ANGUTTARA NIKAYA TĂNG CHI BỘ KINH

Chương Một Php (Ekakanipātapāḷi)

 

 

2. Nīvaraṇappahānavaggo

2. Nīvaraṇappahānavaggavaṇṇanā

II. Phẩm oạn Triền Ci

Những php đoạn trừ v nui dưỡng năm triền ci.

 

 

1-10 Tịnh Tướng v.v...

11. Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppanno vā kāmacchando uppajjati uppanno vā kāmacchando bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, subhanimittaṃ. Subhanimittaṃ, bhikkhave, ayoniso manasi karoto anuppanno ceva kāmacchando uppajjati uppanno ca kāmacchando bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattatīti. Paṭhamaṃ.

11. Dutiyassa paṭhame ekadhammampīti ettha tasmiṃ kho pana samaye dhammā hontītiādīsu (dha. sa. 121) viya nissattaṭṭhena dhammo veditabbo. Tasmā ekadhammampīti nissattaṃ ekasabhāvampīti ayamettha attho. Anuppannovāti ettha pana bhūtānaṃ vā sattānaṃ ṭhitiyā sambhavesīnaṃ vā anuggahāya (ma. ni. 1.402; saṃ. ni. 2.11) yāvatā, bhikkhave, sattā apadā vā dvipadā vāti (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) evamādīsu viya samuccayattho vāsaddo daṭṭhabbo, na vikappattho. Ayahettha attho yena dhammena anuppanno ca kāmacchando uppajjati, uppanno ca kāmacchando bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati, tamahaṃ yathā subhanimittaṃ, evaṃ aaṃ na passāmīti. Tattha anuppannoti ajāto asajāto apātubhūto asamudāgato. Kāmacchandoti yo kāmesu kāmacchando kāmarāgo kāmanandī kāmataṇhātiādinā (dha. sa. 1156) nayena vitthāritaṃ kāmacchandanīvaraṇaṃ. Uppajjatīti nibbattati pātubhavati. So panesa asamudācāravasena vā ananubhūtārammaṇavasena vā anuppanno uppajjatīti veditabbo. Aathā hi anamatagge saṃsāre anuppanno nāma natthi.

Tattha ekaccassa vattavasena kileso na samudācarati, ekaccassa ganthadhutaṅgasamādhi- vipassanānavakammādīnaṃ aataravasena. Kathaṃ? Ekacco hi vattasampanno hoti, tassa dveasīti khuddakavattāni cuddasa mahāvattāni cetiyaṅgaṇabodhiyaṅgaṇapānīyamāḷakauposathāgāraāgantukagamikavattāni ca karontasseva kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa vattaṃ vissajjetvā bhinnavattassa carato ayonisomanasikāraceva sativossaggaca āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Ekacco ganthayutto hoti, ekampi nikāyaṃ gaṇhāti dvepi tayopi cattāropi pacapi. Tassa tepiṭakaṃ buddhavacanaṃ atthavasena pāḷivasena anusandhivasena pubbāparavasena gaṇhantassa sajjhāyantassa vācentassa desentassa pakāsentassa kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa ganthakammaṃ pahāya kusītassa carato ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Ekacco pana dhutaṅgadharo hoti, terasa dhutaṅgaguṇe samādāya vattati. Tassa pana dhutaṅgaguṇe pariharantassa kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa dhutaṅgāni vissajjetvā bāhullāya āvattassa carato ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Ekacco aṭṭhasu samāpattīsu ciṇṇavasī hoti, tassa paṭhamajjhānādīsu āvajjanavasiādīnaṃ vasena viharantassa kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa parihīnajjhānassa vā vissaṭṭhajjhānassa vā bhassādīsu anuyuttassa viharato ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Ekacco pana vipassako hoti, sattasu vā anupassanāsu aṭṭhārasasu vā mahāvipassanāsu kammaṃ karonto viharati. Tassevaṃ viharato kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa vipassanākammaṃ pahāya kāyadaḷhībahulassa viharato ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Ekacco navakammiko hoti, uposathāgārabhojanasālādīni kāreti. Tassa tesaṃ upakaraṇāni cintentassa kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa navakamme niṭṭhite vā vissaṭṭhe vā ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Ekacco pana brahmalokā āgato suddhasatto hoti, tassa anāsevanatāya kileso okāsaṃ na labhati. Aparabhāge panassa laddhāsevanassa ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma uppajjati. Evampi asamudācāravasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma. Evaṃ tāva asamudācāravasena anuppannassa uppannatā veditabbā.

Kathaṃ ananubhūtārammaṇavasena? Idhekacco ananubhūtapubbaṃ manāpiyaṃ rūpādiārammaṇaṃ labhati, tassa tattha ayonisomanasikārasativossagge āgamma rāgo uppajjