vā sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno sāmisaṃ sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; nirāmisaṃ vā sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno nirāmisaṃ sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; sāmisaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno sāmisaṃ dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; nirāmisaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno nirāmisaṃ dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; sāmisaṃ vā adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno sāmisaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; nirāmisaṃ vā adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno nirāmisaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti; iti ajjhattaṃ vā vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati. Atthi vedanāti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati , na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati.

Vedanānupassanā niṭṭhitā.

 

 

Vedanānupassanāvaṇṇanā

113. Evaṃ bhagavā cuddasavidhena kāyānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā idāni navavidhena vedanānupassanaṃ kathetuṃ kathaca, bhikkhavetiādimāha. Tattha sukhaṃ vedananti kāyikaṃ vā cetasikaṃ vā sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ahaṃ sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānātīti attho. Tattha kāmaṃ uttānaseyyakāpi dārakā thaapivanādikāle sukhaṃ vedayamānā sukhaṃ vedayāmāti pajānanti, na panetaṃ evarūpaṃ jānanaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ. Evarūpaṃ jānanaṃ hi sattūpaladdhiṃ na jahati, sattasaaṃ na ugghāṭeti, kammaṭṭhānaṃ vā satipaṭṭhānabhāvanā vā na hoti. Imassa pana bhikkhuno jānanaṃ sattūpaladdhiṃ jahati , sattasaaṃ ugghāṭeti, kammaṭṭhānaṃ ceva satipaṭṭhānabhāvanā ca hoti. Idahi ko vedayati, kassa vedanā, kiṃ kāraṇā vedanāti evaṃ sampajānavediyanaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ.

Tattha ko vedayatīti na koci satto vā puggalo vā vedayati. Kassa vedanāti na kassaci sattassa vā puggalassa vā vedanā. Kiṃ kāraṇā vedanāti vatthuārammaṇāva panassa vedanā. Tasmā esa evaṃ pajānāti taṃ taṃ sukhādīnaṃ vatthuṃ ārammaṇaṃ katvā vedanāva vedayati. Taṃ pana vedanāpavattiṃ upādāya ahaṃ vedayāmīti vohāramattaṃ hotīti. Evaṃ vedanāva vatthuṃ ārammaṇaṃ katvā vedanāva vedayatīti sallakkhento esa sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānātīti veditabbo. Cittalapabbate aataro thero viya. Thero kira aphāsukakāle balavavedanāya nitthunanto aparāparaṃ parivattati. Tameko daharo āha kataraṃ vo, bhante, ṭhānaṃ rujjatīti. Āvuso, pāṭiyekkaṃ rujjanaṭṭhānaṃ nāma natthi, vatthuṃ ārammaṇaṃ katvā vedanāva vedayatīti. Evaṃ jānanakālato paṭṭhāya adhivāsetuṃ vaṭṭati no, bhanteti. Adhivāsemi āvusoti. Adhivāsanā, bhante, seyyāti. Thero adhivāsesi. Tato vāto yāva hadayā phālesi, macake antāni rāsikatāni ahesuṃ. Thero daharassa dassesi vaṭṭatāvuso, ettakā adhivāsanāti. Daharo tuṇhī ahosi. Thero vīriyasamataṃ yojetvā saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇitvā samasīsī hutvā parinibbāyi.

Yathā ca sukhaṃ, evaṃ dukkhaṃpe nirāmisaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno nirāmisaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti. Iti bhagavā rūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā arūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathento vedanāvasena kathesi. Duvidhahi kammaṭṭhānaṃ rūpakammaṭṭhānaca arūpakammaṭṭhānaca. Rūpapariggaho arūpapariggahotipi etadeva vuccati. Tattha bhagavā rūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathento saṅkhepamanasikāravasena vā vitthāramanasikāravasena vā catudhātuvavatthānaṃ kathesi. Tadubhayampi sabbākārato visuddhimagge dassitameva.

Arūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ pana kathento yebhuyyena vedanāvasena katheti. Tividho hi arūpakammaṭṭhāne abhiniveso phassavasena vedanāvasena cittavasenāti. Kathaṃ? Ekaccassa hi saṃkhittena vā vitthārena vā pariggahite rūpakammaṭṭhāne tasmiṃ ārammaṇe cittacetasikānaṃ paṭhamābhinipāto taṃ ārammaṇaṃ phusanto uppajjamāno phasso pākaṭo hoti. Ekaccassa taṃ ārammaṇaṃ anubhavantī uppajjamānā vedanā pākaṭā hoti. Ekaccassa taṃ ārammaṇaṃ pariggahetvā vijānantaṃ uppajjamānaṃ viāṇaṃ pākaṭaṃ hoti. Tattha yassa phasso pākaṭo hoti, sopi na kevalaṃ phassova uppajjati, tena saddhiṃ tadeva ārammaṇaṃ anubhavamānā vedanāpi uppajjati, sajānanamānā saāpi, cetayamānā cetanāpi, vijānanamānaṃ viāṇampi uppajjatīti phassapacamakeyeva pariggaṇhāti. Yassa vedanā pākaṭā hoti. So na kevalaṃ vedanāva uppajjati, tāya saddhiṃ tadevārammaṇaṃ phusamāno phassopi uppajjati, sajānanamānā saāpi, cetayamānā cetanāpi, vijānanamānaṃ viāṇampi uppajjatīti phassapacamakeyeva pariggaṇhāti. Yassa viāṇaṃ pākaṭaṃ hoti, so na kevalaṃ viāṇameva uppajjati, tena saddhiṃ tadevārammaṇaṃ phusamāno phassopi uppajjati, anubhavamānā vedanāpi, sajānanamānā saāpi, cetayamānā cetanāpi uppajjatīti phassapacamakeyeva pariggaṇhāti.

So ime phassapacamakā dhammā kiṃ nissitāti upadhārento vatthuṃ nissitāti pajānāti. Vatthu nāma karajakāyo, yaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ idaca me viāṇaṃ ettha sitaṃ ettha paṭibaddhanti (dī. ni. 1.234,235; ma. ni. 2.252). So atthato bhūtāni ceva upādārūpāni ca. Evamettha vatthu rūpaṃ, phassapacamakā nāmanti nāmarūpamattameva passati. Rūpaṃ cettha rūpakkhandho, nāmaṃ cattāro arūpino khandhāti pacakkhandhamattaṃ hoti. Nāmarūpavinimuttā hi pacakkhandhā, pacakkhandhavinimuttaca nāmarūpaṃ natthi.

So ime pacakkhandhā kiṃ hetukāti upaparikkhanto avijjādihetukāti passati. Tato paccayo ceva paccayuppannaca idaṃ, ao satto vā puggalo vā natthi, suddhasaṅkhārapujamattamevāti sappaccayanāmarūpavasena tilakkhaṇaṃ āropetvā vipassanāpaṭipāṭiyā aniccaṃ dukkhaṃ anattāti sammasanto vicarati.

So ajja ajjāti paṭivedhaṃ ākaṅkhamāno tathārūpe divase utusappāya puggalasappāya bhojanasappāya dhammassavanasappāyaṃ labhitvā ekapallaṅkena nisinno vipassanaṃ matthakaṃ pāpetvā arahatte patiṭṭhāti. Evaṃ imesampi tiṇṇaṃ janānaṃ yāva arahattā kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathitaṃ hoti.

Idha pana bhagavā arūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathento vedanāvasena kathesi. Phassavasena vā hi viāṇavasena vā kathīyamānaṃ na pākaṭaṃ hoti, andhakāraṃ viya khāyati. Vedanāvasena pana pākaṭaṃ hoti. Kasmā? Vedanānaṃ uppattipākaṭatāya. Sukhadukkhavedanānahi uppatti pākaṭā. Yadā sukhaṃ uppajjati, sakalasarīraṃ khobhentaṃ maddantaṃ pharamānaṃ abhisandayamānaṃ satadhotaṃ sappiṃ khādāpayantaṃ viya satapākatelaṃ makkhayamānaṃ viya ghaṭasahassena pariḷāhaṃ nibbāpayamānaṃ viya aho sukhaṃ aho sukhanti vācaṃ nicchārayamānameva uppajjati. Yadā dukkhaṃ uppajjati, sakalasarīraṃ khobhentaṃ maddantaṃ pharamānaṃ abhisandayamānaṃ tattaphālaṃ pavesentaṃ viya vilīnatambalohena āsicantaṃ viya sukkhatiṇavanappatimhi arae dāruukkākalāpaṃ khipamānaṃ viya aho dukkhaṃ aho dukkhanti vippalāpayamānameva uppajjati. Iti sukhadukkhavedanānaṃ uppatti pākaṭā hoti.

Adukkhamasukhā pana duddīpanā andhakārāva avibhūtā. Sā sukhadukkhānaṃ apagame sātāsātappaṭikkhepavasena majjhattākārabhūtā adukkhamasukhā vedanāti nayato gaṇhantassa pākaṭā hoti. Yathā kiṃ? Yathā antarā piṭṭhipāsāṇaṃ ārohitvā palātassa migassa anupathaṃ gacchanto migaluddako piṭṭhipāsāṇassa orabhāgepi parabhāgepi padaṃ disvā majjhe apassantopi ito āruḷho, ito oruḷho, majjhe piṭṭhipāsāṇe iminā padesena gato bhavissatīti nayato jānāti, evaṃ āruḷhaṭṭhāne padaṃ viya hi sukhavedanāya uppatti pākaṭā hoti. Oruḷhaṭṭhāne padaṃ viya dukkhavedanāya uppatti pākaṭā hoti. Ito āruyha ito oruyha majjhe evaṃ gatoti nayato gahaṇaṃ viya sukhadukkhānaṃ apagame sātāsātappaṭikkhepavasena majjhattākārabhūtā adukkhamasukhā vedanāti nayato gaṇhantassa pākaṭā hoti. Evaṃ bhagavā paṭhamaṃ rūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā pacchā arūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ vedanāvasena nibbattetvāva dassesi.

Na kevalaca idheva evaṃ dassesi, cūḷataṇhāsaṅkhaye, mahātaṇhāsaṅkhaye, cūḷavedalle, mahāvedalle, raṭṭhapālasutte, māgaṇḍiyasutte, dhātuvibhaṅge, ānejasappāye, dīghanikāyamhi mahānidāne, sakkapahe, mahāsatipaṭṭhāne, saṃyuttamhi cūḷanidānasutte, rukkhopame, parivīmaṃsanasutte, sakale vedanāsaṃyutteti evaṃ anekesu suttesu paṭhamaṃ rūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā pacchā arūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ vedanāvasena nibbattetvā dassesi. Yathā ca tesu, evaṃ imasmimpi satipaṭṭhānasutte paṭhamaṃ rūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā pacchā arūpakammaṭṭhānaṃ vedanāvasena nibbattetvā dassesi.

Tattha sukhaṃ vedanantiādīsu ayaṃ aparopi pajānanapariyāyo  sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānātīti sukhavedanākkhaṇe dukkhāya vedanāya abhāvato sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmīti pajānāti. Tena yā pubbe anubhūtapubbā dukkhā vedanā, tassā idāni abhāvato imissā ca sukhāya vedanāya ito paṭhamaṃ abhāvato vedanā nāma aniccā adhuvā vipariṇāmadhammā, itiha tattha sampajāno hoti.

Vuttampi cetaṃ bhagavatā

Yasmiṃ aggivessana samaye sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, neva tasmiṃ samaye dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, na adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, sukhaṃyeva tasmiṃ samaye vedanaṃ vedeti, yasmiṃ aggivessana samaye dukkhaṃpe adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, neva tasmiṃ samaye sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, na dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, adukkhamasukhaeva tasmiṃ samaye vedanaṃ vedeti. Sukhāpi kho aggivessana vedanā aniccā saṅkhatā paṭiccasamuppannā khayadhammā vayadhammā virāgadhammā nirodhadhammā. Dukkhāpi khope adukkhamasukhāpi kho aggivessana vedanā aniccāpe nirodhadhammā. Evaṃ passaṃ aggivessana sutavā ariyasāvako sukhāyapi vedanāya dukkhāyapi vedanāya adukkhamasukhāyapi vedanāya nibbindati, nibbindaṃ virajjati, virāgā vimuccati, vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti āṇaṃ hoti. Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyāti pajānātīti (ma. ni. 2.205).

Sāmisaṃ vā sukhantiādīsu sāmisā sukhā nāma pacakāmaguṇāmisanissitā cha gehasitasomanassavedanā. Nirāmisā sukhā nāma cha nekkhammasitasomanassavedanā. Sāmisā dukkhā nāma cha gehasitadomanassavedanā. Nirāmisā dukkhā nāma cha nekkhammasitadomanassavedanā. Sāmisā adukkhamasukhā nāma cha gehasitaupekkhā vedanā. Nirāmisā adukkhamasukhā nāma cha nekkhammasitaupekkhā vedanā. Tāsaṃ vibhāgo uparipaṇṇāsake pāḷiyaṃ āgatoyeva.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ sukhavedanādipariggahaṇena attano vā vedanāsu, parassa vā vedanāsu, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati. Samudayavayadhammānupassī vāti ettha pana avijjāsamudayā vedanāsamudayotiādīhi (paṭi. ma. 1.50) pacahi pacahi ākārehi vedanānaṃ samudayaca vayaca passanto samudayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati, kālena samudayadhammānupassī vā, kālena vayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharatīti veditabbo. Ito paraṃ kāyānupassanāyaṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha vedanāpariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā vedanāpariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Vedanānupassanā niṭṭhitā.

(Qun thọ)

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun thọ trn cc thọ?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy Tỷ-kheo khi cảm gic lạc thọ, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic lạc thọ"; khi cảm gic khổ thọ, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic khổ thọ"; khi cảm gic bất khổ bất lạc thọ, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic bất khổ bất lạc thọ". Hay khi cảm gic lạc thọ thuộc vật chất, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic lạc thọ thuộc vật chất"; hay khi cảm gic lạc thọ khng thuộc vật chất, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic lạc thọ khng thuộc vật chất". Hay khi cảm gic khổ thọ thuộc vật chất, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic khổ thọ thuộc vật chất"; hay khi cảm gic khổ thọ khng thuộc vật chất, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic khổ thọ khng thuộc vật chất". Hay khi cảm gic bất khổ bất lạc thọ thuộc vật chất, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic bất khổ bất lạc thọ thuộc vật chất"; hay khi cảm gic bất khổ bất lạc thọ khng thuộc vật chất, tuệ tri: "Ti cảm gic bất khổ bất lạc thọ khng thuộc vật chất".

Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun thọ trn cc nội thọ; hay sống qun thọ trn cc ngoại thọ; hay sống qun thọ trn cc nội thọ, ngoại thọ. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn cc thọ, hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn cc thọ; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn cc thọ. "C thọ đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy Tỷ-kheo sống qun thọ trn cc thọ.

Cittānupassanā

114. Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu citte cittānupassī viharati?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ sarāgaṃ cittanti pajānāti, vītarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ vītarāgaṃ cittanti pajānāti; sadosaṃ vā cittaṃ sadosaṃ cittanti pajānāti, vītadosaṃ vā cittaṃ vītadosaṃ cittanti pajānāti; samohaṃ vā cittaṃ samohaṃ cittanti pajānāti, vītamohaṃ vā cittaṃ vītamohaṃ cittanti pajānāti; saṃkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ saṃkhittaṃ cittanti pajānāti, vikkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ vikkhittaṃ cittanti pajānāti; mahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ mahaggataṃ cittanti pajānāti, amahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ amahaggataṃ cittanti pajānāti; sauttaraṃ vā cittaṃ sauttaraṃ cittanti pajānāti, anuttaraṃ vā cittaṃ anuttaraṃ cittanti pajānāti; samāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ samāhitaṃ cittanti pajānāti, asamāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ asamāhitaṃ cittanti pajānāti; vimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ vimuttaṃ cittanti pajānāti, avimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ avimuttaṃ cittanti pajānāti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā citte cittānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā citte cittānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā citte cittānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā cittasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā cittasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā cittasmiṃ viharati. Atthi cittanti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati . Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu citte cittānupassī viharati.

Cittānupassanā niṭṭhitā.

 

 

Cittānupassanāvaṇṇanā

114. Evaṃ navavidhena vedanānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā idāni soḷasavidhena cittānupassanaṃ kathetuṃ kathaca, bhikkhavetiādimāha. Tattha sarāganti aṭṭhavidhaṃ lobhasahagataṃ. Vītarāganti lokiyakusalābyākataṃ. Idaṃ pana yasmā sammasanaṃ na dhammasamodhānaṃ, tasmā idha ekapadepi lokuttaraṃ na labbhati. Sesāni cattāri akusalacittāni neva purimapadaṃ, na pacchimapadaṃ bhajanti. Sadosanti duvidhaṃ dosasahagataṃ . Vītadosanti lokiyakusalābyākataṃ. Sesāni dasākusalacittāni neva purimaṃ padaṃ, na pacchimaṃ padaṃ bhajanti. Samohanti vicikicchāsahagataceva uddhaccasahagatacāti duvidhaṃ. Yasmā pana moho sabbākusalesu uppajjati, tasmā tānipi idha vaṭṭantiyeva. Imasmiṃyeva hi duke dvādasākusalacittāni pariyādiṇṇānīti. Vītamohanti lokiyakusalābyākataṃ. Saṃkhittanti thinamiddhānupatitaṃ, etahi saṃkuṭitacittaṃ nāma. Vikkhittanti uddhaccasahagataṃ, etahi pasaṭacittaṃ nāma.

Mahaggatanti rūpārūpāvacaraṃ. Amahaggatanti kāmāvacaraṃ. Sauttaranti kāmāvacaraṃ. Anuttaranti rūpāvacaraca arūpāvacaraca. Tatrāpi sauttaraṃ rūpāvacaraṃ, anuttaraṃ arūpāvacarameva. Samāhitanti yassa appanāsamādhi upacārasamādhi vā atthi. Asamāhitanti ubhayasamādhivirahitaṃ. Vimuttanti tadaṅgavikkhambhanavimuttīhi vimuttaṃ. Avimuttanti ubhayavimuttivirahitaṃ, samucchedapaṭippassaddhinissaraṇavimuttīnaṃ pana idha okāsova natthi.

Itiajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ sarāgādipariggahaṇena yasmiṃ yasmiṃ khaṇe yaṃ yaṃ cittaṃ pavattati, taṃ taṃ sallakkhento attano vā citte, parassa vā citte, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa citte cittānupassī viharati. Samudayavayadhammānupassīti ettha pana avijjāsamudayā viāṇasamudayoti (paṭi. ma. 1.50) evaṃ pacahi pacahi ākārehi viāṇassa samudayo ca vayo ca nīharitabbo. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha cittapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā cittapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Cittānupassanāvaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

(Qun tm)

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun tm trn tm?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy, Tỷ-kheo, với tm c tham, tuệ tri: "Tm c tham"; hay với tm khng tham, tuệ tri: "Tm khng tham". Hay với tm c sn, tuệ tri: "Tm c sn"; hay với tm khng sn, tuệ tri: "Tm khng sn". Hay với tm c si, tuệ tri: "Tm c si"; hay với tm khng si, tuệ tri: "Tm khng si". Hay với tm thu nhiếp, tuệ tri: "Tm được thu nhiếp". Hay với tm tn loạn, tuệ tri: "Tm bị tn loạn". Hay với tm quảng đại, tuệ tri: "Tm được quảng đại"; hay với tm khng quảng đại, tuệ tri: "Tm khng được quảng đại". Hay với tm hữu hạn, tuệ tri: "Tm hữu hạn". Hay với tm v thượng, tuệ tri: "Tm v thượng". Hay với tm c định, tuệ tri: "Tm c định"; hay với tm khng định, tuệ tri: "Tm khng định". Hay với tm giải thot, tuệ tri: "Tm c giải thot"; hay với tm khng giải thot, tuệ tri: "Tm khng giải thot".

Như vậy vị ấy sống qun tm trn nội tm; hay sống qun tm trn ngoại tm; hay sống qun tm trn nội tm, ngoại tm. Hay sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn tm; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn tm; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn tm. "C tm đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun tm trn tm.

 

Dhammānupassanā nīvaraṇapabbaṃ

115. Kathaca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pacasu nīvaraṇesu. Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pacasu nīvaraṇesu?

Idha , bhikkhave, bhikkhu santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ kāmacchandaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ kāmacchandoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ kāmacchandaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ kāmacchandoti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannassa kāmacchandassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa kāmacchandassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa kāmacchandassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ byāpādaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ byāpādoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ byāpādaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ byāpādoti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannassa byāpādassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa byāpādassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa byāpādassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhanti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhanti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa thīnamiddhassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa thīnamiddhassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa thīnamiddhassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

 Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccanti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccanti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannassa uddhaccakukkuccassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa uddhaccakukkuccassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vicikicchaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ vicikicchāti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vicikicchaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ vicikicchāti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannāya vicikicchāya uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannāya vicikicchāya pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnāya vicikicchāya āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati , samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. Atthi dhammāti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pacasu nīvaraṇesu.

Nīvaraṇapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

  Dhammānupassanā nīvaraṇapabbavaṇṇanā

115. Evaṃ soḷasavidhena cittānupassanāsatipaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā idāni pacavidhena dhammānupassanaṃ kathetuṃ kathaca, bhikkhavetiādimāha. Apica bhagavatā kāyānupassanāya suddharūpapariggaho kathito, vedanācittānupassanāhi suddhaarūpapariggaho. Idāni rūpārūpamissakapariggahaṃ kathetuṃ kathaca, bhikkhavetiādimāha . Kāyānupassanāya vā rūpakkhandhapariggahova kathito, vedanānupassanāya vedanākkhandhapariggahova, cittānupassanāya viāṇakkhandhapariggahovāti idāni saāsaṅkhārakkhandhapariggahampi kathetuṃ kathaca, bhikkhavetiādimāha.

Tattha santanti abhiṇhasamudācāravasena saṃvijjamānaṃ. Asantanti asamudācāravasena vā pahīnattā vā avijjamānaṃ. Yathā cāti yena kāraṇena kāmacchandassa uppādo hoti. Taca pajānātīti taca kāraṇaṃ pajānāti. Iminā nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo.

Tattha subhanimitte ayonisomanasikārena kāmacchandassa uppādo hoti. Subhanimittaṃ nāma subhampi subhanimittaṃ, subhārammaṇampi subhanimittaṃ. Ayonisomanasikāro nāma anupāyamanasikāro uppathamanasikāro anicce niccanti vā dukkhe sukhanti vā anattani attāti vā asubhe subhanti vā manasikāro, taṃ tattha bahulaṃ pavattayato kāmacchando uppajjati. Tenāha bhagavā atthi, bhikkhave, subhanimittaṃ, tattha ayonisomanasikārabahulīkāro , ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā kāmacchandassa uppādāya uppannassa vā kāmacchandassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Asubhanimitte pana yonisomanasikārenassa pahānaṃ hoti. Asubhanimittaṃ nāma asubhampi asubhārammaṇampi. Yonisomanasikāro nāma upāyamanasikāro pathamanasikāro anicce aniccanti vā dukkhe dukkhanti vā anattani anattāti vā asubhe asubhanti vā manasikāro, taṃ tattha bahulaṃ pavattayato kāmacchando pahīyati. Tenāha bhagavā atthi, bhikkhave, asubhanimittaṃ, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamanāhāro anuppannassa vā kāmacchandassa anuppādāya uppannassa vā kāmacchandassa pahānāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Apica cha dhammā kāmacchandassa pahānāya saṃvattanti asubhanimittassa uggaho asubhabhāvanānuyogo indriyesu guttadvāratā bhojane mattautā kalyāṇamittatā sappāyakathāti. Dasavidhahi asubhanimittaṃ uggaṇhantassāpi kāmacchando pahīyati, bhāventassāpi, indriyesu pihitadvārassāpi, catunnaṃ pacannaṃ ālopānaṃ okāse sati udakaṃ pivitvā yāpanasīlatāya bhojane mattaunopi. Tenetaṃ vuttaṃ

Cattāro paca ālope, abhutvā udakaṃ pive;

Alaṃ phāsuvihārāya, pahitattassa bhikkhunoti. (theragā. 983);

Asubhakammikatissattherasadise asubhabhāvanārate kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi kāmacchando pahīyati, ṭhānanisajjādīsu dasaasubhanissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā kāmacchandassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pahīnassa kāmacchandassa arahattamaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hotīti pajānāti.

Paṭighanimitte ayonisomanasikārena pana byāpādassa uppādo hoti. Tattha paṭighampi paṭighanimittaṃ, paṭighārammaṇampi paṭighanimittaṃ. Ayonisomanasikāro sabbattha ekalakkhaṇova. Taṃ tasmiṃ nimitte bahulaṃ pavattayato byāpādo uppajjati. Tenāha bhagavā atthi, bhikkhave, paṭighanimittaṃ, tattha ayonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā byāpādassa uppādāya uppannassa vā byāpādassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Mettāya pana cetovimuttiyā yonisomanasikārenassa pahānaṃ hoti. Tattha tattha mettāti vutte appanāpi upacāropi vaṭṭati. Cetovimuttīti appanāva. Yonisomanasikāro vuttalakkhaṇova. Taṃ tattha bahulaṃ pavattayato byāpādo pahīyati. Tenāha bhagavā atthi, bhikkhave, mettā cetovimutti, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamanāhāro anuppannassa vā byāpādassa anuppādāya uppannassa vā byāpādassa pahānāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Apica cha dhammā byāpādassa pahānāya saṃvattanti mettānimittassa uggaho mettābhāvanānuyogo kammassakatāpaccavekkhaṇā paṭisaṅkhānabahutā kalyāṇamittatā sappāyakathāti. Odhisakaanodhisakadisāpharaṇānahi aataravasena mettaṃ uggaṇhantassāpi byāpādo pahīyati, odhiso anodhiso disāpharaṇavasena mettaṃ bhāventassāpi. Tvaṃ etassa kuddho kiṃ karissasi, kimassa sīlādīni nāsetuṃ sakkhissasi, nanu tvaṃ attano kammena āgantvā attano kammeneva gamissasi, parassa kujjhanaṃ nāma vītaccitaṅgāra-tattaayasalāka-gūthādīni gahetvā paraṃ paharitukāmatāsadisaṃ hoti. Esopi tava kuddho kiṃ karissati, kiṃ te sīlādīni vināsetuṃ sakkhissati, esa attano kammeneva āgantvā attano kammena gamissati, appaṭicchitapaheṇakaṃ viya paṭivātaṃ khittarajomuṭṭhi viya ca etassevesa kodho matthake patissatīti evaṃ attano ca parassa ca kammassakataṃ paccavekkhatopi, ubhayakammassakataṃ paccavekkhitvā paṭisaṅkhāne ṭhitassāpi, assaguttattherasadise mettābhāvanārate kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi byāpādo pahīyati. Ṭhānanisajjādīsu mettānissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā byāpādassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pahīnassa byāpādassa anāgāmimaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hotīti pajānāti.

Aratiādīsu ayonisomanasikārena thinamiddhassa uppādo hoti. Arati nāma ukkaṇṭhitā. Tandī nāma kāyālasiyatā. Vijambhitā nāma kāyavināmanā. Bhattasammado nāma bhattamucchā bhattapariḷāho. Cetaso līnattaṃ nāma cittassa līnākāro. Imesu aratiādīsu ayonisomanasikāraṃ bahulaṃ pavattayato thinamiddhaṃ uppajjati. Tenāha atthi, bhikkhave, arati tandī vijambhitā bhattasammado cetaso līnattaṃ, tattha ayonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā thinamiddhassa uppādāya uppannassa vā thinamiddhassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Ārambhadhātuādīsu pana yonisomanasikārenassa pahānaṃ hoti. Ārambhadhātu nāma paṭhamārambhavīriyaṃ. Nikkamadhātu nāma kosajjato nikkhantatāya tato balavataraṃ. Parakkamadhātu nāma paraṃ paraṃ ṭhānaṃ akkamanato tatopi balavataraṃ. Imasmiṃ tippabhede vīriye yonisomanasikāraṃ bahulaṃ pavattayato thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati. Tenāha atthi, bhikkhave, ārambhadhātu nikkamadhātu parakkamadhātu, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā thinamiddhassa anuppādāya uppannassa vā thinamiddhassa pahānāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Apica cha dhammā thinamiddhassa pahānāya saṃvattanti, atibhojane nimittaggāho iriyāpathasamparivattanatā ālokasaāmanasikāro abbhokāsavāso kalyāṇamittatā sappāyakathāti. Āharahatthakatatravaṭṭakaalaṃ-sāṭakakākamāsakabhuttavamitakabhojanaṃ bhujitvā rattiṭṭhāne divāṭṭhāne nisinnassa hi samaṇadhammaṃ karoto thinamiddhaṃ mahāhatthī viya ottharantaṃ āgacchati. Catupacaālopaokāsaṃ pana ṭhapetvā pānīyaṃ pivitvā yāpanasīlassa bhikkhuno taṃ na hotīti evaṃ atibhojane nimittaṃ gaṇhantassāpi thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati. Yasmiṃ iriyāpathe thinamiddhaṃ okkamati, tato aaṃ parivattentassāpi, rattiṃ candālokadīpālokaukkāloke divā sūriyālokaṃ manasikarontassāpi, abbhokāse vasantassāpi, mahākassapattherasadise pahīnathinamiddhe kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati. Ṭhānanisajjādīsu dhutaṅganissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā thinamiddhassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti . Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pahīnassa thinamiddhassa arahattamaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hotīti pajānāti.

Cetaso avūpasame ayonisomanasikārena uddhaccakukkuccassa uppādo hoti. Avūpasamo nāma avūpasantākāro. Uddhaccakukkuccamevetaṃ atthato. Tattha ayonisomanasikāraṃ bahulaṃ pavattayato uddhaccakukkuccaṃ uppajjati. Tenāha atthi, bhikkhave, cetaso avūpasamo, tattha ayonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā uddhaccakukkuccassa uppādāya uppannassa vā uddhaccakukkuccassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Samādhisaṅkhāte pana cetaso vūpasame yonisomanasikārenassa pahānaṃ hoti. Tenāha atthi, bhikkhave, cetaso vūpasamo, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā uddhaccakukkuccassa anuppādāya uppannassa vā uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Apica cha dhammā uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānāya saṃvattanti bahussutatā paripucchakatā vinaye pakatautā vuddhasevitā kalyāṇamittatā sappāyakathāti. Bāhusaccenapi hi ekaṃ vā dve vā tayo vā cattāro vā paca vā nikāye pāḷivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaṇhantassāpi uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahīyati. Kappiyākappiyaparipucchābahulassāpi, vinayapaattiyaṃ ciṇṇavasibhāvatāya pakataunopi, vuddhe mahallakatthere upasaṅkamantassāpi, upālittherasadise vinayadhare kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahīyati. Ṭhānanisajjādīsu kappiyākappiyanissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pahīne uddhaccakukkucce uddhaccassa arahattamaggena kukkuccassa anāgāmimaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hotīti pajānāti.

Vicikicchāṭṭhānīyesu dhammesu ayonisomanasikārena vicikicchāya uppādo hoti. Vicikicchāṭṭhānīyā dhammā nāma punappunaṃ vicikicchāya kāraṇattā vicikicchāva. Tattha ayonisomanasikāraṃ bahulaṃ pavattayato vicikicchā uppajjati. Tenāha atthi, bhikkhave, vicikicchāṭṭhānīyā dhammā , tattha ayonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannāya vā vicikicchāya uppādāya uppannāya vā vicikicchāya bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Kusalādīsu dhammesu yonisomanasikārena panassā pahānaṃ hoti. Tenāha atthi, bhikkhave, kusalākusalā dhammā sāvajjānavajjā dhammā sevitabbāsevitabbā dhammā hīnappaṇītā dhammā kaṇhasukkasappaṭibhāgā dhammā, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro , ayamāhāro anuppannāya vā vicikicchāya anuppādāya uppannāya vā vicikicchāya pahānāyāti (saṃ. ni. 5.232).

Apica cha dhammā vicikicchāya pahānāya saṃvattanti bahussutatā paripucchakatā vinaye pakatautā adhimokkhabahulatā kalyāṇamittatā sappāyakathāti. Bāhusaccenapi hi ekaṃ vāpe paca vā nikāye pāḷivasena atthavasena ca uggaṇhantassāpi vicikicchā pahīyati. Tīṇi ratanāni ārabbha paripucchābahulassāpi, vinaye ciṇṇavasibhāvassāpi, tīsu ratanesu okappaniyasaddhāsaṅkhātaadhimokkhabahulassāpi, saddhādhimutte vakkalittherasadise kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi vicikicchā pahīyati. Ṭhānanisajjādīsu tiṇṇaṃ ratanānaṃ guṇanissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā vicikicchāya pahānāya saṃvattantīti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pahīnāya vicikicchāya sotāpattimaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hotīti pajānāti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ pacanīvaraṇapariggahaṇena attano vā dhammesu, parassa vā dhammesu, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati. Samudayavayā panettha subhanimitta asubhanimittādīsu ayonisomanasikārayonisomanasikāravasena pacasu nīvaraṇesu vuttanayena nīharitabbā. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha nīvaraṇapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā nīvaraṇapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Nīvaraṇapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

(Qun php)

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy, Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với năm triền ci. V ny cc Tỷ-kheo, thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với năm triền ci?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy, Tỷ-kheo nội tm c i dục, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c i dục"; hay nội tm khng c i dục, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c i dục". V với i dục chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với i dục đ sanh nay được đoạn diệt, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với i dục đ được đoạn diệt, tương lai khng sanh khởi nữa, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

 

Hay nội tm c sn hận, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c sn hận"; hay nội tm khng c sn hận, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c sn hận". V với sn hận chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với sn hận đ sanh, nay được đoạn diệt, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với sn hận đ được đoạn diệt, tương lai khng sanh khởi nữa, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

Hay nội tm c hn trầm thụy min, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c hn trầm thụy min"; hay nội tm khng c hn trầm thụy min, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c hn trầm thụy min". V với hn trầm thụy min chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với hn trầm thụy min đ sanh nay được đoạn diệt, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với hn trầm thụy min đ được đoạn diệt, tương lai khng sanh khởi nữa, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

Hay nội tm c trạo hối, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c trạo hối"; hay nội tm khng c trạo hối, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c trạo hối". V với trạo hối chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với trạo hối đ sanh nay được đoạn diệt, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với trạo hối đ được đoạn diệt, tương lai khng sanh khởi nữa, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

Hay nội tm c nghi, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c nghi"; hay nội tm khng c nghi, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c nghi". V với nghi chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với nghi đ sanh nay được đoạn diệt, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy; v với nghi đ được đoạn diệt, tương lai khng sanh khởi nữa, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

Như vậy vị ấy sống qun php trn cc nội php; hay sống qun php trn cc ngoại php; hay sống qun php trn cc nội php, ngoại php. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn cc php; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn cc php; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn cc php. "C những php ở đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với năm triền ci.

 

Dhammānupassanā khandhapabbaṃ

116. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pacasu upādānakkhandhesu.

Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pacasu upādānakkhandhesu?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu iti rūpaṃ, iti rūpassa samudayo, iti rūpassa atthaṅgamo; iti vedanā, iti vedanāya samudayo, iti vedanāya atthaṅgamo; iti saā, iti saāya samudayo, iti saāya atthaṅgamo; iti saṅkhārā, iti saṅkhārānaṃ samudayo, iti saṅkhārānaṃ atthaṅgamo; iti viāṇaṃ, iti viāṇassa samudayo, iti viāṇassa atthaṅgamoti; iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. Atthi dhammāti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pacasu upādānakkhandhesu.

Khandhapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

 Khandhapabbavaṇṇanā

116. Evaṃ pacanīvaraṇavasena dhammānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni pacakkhandhavasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha. Tattha pacasu upādānakkhandhesūti upādānassa khandhā upādānakkhandhā, upādānassa paccayabhūtā dhammapujā dhammarāsayoti attho. Ayamettha saṅkhepo . Vitthārato pana khandhakathā visuddhimagge vuttā. Iti rūpanti idaṃ rūpaṃ, ettakaṃ rūpaṃ, na ito paraṃ rūpaṃ atthīti sabhāvato rūpaṃ pajānāti. Vedanādīsupi eseva nayo. Ayamettha saṅkhepo. Vitthārena pana rūpādīni visuddhimagge khandhakathāyameva vuttāni. Iti rūpassa samudayoti evaṃ avijjāsamudayādivasena pacahākārehi rūpassa samudayo. Iti rūpassa atthaṅgamoti evaṃ avijjānirodhādivasena pacahākārehi rūpassa atthaṅgamo, vedanādīsupi eseva nayo. Ayamettha saṅkhepo. Vitthāro pana visuddhimagge udayabbayaāṇakathāyaṃ vutto.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ pacakkhandhapariggahaṇena attano vā dhammesu, parassa vā dhammesu, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati. Samudayavayā panettha avijjāsamudayā rūpasamudayotiādīnaṃ (paṭi. ma. 1.50) pacasu khandhesu vuttānaṃ paāsāya lakkhaṇānaṃ vasena nīharitabbā. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha khandhapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā khandhapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Khandhapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

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Dhammānupassanā āyatanapabbaṃ

117. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesu.

Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesu?

Idha , bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhuca pajānāti, rūpe ca pajānāti, yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ taca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Sotaca pajānāti, sadde ca pajānāti, yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ taca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Ghānaca pajānāti, gandhe ca pajānāti, yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ taca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Jivhaca pajānāti, rase ca pajānāti, yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ taca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Kāyaca pajānāti, phoṭṭhabbe ca pajānāti, yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ taca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Manaca pajānāti, dhamme ca pajānāti, yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ taca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti taca pajānāti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. Atthi dhammāti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesu.

Āyatanapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

 Āyatanapabbavaṇṇanā

117. Evaṃ pacakkhandhavasena dhammānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni āyatanavasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha. Tattha chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesūti cakkhu sotaṃ ghānaṃ jivhā kāyo manoti imesu chasu ajjhattikesu rūpaṃ saddo gandho raso phoṭṭhabbo dhammāti imesu chasu bāhiresu. Cakkhuṃ ca pajānātīti cakkhupasādaṃ yāthāvasarasalakkhaṇavasena pajānāti. Rūpe ca pajānātīti bahiddhā catusamuṭṭhānikarūpaca yāthāvasarasalakkhaṇavasena pajānāti. Yaca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojananti yaca taṃ cakkhuṃ ceva rūpe cāti ubhayaṃ paṭicca kāmarāgasaṃyojanaṃ paṭigha-māna-diṭṭhi-vicikicchā-sīlabbataparāmāsa-bhavarāga-issā-macchariyāvijjāsaṃyojananti dasavidhaṃ saṃyojanaṃ uppajjati, taca yāthāvasarasalakkhaṇavasena pajānāti.

Kathaṃ panetaṃ uppajjatīti? Cakkhudvāre tāva āpāthagataṃ iṭṭhārammaṇaṃ kāmassādavasena assādayato abhinandato kāmarāgasaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Aniṭṭhārammaṇe kujjhato paṭighasaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Ṭhapetvā maṃ na koci ao etaṃ ārammaṇaṃ vibhāvetuṃ samattho atthīti maato mānasaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Etaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ niccaṃ dhuvanti gaṇhato diṭṭhisaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Etaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ satto nu kho, sattassa nu khoti vicikicchato vicikicchāsaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Sampattibhave vata no idaṃ sulabhaṃ jātanti bhavaṃ patthentassa bhavarāgasaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Āyatimpi evarūpaṃ sīlabbataṃ samādiyitvā sakkā laddhunti sīlabbataṃ samādiyantassa sīlabbataparāmāsasaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Aho vata etaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ ae na labheyyunti usūyato issāsaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Attanā laddhaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ aassa maccharāyato macchariyasaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati. Sabbeheva sahajātaaāṇavasena avijjāsaṃyojanaṃ uppajjati.

Yathā ca anuppannassāti yena kāraṇena asamudācāravasena anuppannassa tassa dasavidhassāpi saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti, taca kāraṇaṃ pajānāti. Yathā ca uppannassāti appahīnaṭṭhena pana samudācāravasena vā uppannassa tassa dasavidhassāpi saṃyojanassa yena kāraṇena pahānaṃ hoti, taca kāraṇaṃ pajānāti. Yathā ca pahīnassāti tadaṅgavikkhambhanappahānavasena pahīnassāpi tassa dasavidhassa saṃyojanassa yena kāraṇena āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti, taca pajānāti. Kena kāraṇena panassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti? Diṭṭhivicikicchāsīlabbataparāmāsaissāmacchariyabhedassa tāva pacavidhassa saṃyojanassa sotāpattimaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti. Kāmarāgapaṭighasaṃyojanadvayassa oḷārikassa sakadāgāmimaggena, aṇusahagatassa anāgāmimaggena, mānabhavarāgāvijjāsaṃyojanattayassa arahattamaggena āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti.

Sotaca pajānāti sadde cā tiādīsupi eseva nayo. Apicettha āyatanakathā vitthārato visuddhimagge āyatananiddese vuttanayeneva veditabbā.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ ajjhattikāyatanapariggahaṇena attano vā dhammesu, bāhirāyatanapariggahaṇena parassa vā dhammesu, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati. Samudayavayā panettha avijjāsamudayā cakkhusamudayoti rūpāyatanassa rūpakkhandhe, arūpāyatanesu manāyatanassa viāṇakkhandhe, dhammāyatanassa sesakkhandhesu vuttanayena nīharitabbā. Lokuttaradhammā na gahetabbā. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha āyatanapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā āyatanapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Āyatanapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

 

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Dhammānupassanā bojjhaṅgapabbaṃ

118. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati sattasu bojjhaṅgesu.

Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati sattasu bojjhaṅgesu?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa satisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa satisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti , yathā ca anuppannassa pītisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa pītisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa samādhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa samādhisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti.

Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṃ atthi me ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṃ natthi me ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgoti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti taca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti taca pajānāti .

Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. Atthi dhammāti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati sattasu bojjhaṅgesu.

Bojjhaṅgapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ [bojjhaṅgapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ. paṭhamabhāṇavāraṃ (syā.)].

 

Bojjhaṅgapabbavaṇṇanā

118. Evaṃ cha ajjhattikabāhirāyatanavasena dhammānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni bojjhaṅgavasena vibhajituṃ puna caparanti ādimāha. Tattha bojjhaṅgesūti bujjhanakasattassa aṅgesu. Santanti paṭilābhavasena saṃvijjamānaṃ. Satisambojjhaṅganti satisaṅkhātaṃ sambojjhaṅgaṃ. Ettha hi sambujjhati āraddhavipassakato paṭṭhāya yogāvacaroti sambodhi, yāya vā so satiādikāya sattadhammasāmaggiyā sambujjhati kilesaniddāto uṭṭhāti, saccāni vā paṭivijjhati, sā dhammasāmaggī sambodhi. Tassa sambodhissa, tassā vā sambodhiyā aṅganti sambojjhaṅgaṃ. Tena vuttaṃ satisaṅkhātaṃ sambojjhaṅganti. Sesasambojjhaṅgesupi imināva nayena vacanattho veditabbo.

Asantanti appaṭilābhavasena avijjamānaṃ. Yathā ca anuppannassātiādīsu pana satisambojjhaṅgassa tāva atthi, bhikkhave, satisambojjhaṅgaṭṭhānīyā dhammā, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā satisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā satisambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti (saṃ. ni. 5.183) evaṃ uppādo hoti . Tattha satiyeva satisambojjhaṅgaṭṭhānīyā dhammā. Yonisomanasikāro vuttalakkhaṇoyeva, taṃ tattha bahulaṃ pavattayato satisambojjhaṅgo uppajjati.

Apica cattāro dhammā satisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti satisampajaaṃ muṭṭhassatipuggalaparivajjanatā upaṭṭhitassatipuggalasevanatā tadadhimuttatāti. Abhikkantādīsu hi sattasu ṭhānesu satisampajaena bhattanikkhittakākasadise muṭṭhassatipuggale parivajjanena tissadattattheraabhayattherasadise upaṭṭhitassatipuggale sevanena ṭhānanisajjādīsu satisamuṭṭhāpanatthaṃ ninnapoṇapabbhāracittatāya ca satisambojjhaṅgo uppajjati. Evaṃ catūhi kāraṇehi uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa pana atthi, bhikkhave, kusalākusalā dhammāpe kaṇhasukkasappaṭibhāgā dhammā, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti (saṃ. ni. 5.232) evaṃ uppādo hoti.

Apica satta dhammā dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti paripucchakatā vatthuvisadakiriyā indriyasamattapaṭipādanā duppaapuggalaparivajjanā paavantapuggalasevanā gambhīraāṇacariyapaccavekkhaṇā tadadhimuttatāti. Tattha paripucchakatāti khandhadhātuāyatanaindriyabalabojjhaṅgamaggaṅgajhānaṅga-samathavipassanānaṃ atthasannissitaparipucchābahulatā.

Vatthuvisadakiriyāti ajjhattikabāhirānaṃ vatthūnaṃ visadabhāvakaraṇaṃ. Yadā hissa kesanakhalomā atidīghā honti, sarīraṃ vā ussannadosaceva sedamalamakkhitaca, tadā ajjhattikaṃ vatthu avisadaṃ hoti aparisuddhaṃ . Yadā pana cīvaraṃ jiṇṇaṃ kiliṭṭhaṃ duggandhaṃ hoti, senāsanaṃ vā uklāpaṃ, tadā bāhiraṃ vatthu avisadaṃ hoti aparisuddhaṃ. Tasmā kesādicchedāpanena uddhaṃvirecanaadhovirecanādīhi sarīrasallahukabhāvakaraṇena ucchādananhāpanena ca ajjhattikaṃ vatthu visadaṃ kātabbaṃ.

Sūcikammadhovanarajanaparibhaṇḍakaraṇādīhi bāhiraṃ vatthu visadaṃ kātabbaṃ. Etasmihi ajjhattikabāhire vatthusmiṃ avisade uppannesu cittacetasikesu āṇampi aparisuddhaṃ hoti, aparisuddhāni dīpakapallakavaṭṭitelāni nissāya uppannadīpasikhāya obhāso viya. Visade pana ajjhattikabāhire vatthumhi uppannesu cittacetasikesu āṇampi visadaṃ hoti, parisuddhāni dīpakapallakavaṭṭitelāni nissāya uppannadīpasikhāya obhāso viya. Tena vuttaṃ vatthuvisadakiriyā dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattatīti.

Indriyasamattapaṭipādanā nāma saddhādīnaṃ indriyānaṃ samabhāvakaraṇaṃ. Sace hissa saddhindriyaṃ balavaṃ hoti, itarāni mandāni. Tato vīriyindriyaṃ paggahakiccaṃ, satindriyaṃ upaṭṭhānakiccaṃ, samādhindriyaṃ avikkhepakiccaṃ, paindriyaṃ dassanakiccaṃ kātuṃ na sakkoti. Tasmā taṃ dhammasabhāvapaccavekkhaṇena vā yathā vā manasikaroto balavaṃ jātaṃ, tathā amanasikārena hāpetabbaṃ. Vakkalittherassa vatthu cettha nidassanaṃ. Sace pana vīriyindriyaṃ balavaṃ hoti, atha neva saddhindriyaṃ adhimokkhakiccaṃ kātuṃ sakkoti, na itarāni itarakiccabhedaṃ. Tasmā taṃ passaddhādibhāvanāya hāpetabbaṃ. Tatrāpi soṇattherassa vatthu dassetabbaṃ. Evaṃ sesesupi ekassa balavabhāve sati itaresaṃ attano kiccesu asamatthatā veditabbā.

Visesato panettha saddhāpaānaṃ samādhivīriyānaṃ ca samataṃ pasaṃsanti. Balavasaddho hi mandapao mudhāpasanno hoti, avatthusmiṃ pasīdati. Balavapao mandasaddho kerāṭikapakkhaṃ bhajati. Bhesajjasamuṭṭhito viya rogo atekiccho hoti. Cittuppādamatteneva kusalaṃ hotīti atidhāvitvā dānādīni akaronto niraye uppajjati. Ubhinnaṃ samatāya vatthusmiṃyeva pasīdati . Balavasamādhiṃ pana mandavīriyaṃ samādhissa kosajjapakkhattā kosajjaṃ adhibhavati. Balavavīriyaṃ mandasamādhiṃ vīriyassa uddhaccapakkhattā uddhaccaṃ adhibhavati . Samādhi pana vīriyena saṃyojito kosajje patituṃ na labhati. Vīriyaṃ samādhinā saṃyojitaṃ uddhacce patituṃ na labhati. Tasmā tadubhayaṃ samaṃ kātabbaṃ. Ubhayasamatāya hi appanā hoti.

Apica samādhikammikassa balavatīpi saddhā vaṭṭati. Evaṃ saddahanto okappento appanaṃ pāpuṇissati. Samādhipaāsu pana samādhikammikassa ekaggatā balavatī vaṭṭati, evahi so appanaṃ pāpuṇāti. Vipassanākammikassa paā balavatī vaṭṭati, evahi so lakkhaṇappaṭivedhaṃ pāpuṇāti. Ubhinnaṃ pana samatāyapi appanā hotiyeva. Sati pana sabbattha balavatī vaṭṭati. Sati hi cittaṃ uddhaccapakkhikānaṃ saddhāvīriyapaānaṃ vasena uddhaccapātato, kosajjapakkhikena ca samādhinā kosajjapātato rakkhati. Tasmā sā loṇadhūpanaṃ viya sabbabyajanesu sabbakammikaamacco viya ca sabbarājakiccesu sabbattha icchitabbā. Tenāha sati ca pana sabbatthikā vuttā bhagavatā. Kiṃ kāraṇā? Cittahi sati paṭisaraṇaṃ, ārakkhapaccupaṭṭhānā ca sati, na ca vinā satiyā cittassa paggahaniggaho hotīti.

Duppaapuggalaparivajjanā nāma khandhādibhede anogāḷhapaānaṃ dummedhapuggalānaṃ ārakāva parivajjanaṃ. Paavantapuggalasevanā nāma samapaāsalakkhaṇapariggāhikāya udayabbayapaāya samannāgatapuggalasevanā. Gambhīraāṇacariyapaccavekkhaṇā nāma gambhīresu khandhādīsu pavattāya gambhīrapaāya pabhedapaccavekkhaṇā. Tadadhimuttatā nāma ṭhānanisajjādīsu dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgasamuṭṭhāpanatthaṃ ninnapoṇapabbhāracittatā. Evaṃ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa atthi, bhikkhave, ārabbhadhātu nikkamadhātu parakkamadhātu, tattha yoniso manasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti (saṃ. ni. 5.232) evaṃ uppādo hoti.

Apica ekādasa dhammā vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti apāyabhayapaccavekkhaṇatā ānisaṃsadassāvitā gamanavīthipaccavekkhaṇatā piṇḍapātāpacāyanatā dāyajjamahattapaccavekkhaṇatā satthumahattapaccavekkhaṇatā jātimahattapaccavekkhaṇatā sabrahmacārimahattapaccavekkhaṇatā kusītapuggalaparivajjanatā āraddhavīriyapuggalasevanatā tadadhimuttatāti.

Tattha nirayesu pacavidhabandhanakammakāraṇato paṭṭhāya mahādukkhaṃ anubhavanakālepi, tiracchānayoniyaṃ jālakkhipakumīnādīhi gahitakālepi, pājanakaṇṭakādippahāratunnassa pana sakaṭavāhanādikālepi, pettivisaye anekānipi vassasahassāni ekaṃ buddhantarampi khuppipāsāhi āturitakālepi, kālakajikaasuresu saṭṭhihatthaasītihatthappamāṇena aṭṭhicammamatteneva attabhāvena vātātapādidukkhānubhavanakālepi na sakkā vīriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ uppādetuṃ. Ayameva te bhikkhu kālo vīriyakaraṇāyāti evaṃ apāyabhayaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi vīriyasambojjhaṅgo uppajjati.

Na sakkā kusītena navalokuttaradhammaṃ laddhuṃ, āraddhavīriyeneva sakkā ayamānisaṃso vīriyassāti evaṃ ānisaṃsadassāvinopi uppajjati. Sabbabuddhapaccekabuddhamahāsāvakehi te gatamaggo gantabbo, so ca na sakkā kusītena gantunti evaṃ gamanavīthiṃ paccavekkhantassāpi uppajjati. Ye taṃ piṇḍapātādīhi upaṭṭhahanti, ime te manussā neva ātakā, na dāsakammakarā, nāpi taṃ nissāya jīvissāmāti te paṇītāni piṇḍapātādīni denti, atha kho attano kārānaṃ mahapphalataṃ paccāsīsamānā denti, satthārāpi ayaṃ ime paccaye paribhujitvā kāyadaḷhībahulo sukhaṃ viharissatīti na evaṃ sampassatā tuyhaṃ paccayā anuātā, atha kho ayaṃ ime paribhujamāno samaṇadhammaṃ katvā vaṭṭadukkhato muccissatīti te paccayā anuātā, so dāni tvaṃ kusīto viharanto na taṃ piṇḍaṃ apacāyissasi, āraddhavīriyasseva hi piṇḍapātāpacāyanaṃ nāma hotīti evaṃ piṇḍapātāpacāyanaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi uppajjati mahāmittattherassa viya.

Thero kira kassakaleṇe nāma paṭivasati. Tassa ca gocaragāme ekā mahāupāsikā theraṃ puttaṃ katvā paṭijaggati. Sā ekadivasaṃ araaṃ gacchantī dhītaraṃ āha amma asukasmiṃ ṭhāne purāṇataṇḍulā, asukasmiṃ khīraṃ, asukasmiṃ sappi, asukasmiṃ phāṇitaṃ, tava bhātikassa ayyamittassa āgatakāle bhattaṃ pacitvā khīrasappiphāṇitehi saddhiṃ dehi, tvaṃ ca bhujeyyāsi, ahaṃ pana hiyyo pakkaṃ pārivāsikabhattaṃ kajikena bhuttāmhīti. Divā kiṃ bhujissasi ammāti? Sākapaṇṇaṃ pakkhipitvā kaṇataṇḍulehi ambilayāguṃ pacitvā ṭhapehi ammāti.

Thero cīvaraṃ pārupitvā pattaṃ nīharantova taṃ saddaṃ sutvā attānaṃ ovadi mahāupāsikā kira kajiyena pārivāsikabhattaṃ bhuji, divāpi kaṇapaṇṇambilayāguṃ bhujissati, tuyhaṃ atthāya pana purāṇataṇḍulādīni ācikkhati, taṃ nissāya kho panesā neva khettaṃ na vatthuṃ na bhattaṃ na vatthaṃ paccāsīsati, tisso pana sampattiyo patthayamānā deti, tvaṃ etissā tā sampattiyo dātuṃ sakkhissasi na sakkhissasīti, ayaṃ kho pana piṇḍapāto tayā sarāgena sadosena samohena na sakkā gaṇhitunti pattaṃ thavikāya pakkhipitvā gaṇṭhikaṃ mucitvā nivattitvā kassakaleṇameva gantvā pattaṃ heṭṭhāmace cīvaraṃ cīvaravaṃse ṭhapetvā arahattaṃ apāpuṇitvā na nikkhamissāmīti vīriyaṃ adhiṭṭhahitvā nisīdi. Dīgharattaṃ appamatto hutvā nivutthabhikkhu vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā purebhattameva arahattaṃ patvā vikasitaṃ viya padumaṃ mahākhīṇāsavo sitaṃ karontova nikkhami. Leṇadvāre rukkhamhi adhivatthā devatā

Namo te purisājaa, namo te purisuttama;

Yassa te āsavā khīṇā, dakkhiṇeyyosi mārisāti.

Evaṃ udānaṃ udānetvā bhante, piṇḍāya paviṭṭhānaṃ tumhādisānaṃ arahantānaṃ bhikkhaṃ datvā mahallakitthiyo dukkhā muccissantīti āha.

Thero uṭṭhahitvā dvāraṃ vivaritvā kālaṃ olokento pātoyevāti atvā pattacīvaramādāya gāmaṃ pāvisi. Dārikāpi bhattaṃ sampādetvā idāni me bhātā āgamissati , idāni āgamissatīti dvāraṃ olokayamānā nisīdi. Sā there gharadvāraṃ sampatte pattaṃ gahetvā sappiphāṇitayojitassa khīrapiṇḍapātassa pūretvā hatthe ṭhapesi. Thero sukhaṃ hotūti anumodanaṃ katvā pakkāmi. Sāpi taṃ olokayamānāva aṭṭhāsi. Therassa hi tadā ativiya parisuddho chavivaṇṇo ahosi, vippasannāni indriyāni, mukhaṃ bandhanā pamuttatālapakkaṃ viya ativiya virocittha. Mahāupāsikā araā āgantvā kiṃ amma, bhātiko te āgatoti pucchi. Sā sabbaṃ taṃ pavattiṃ ārocesi. Sā upāsikā ajja me puttassa pabbajitakiccaṃ matthakaṃ pattanti atvā abhiramati te amma bhātā buddhasāsane na ukkaṇṭhatīti āha.

Mahantaṃ kho panetaṃ satthu dāyajjaṃ, yadidaṃ sattaariyadhanaṃ nāma, taṃ na sakkā kusītena gahetuṃ. Yathā hi vippaṭipannaṃ puttaṃ mātāpitaro ayaṃ amhākaṃ aputtoti paribāhiraṃ karonti, so tesaṃ accayena dāyajjaṃ na labhati, evaṃ kusītopi idaṃ ariyadhanadāyajjaṃ na labhati, āraddhavīriyova labhatīti dāyajjamahattataṃ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati. Mahā kho pana te satthā, satthuno hi mātukucchismiṃ paṭisandhiggahaṇakālepi abhinikkhamanepi abhisambodhiyampi dhammacakkappavattanayamakapāṭihāriyadevorohaṇa-āyusaṅkhāravossajjanesupi parinibbānakālepi dasasahassilokadhātu kampittha, yuttaṃ nu te evarūpassa satthuno sāsane pabbajitvā kusītena bhavitunti evaṃ satthumahattaṃ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.

Jātiyāpi tvaṃ idāni na lāmakajātiko, asambhinnāya mahāsammatapaveṇiyā āgato, ukkākarājavaṃse jātosi, suddhodhanamahārājassa mahāmāyādeviyā ca nattā, rāhulabhaddassa kaniṭṭho, tayā nāma evarūpena jinaputtena hutvā na yuttaṃ kusītena viharitunti evaṃ jātimahattaṃ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati. Sāriputtamoggallānā ceva asīti ca mahāsāvakā vīriyeneva lokuttaradhammaṃ paṭivijjhiṃsu, tvaṃ etesaṃ sabrahmacārīnaṃ maggaṃ paṭipajjissasi na paṭipajjissasīti evaṃ sabrahmacārimahattaṃ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati. Kucchiṃ pūretvā ṭhitaajagarasadise vissaṭṭhakāyikacetasikavīriye kusītapuggale parivajjantassāpi, āraddhavīriye pahitatte puggale sevantassāpi, ṭhānanisajjādīsu vīriyuppādanatthaṃ ninnapoṇapabbhāracittassāpi uppajjati. Evaṃ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Pītisambojjhaṅgassa atthi, bhikkhave, pītisambojjhaṅgaṭṭhānīyā dhammā, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā pītisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā pītisambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti (saṃ. ni. 5.232) evaṃ uppādo hoti. Tattha pītiyeva pītisambojjhaṅgaṭṭhānīyā dhammā nāma, tassa uppādakamanasikāro yonisomanasikāro nāma.

Apica ekādasa dhammā pītisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti buddhānussati dhammasaṅghasīlacāgadevatānussati upasamānussati lūkhapuggalaparivajjanatā siniddhapuggalasevanatā pasādanīyasuttantapaccavekkhaṇatā tadadhimuttatāti.

Buddhaguṇe anussarantassāpi hi yāva upacārā sakalasarīraṃ pharamāno pītisambojjhaṅgo uppajjati. Dhammasaṅghaguṇe anussarantassāpi, dīgharattaṃ akhaṇḍaṃ katvā rakkhitaṃ catupārisuddhisīlaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi, gihino dasasīlapacasīlaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi, dubbhikkhabhayādīsu paṇītaṃ bhojanaṃ sabrahmacārīnaṃ datvā evaṃ nāma adamhāti cāgaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi, gihinopi evarūpe kāle sīlavantānaṃ dinnadānaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi, yehi guṇehi samannāgatā devatā devattaṃ pattā, tathārūpānaṃ guṇānaṃ attani atthitaṃ paccavekkhantassāpi, samāpattiyā vikkhambhitā kilesā saṭṭhipi, sattatipi vassāni na samudācarantīti paccavekkhantassāpi, cetiyadassanabodhidassanatheradassanesu asakkaccakiriyāya saṃsūcitalūkhabhāve buddhādīsu pasādasinehābhāvena gadrabhapiṭṭhe rajasadise lūkhapuggale parivajjantassāpi, buddhādīsu pasādabahule muducitte siniddhapuggale sevantassāpi, ratanattayaguṇaparidīpake pasādanīye suttante paccavekkhantassāpi, ṭhānanisajjādīsu pītiuppādanatthaṃ ninnapoṇapabbhāracittassāpi uppajjati. Evaṃ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa  atthi, bhikkhave, kāyapassaddhi cittapassaddhi, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti evaṃ uppādo hoti.

Apica satta dhammā passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti paṇītabhojanasevanatā utusukhasevanatā iriyāpathasukhasevanatā majjhattapayogatā sāraddhakāyapuggalaparivajjanatā passaddhakāyapuggalasevanatā tadadhimuttatāti.

Paṇītahi siniddhaṃ sappāyabhojanaṃ bhujantassāpi, sītuṇhesu utūsu ṭhānādīsu iriyāpathesu sappāyaṃ utuṃ ca iriyāpathaṃ ca sevantassāpi passaddhi uppajjati. Yo pana mahāpurisajātiko sabbautuiriyāpathakkhamova hoti, na taṃ sandhāyetaṃ vuttaṃ. Yassa sabhāgavisabhāgatā atthi, tasseva visabhāge utuiriyāpathe vajjetvā sabhāge sevantassāpi uppajjati. Majjhattapayogo vuccati attano ca parassa ca kammassakatāpaccavekkhaṇā, iminā majjhattapayogena uppajjati. Yo leḍḍudaṇḍādīhi paraṃ viheṭhayamānova vicarati. Evarūpaṃ sāraddhakāyaṃ puggalaṃ parivajjantassāpi, saṃyatapādapāṇiṃ passaddhakāyaṃ puggalaṃ sevantassāpi, ṭhānanisajjādīsu passaddhiuppādanatthāya ninnapoṇapabbhāracittassāpi uppajjati. Evaṃ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Samādhisambojjhaṅgassa atthi, bhikkhave, samathanimittaṃ abyagganimittaṃ, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā samādhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā samādhisambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti (saṃ. ni. 5.232) evaṃ uppādo hoti. Tattha samathova samathanimittaṃ, avikkhepaṭṭhena ca abyagganimittanti.

Apica ekādasa dhammā samādhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti vatthuvisadakiriyatā indriyasamattapaṭipādanatā nimittakusalatā samaye cittassa paggahaṇatā samaye cittassa niggahaṇatā samaye sampahaṃsanatā samaye ajjhupekkhanatā asamāhitapuggalaparivajjanatā samāhitapuggalasevanatā jhānavimokkhapaccavekkhaṇatā tadadhimuttatāti. Tattha vatthuvisadakiriyatā ca indriyasamattapaṭipādanatā ca vuttanayeneva veditabbā.

Nimittakusalatā nāma kasiṇanimittassa uggahaṇakusalatā. Samaye cittassa paggahaṇatāti yasmiṃ samaye atisithilavīriyatādīhi līnaṃ cittaṃ hoti, tasmiṃ samaye dhammavicayavīriyasambojjhaṅgasamuṭṭhāpanena tassa paggahaṇaṃ. Samaye cittassa niggahaṇatāti yasmiṃ samaye accāraddhavīriyatādīhi uddhataṃ cittaṃ hoti, tasmiṃ samaye passaddhisamādhiupekkhāsambojjhaṅgasamuṭṭhāpanena tassa niggahaṇaṃ. Samaye sampahaṃsanatāti yasmiṃ samaye cittaṃ paāpayogamandatāya vā upasamasukhānadhigamena vā nirassādaṃ hoti, tasmiṃ samaye aṭṭhasaṃvegavatthupaccavekkhaṇena saṃvejeti. Aṭṭha saṃvegavatthūni nāma jātijarābyādhimaraṇāni cattāri, apāyadukkhaṃ pacamaṃ, atīte vaṭṭamūlakaṃ dukkhaṃ, anāgate vaṭṭamūlakaṃ dukkhaṃ, paccuppanne āhārapariyeṭṭhimūlakaṃ dukkhanti. Ratanattayaguṇānussaraṇena ca pasādaṃ janeti. Ayaṃ vuccati samaye sampahaṃsanatāti.

Samaye ajjhupekkhanatā nāma yasmiṃ samaye sammāpaṭipattiṃ āgamma alīnaṃ anuddhataṃ anirassādaṃ ārammaṇe samappavattaṃ samathavīthipaṭipannaṃ cittaṃ hoti, tadāssa paggahaniggahasampahaṃsanesu na byāpāraṃ āpajjati sārathi viya samappavattesu. Assesu. Ayaṃ vuccati samaye ajjhupekkhanatāti. Asamāhitapuggalaparivajjanatā nāma upacāraṃ vā appanaṃ vā appattānaṃ vikkhittacittānaṃ puggalānaṃ ārakā parivajjanaṃ. Samāhitapuggalasevanatā nāma upacārena vā appanāya vā samāhitacittānaṃ sevanā bhajanā payirupāsanā. Tadadhimuttatā nāma ṭhānanisajjādīsu samādhiuppādanatthaṃyeva ninnapoṇapabbhāracittatā. Evahi paṭipajjato esa uppajjati. Evaṃ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa atthi, bhikkhave, upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṭṭhānīyā dhammā, tattha yonisomanasikārabahulīkāro, ayamāhāro anuppannassa vā upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya, uppannassa vā upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā saṃvattatīti (saṃ. ni. 5.232) evaṃ uppādo hoti. Tattha upekkhāyeva upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṭṭhānīyā dhammā nāma.

Apica paca dhammā upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa uppādāya saṃvattanti sattamajjhattatā saṅkhāramajjhattatā sattasaṅkhārakelāyanapuggalaparivajjanatā sattasaṅkhāramajjhattapuggalasevanatā tadadhimuttatāti.

Tattha dvīhākārehi sattamajjhattataṃ samuṭṭhāpeti tvaṃ attano kammena āgantvā attano kammena gamissasi, esopi attano kammena āgantvā attano kammena gamissati, tvaṃ kaṃ kelāyasīti evaṃ kammassakatāpaccavekkhaṇena ca, paramatthato sattoyeva natthi, so tvaṃ kaṃ kelāyasīti evaṃ nissattapaccavekkhaṇena ca. Dvīhevākārehi saṅkhāramajjhattataṃ samuṭṭhāpeti idaṃ cīvaraṃ anupubbena vaṇṇavikāraṃ ceva jiṇṇabhāvaṃ ca upagantvā pādapuchanacoḷakaṃ hutvā yaṭṭhikoṭiyā chaḍḍanīyaṃ bhavissati, sace panassa sāmiko bhaveyya, nāssa evaṃ vinassituṃ dadeyyāti evaṃ asāmikabhāvaṃ paccavekkhaṇena, anaddhaniyaṃ idaṃ tāvakālikanti evaṃ tāvakālikatāpaccavekkhaṇena ca. Yathā ca cīvare, evaṃ pattādīsupi yojanā kātabbā.

Sattasaṅkhārakelāyanapuggalaparivajjanatāti ettha yo puggalo gihi vā attano puttadhītādike, pabbajito vā attano antevāsikasamānupajjhāyakādike mamāyati, sahattheneva nesaṃ kesacchedanasūcikammacīvaradhovanarajanapattapacanādīni karoti, muhuttampi apassanto asuko sāmaṇero kuhiṃ, asuko daharo kuhinti bhantamigo viya ito cito ca āloketi , aena kesacchedanādīnaṃ atthāya muhuttaṃ tāva asukaṃ pesethāti yācīyamānopi amhepi taṃ attano kammaṃ na kārema, tumhe taṃ gahetvā kilamessathāti na deti. Ayaṃ sattakelāyano nāma. Yo pana pattacīvarathālakakattarayaṭṭhiādīni mamāyati, aassa hatthena parāmasitumpi na deti, tāvakālikaṃ yācito mayampi idaṃ mamāyantā na paribhujāma, tumhākaṃ kiṃ dassāmāti vadati. Ayaṃ saṅkhārakelāyano nāma. Yo pana tesu dvīsupi vatthūsu majjhatto udāsino. Ayaṃ sattasaṅkhāramajjhatto nāma. Iti ayaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo evarūpaṃ sattasaṅkhārakelāyanaṃ puggalaṃ ārakā parivajjantassāpi, sattasaṅkhāramajjhattapuggalaṃ sevantassāpi, ṭhānanisajjādīsu taduppādanatthaṃ ninnapoṇapabbhāracittassāpi uppajjati. Evaṃ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bhāvanāpāripūrī hotīti pajānāti.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ attano vā satta sambojjhaṅge pariggaṇhitvā, parassa vā, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa bojjhaṅge pariggaṇhitvā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati. Samudayavayā panettha bojjhaṅgānaṃ nibbattinirodhavasena veditabbā. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha bojjhaṅgapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā bojjhaṅgapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Bojjhaṅgapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

 

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với Bảy Gic chi.

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với Bảy Gic chi?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy Tỷ-kheo nội tm c niệm gic chi, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c niệm gic chi"; hay nội tm khng c niệm gic chi, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c niệm gic chi". V với niệm gic chi chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy, v với niệm gic chi đ sanh, nay được tu tập vin thnh, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

 

Hay Tỷ-kheo nội tm c trạch php gic chi... (như trn)... hay nội tm c tinh tấn gic chi... (như trn)... hay nội tm c hỷ gic chi... (như trn)... hay nội tm c khinh an gic chi... (như trn)... hay nội tm c định gic chi... (như trn)... hay nội tm c xả gic chi, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti c xả gic chi"; hay nội tm khng c xả gic chi, tuệ tri: "Nội tm ti khng c xả gic chi". V với xả gic chi chưa sanh nay sanh khởi, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy, v với xả gic chi đ sanh nay được tu tập vin thnh, vị ấy tuệ tri như vậy.

Như vậy vị ấy sống qun php trn cc nội php; hay sống qun php trn cc ngoại php; hay sống qun php trn cc nội php, ngoại php. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn cc php; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn cc php; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn cc php. "C những php ở đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với Bảy Gic chi.

 

Dhammānupassanā saccapabbaṃ

119. Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati catūsu ariyasaccesu. Kathaca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati catūsu ariyasaccesu?

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti.

Paṭhamabhāṇavāro niṭṭhito.

  Catusaccapabbavaṇṇanā

119. Evaṃ sattabojjhaṅgavasena dhammānupassanaṃ vibhajitvā idāni catusaccavasena vibhajituṃ puna caparantiādimāha.

Tattha idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānātīti ṭhapetvā taṇhaṃ tebhūmake dhamme idaṃ dukkhanti yathāsabhāvato pajānāti, tasseva kho pana dukkhassa janikaṃ samuṭṭhāpikaṃ purimataṇhaṃ ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti, ubhinnaṃ appavattiṃ nibbānaṃ ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti, dukkhaparijānanaṃ samudayapajahanaṃ nirodhasacchikaraṇaṃ ariyamaggaṃ ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathāsabhāvato pajānātīti attho. Avasesā ariyasaccakathā visuddhimagge vitthāritāyeva.

Iti ajjhattaṃ vāti evaṃ attano vā cattāri saccāni pariggaṇhitvā, parassa vā, kālena vā attano, kālena vā parassa cattāri saccāni pariggaṇhitvā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati. Samudayavayā panettha catunnaṃ saccānaṃ yathāsambhavato uppattinivattivasena veditabbā. Ito paraṃ vuttanayameva.

Kevalahi idha catusaccapariggāhikā sati dukkhasaccanti evaṃ yojanaṃ katvā saccapariggāhakassa bhikkhuno niyyānamukhaṃ veditabbaṃ. Sesaṃ tādisamevāti.

Catusaccapabbavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Ettāvatā ānāpānaṃ catuiriyāpathaṃ catusampajaaṃ dvattiṃsākāraṃ catudhātuvavatthānaṃ navasivathikā vedanānupassanā cittānupassanā nīvaraṇapariggaho khandhapariggaho āyatanapariggaho bojjhaṅgapariggaho saccapariggahoti ekavīsati kammaṭṭhānāni vuttāni. Tesu ānāpānaṃ dvattiṃsākāro navasivathikāti ekādasa appanākammaṭṭhānāni honti. Dīghabhāṇakamahāsīvatthero pana navasivathikā ādīnavānupassanāvasena vuttāti āha. Tasmā tassa matena dveyeva appanākammaṭṭhānāni, sesāni upacārakammaṭṭhānāni. Kiṃ panetesu sabbesu abhiniveso jāyatīti? Na jāyati. Iriyāpathasampajaanīvaraṇabojjhaṅgesu hi abhiniveso na jāyati, sesesu jāyatīti. Mahāsīvatthero panāha etesupi abhiniveso jāyati, ayahi atthi nu kho me cattāro iriyāpathā, udāhu natthi, atthi nu kho me catusampajaaṃ, udāhu natthi, atthi nu kho me pacanīvaraṇā, udāhu natthi, atthi nu kho me sattabojjhaṅgā, udāhu natthīti evaṃ pariggaṇhāti, tasmā sabbattha abhiniveso jāyatīti.

Lại nữa, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, vị ấy sống qun php trn cc php đối với Bốn Thnh đế. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, thế no l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với Bốn Thnh đế?

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, ở đy, Tỷ-kheo như thật tuệ tri: "y l Khổ"; như thật tuệ tri: "y l Khổ tập"; như thật tuệ tri: "y l Khổ diệt"; như thật tuệ tri: "y l Con đường đưa đến Khổ diệt".

 

Dukkhasaccaniddeso

120. Katamaca , bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ? Jātipi dukkhā, jarāpi dukkhā, maraṇampi dukkhaṃ, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsāpi dukkhā, appiyehi sampayogopi dukkho, piyehi vippayogopi dukkho [appiyehipe vippayogopi dukkhoti pāṭho ceva taṃniddeso ca sī. pī. potthakesu na dissati, sumaṅgalavilāsiniyaṃpi taṃsaṃvaṇṇanā natthi], yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ, saṃkhittena pacupādānakkhandhā [pacupādānakkhandhāpi (ka.)] dukkhā.

121. Katamā ca, bhikkhave, jāti? Yā tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jāti sajāti okkanti abhinibbatti khandhānaṃ pātubhāvo āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, jāti.

122. Katamā ca, bhikkhave, jarā? Yā tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jarā jīraṇatā khaṇḍiccaṃ pāliccaṃ valittacatā āyuno saṃhāni indriyānaṃ paripāko, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, jarā.

123. Katamaca, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ? Yaṃ [sumaṅgalavilāsinī oloketabbā] tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā tamhā sattanikāyā cuti cavanatā bhedo antaradhānaṃ maccu maraṇaṃ kālaṅkiriyā khandhānaṃ bhedo kaḷevarassa nikkhepo jīvitindriyassupacchedo, idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ.

124. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, soko? Yo kho, bhikkhave, aataraatarena byasanena samannāgatassa aataraatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa soko socanā socitattaṃ antosoko antoparisoko, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, soko.

125. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, paridevo? Yo kho, bhikkhave, aataraatarena byasanena samannāgatassa aataraatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa ādevo paridevo ādevanā paridevanā ādevitattaṃ paridevitattaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, paridevo.

126. Katamaca, bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ? Yaṃ kho, bhikkhave, kāyikaṃ dukkhaṃ kāyikaṃ asātaṃ kāyasamphassajaṃ dukkhaṃ asātaṃ vedayitaṃ, idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ.

127. Katamaca, bhikkhave, domanassaṃ? Yaṃ kho, bhikkhave, cetasikaṃ dukkhaṃ cetasikaṃ asātaṃ manosamphassajaṃ dukkhaṃ asātaṃ vedayitaṃ, idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, domanassaṃ.

128. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, upāyāso? Yo kho, bhikkhave, aataraatarena byasanena samannāgatassa aataraatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa āyāso upāyāso āyāsitattaṃ upāyāsitattaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, upāyāso.

129. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho? Idha yassa te honti aniṭṭhā akantā amanāpā rūpā saddā gandhā rasā phoṭṭhabbā dhammā, ye vā panassa te honti anatthakāmā ahitakāmā aphāsukakāmā ayogakkhemakāmā, yā tehi saddhiṃ saṅgati samāgamo samodhānaṃ missībhāvo, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho.

130. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, piyehi vippayogo dukkho? Idha yassa te honti iṭṭhā kantā manāpā rūpā saddā gandhā rasā phoṭṭhabbā dhammā, ye vā panassa te honti atthakāmā hitakāmā phāsukakāmā yogakkhemakāmā mātā vā pitā vā bhātā vā bhaginī vā mittā vā amaccā vā ātisālohitā vā, yā tehi saddhiṃ asaṅgati asamāgamo asamodhānaṃ amissībhāvo, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, piyehi vippayogo dukkho.

131. Katamaca, bhikkhave, yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ? Jātidhammānaṃ, bhikkhave , sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati aho vata mayaṃ na jātidhammā assāma, na ca vata no jāti āgaccheyyāti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Jarādhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati aho vata mayaṃ na jarādhammā assāma, na ca vata no jarā āgaccheyyāti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Byādhidhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati aho vata mayaṃ na byādhidhammā assāma, na ca vata no byādhi āgaccheyyāti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Maraṇadhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati aho vata mayaṃ na maraṇadhammā assāma, na ca vata no maraṇaṃ āgaccheyyāti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati aho vata mayaṃ na sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammā assāma, na ca vata no sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammā āgaccheyyunti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ.

132. Katame ca, bhikkhave, saṃkhittena pacupādānakkhandhā dukkhā? Seyyathidaṃ rūpupādānakkhandho, vedanupādānakkhandho, saupādānakkhandho, saṅkhārupādānakkhandho, viāṇupādānakkhandho. Ime vuccanti, bhikkhave, saṃkhittena pacupādānakkhandhā dukkhā. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ.

Samudayasaccaniddeso

133. Katamaca, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudayaṃ [dukkhasamudayo (syā.)] ariyasaccaṃ? Yāyaṃ taṇhā ponobbhavikā [ponobhavikā (sī. pī.)] nandīrāgasahagatā [nandirāgasahagatā (sī. syā. pī.)] tatratatrābhinandinī. Seyyathidaṃ kāmataṇhā bhavataṇhā vibhavataṇhā.

Sā kho panesā, bhikkhave, taṇhā kattha uppajjamānā uppajjati, kattha nivisamānā nivisati? Yaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Kica loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ? Cakkhu loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati. Sotaṃ lokepe ghānaṃ loke jivhā loke kāyo loke mano loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rūpā loke saddā loke gandhā loke rasā loke phoṭṭhabbā loke dhammā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Cakkhuviāṇaṃ loke sotaviāṇaṃ loke ghānaviāṇaṃ loke jivhāviāṇaṃ loke kāyaviāṇaṃ loke manoviāṇaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Cakkhusamphasso loke sotasamphasso loke ghānasamphasso loke jivhāsamphasso loke kāyasamphasso loke manosamphasso loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Cakkhusamphassajā vedanā loke sotasamphassajā vedanā loke ghānasamphassajā vedanā loke jivhāsamphassajā vedanā loke kāyasamphassajā vedanā loke manosamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rūpasaā loke saddasaā loke gandhasaā loke rasasaā loke phoṭṭhabbasaā loke dhammasaā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rūpasacetanā loke saddasacetanā loke gandhasacetanā loke rasasacetanā loke phoṭṭhabbasacetanā loke dhammasacetanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rūpataṇhā loke saddataṇhā loke gandhataṇhā loke rasataṇhā loke phoṭṭhabbataṇhā loke dhammataṇhā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rūpavitakko loke saddavitakko loke gandhavitakko loke rasavitakko loke phoṭṭhabbavitakko loke dhammavitakko loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.

Rūpavicāro loke saddavicāro loke gandhavicāro loke rasavicāro loke phoṭṭhabbavicāro loke dhammavicāro loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudayaṃ ariyasaccaṃ.

Nirodhasaccaniddeso

134. Katamaca, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhaṃ [dukkhanirodho (syā.)] ariyasaccaṃ? Yo tassāyeva taṇhāya asesavirāganirodho cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo.

Sā kho panesā, bhikkhave, taṇhā kattha pahīyamānā pahīyati, kattha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati? Yaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Kica loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ? Cakkhu loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati. Sotaṃ lokepe ghānaṃ loke jivhā loke kāyo loke mano loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rūpā loke saddā loke gandhā loke rasā loke phoṭṭhabbā loke dhammā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Cakkhuviāṇaṃ loke sotaviāṇaṃ loke ghānaviāṇaṃ loke jivhāviāṇaṃ loke kāyaviāṇaṃ loke manoviāṇaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Cakkhusamphasso loke sotasamphasso loke ghānasamphasso loke jivhāsamphasso loke kāyasamphasso loke manosamphasso loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Cakkhusamphassajā vedanā loke sotasamphassajā vedanā loke ghānasamphassajā vedanā loke jivhāsamphassajā vedanā loke kāyasamphassajā vedanā loke manosamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rūpasaā loke saddasaā loke gandhasaā loke rasasaā loke phoṭṭhabbasaā loke dhammasaā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rūpasacetanā loke saddasacetanā loke gandhasacetanā loke rasasacetanā loke phoṭṭhabbasacetanā loke dhammasacetanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rūpataṇhā loke saddataṇhā loke gandhataṇhā loke rasataṇhā loke phoṭṭhabbataṇhā loke dhammataṇhā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rūpavitakko loke saddavitakko loke gandhavitakko loke rasavitakko loke phoṭṭhabbavitakko loke dhammavitakko loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.

Rūpavicāro loke saddavicāro loke gandhavicāro loke rasavicāro loke phoṭṭhabbavicāro loke dhammavicāro loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ. Etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhāmānā nirujjhati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ.

Maggasaccaniddeso

135. Katamaca, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā ariyasaccaṃ? Ayameva ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo seyyathidaṃ sammādiṭṭhi sammāsaṅkappo sammāvācā sammākammanto sammāājīvo sammāvāyāmo sammāsati sammāsamādhi.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi? Yaṃ kho, bhikkhave, dukkhe āṇaṃ, dukkhasamudaye āṇaṃ, dukkhanirodhe āṇaṃ, dukkhanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya āṇaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāsaṅkappo? Nekkhammasaṅkappo abyāpādasaṅkappo avihiṃsāsaṅkappo. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsaṅkappo.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammāvācā? Musāvādā veramaṇī [veramaṇi (ka.)], pisuṇāya vācāya veramaṇī, pharusāya vācāya veramaṇī, samphappalāpā veramaṇī . Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvācā.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammākammanto? Pāṇātipātā veramaṇī, adinnādānā veramaṇī, kāmesumicchācārā veramaṇī. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammākammanto.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāājīvo? Idha, bhikkhave, ariyasāvako micchāājīvaṃ pahāya sammāājīvena jīvitaṃ kappeti. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāājīvo.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anuppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ anuppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; uppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahānāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; anuppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; uppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo.

Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammāsati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsati.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāsamādhi? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati, sato ca sampajāno, sukhaca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti, yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti upekkhako satimā sukhavihārīti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsamādhi. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā ariyasaccaṃ.

 

 

136. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. Atthi dhammāti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva āṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kici loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati catūsu ariyasaccesu.

Saccapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.

Dhammānupassanā niṭṭhitā.

  Như vậy, vị ấy sống qun php trn cc nội php; hay sống qun php trn cc ngoại php; hay sống qun php trn cc nội php, ngoại php. Hay vị ấy sống qun tnh sanh khởi trn cc php; hay sống qun tnh diệt tận trn cc php; hay sống qun tnh sanh diệt trn cc php. "C những php ở đy", vị ấy sống an tr chnh niệm như vậy, với hy vọng hướng đến chnh tr, chnh niệm. V vị ấy sống khng nương tựa, khng chấp trước một vật g trn đời. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như vậy l Tỷ-kheo sống qun php trn cc php đối với Bốn Thnh đế.

137. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya satta vassāni, tassa dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme aā; sati vā upādisese anāgāmitā.

Tiṭṭhantu, bhikkhave, satta vassāni. Yo hi koci , bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya cha vassānipe paca vassāni cattāri vassāni tīṇi vassāni dve vassāni ekaṃ vassaṃ tiṭṭhatu, bhikkhave, ekaṃ vassaṃ. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya satta māsāni, tassa dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme aā; sati vā upādisese anāgāmitā. Tiṭṭhantu, bhikkhave, satta māsāni. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya cha māsānipe paca māsāni cattāri māsāni tīṇi māsāni dve māsāni ekaṃ māsaṃ aḍḍhamāsaṃ tiṭṭhatu, bhikkhave, aḍḍhamāso. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya sattāhaṃ, tassa dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme aā sati vā upādisese anāgāmitāti.

 

(Kết luận)

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, vị no tu tập Bốn Niệm xứ ny như vậy trong bảy năm, vị ấy c thể chứng một trong hai quả sau đy: Một l chứng Chnh tr ngay trong hiện tại, hay nếu cn hữu dư y, th chứng quả Bất hon.

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, khng cần g đến bảy năm, một vị no tu tập Bốn Niệm xứ ny như vậy trong su năm, trong năm năm, trong bốn năm, trong ba năm, trong hai năm, trong một năm, vị ấy c thể chứng một trong hai quả sau đy: Một l chứng Chnh tr ngay trong hiện tại, hay nếu cn hữu dư y, th chứng quả Bất hon.

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, khng cần g đến một năm, một vị no tu tập Bốn Niệm xứ ny trong bảy thng, vị ấy c thể chứng một trong hai quả sau đy: Một l chứng Chnh tr ngay trong hiện tại, hay nếu cn hữu dư y, th chứng quả Bất hon. Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, khng cần g bảy thng, một vị no tu tập Bốn Niệm xứ ny trong su thng, trong năm thng, trong bốn thng, trong ba thng, trong hai thng, trong một thng, trong nửa thng, vị ấy c thể chứng một trong hai quả sau đy: Một l chứng Chnh tr ngay trong hiện tại, hay nếu cn hữu dư y, th chứng quả Bất hon.

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, khng cần g nửa thng, một vị no tu tập Bốn Niệm xứ ny trong bảy ngy, vị ấy c thể chứng một trong hai quả sau đy: Một l chứng Chnh tr ngay trong hiện tại, hai l nếu cn hữu dư y, th chứng quả Bất hon.

 

 

138. Ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo sattānaṃ visuddhiyā sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāya dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāya āyassa adhigamāya nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya yadidaṃ cattāro satipaṭṭhānāti.

 

 

Ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đy l con đường độc nhất đưa đến thanh tịnh cho chng sanh, vượt khỏi sầu no, diệt trừ khổ ưu, thnh tựu Chnh tr, chứng ngộ Niết-bn. l Bốn Niệm xứ.

 

Iti yaṃ taṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttanti.

 

 

 

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.

Mahāsatipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dasamaṃ.

Mūlapariyāyavaggo niṭṭhito paṭhamo.

Tassuddānaṃ [ito paraṃ kesuci potthakesu imāpi gāthāyo evaṃ dissanti ajaraṃ amataṃ amatādhigamaṃ, phalamagganidassanaṃ dukkhanudaṃ. sahitattaṃ mahārasahassakaraṃ, bhūtamiti sāraṃ vividhaṃ suṇātha.taḷākaṃ vasupūritaṃ ghammapathe, tividhaggipiḷesitanibbāpanaṃ. byādhipanudanaosadhayo, pacchimasuttapavarā ṭhapitā.madhumandavarasāmadānaṃ, khiḍḍārati jananimanusaṅghātaṃ. tathā sutte veyyākaraṇā ṭhapitā, sakyaputtānamabhidamanatthāya.paāsaṃ ca diyaḍhḍasataṃ, dve ca veyyākaraṇaṃ apare ca. tevanāmagataṃ ca anupubbaṃ, ekamanā nisāmetha mudaggaṃ.]

Mūlasusaṃvaradhammadāyādā, bheravānaṅgaṇākaṅkheyyavatthaṃ;

Sallekhasammādiṭṭhisatipaṭṭhaṃ, vaggavaro asamo susamatto.

 

  Thế Tn thuyết giảng như vậy. Cc Tỷ-kheo ấy hoan hỷ, tn thọ lời dạy của Thế Tn.

 

 

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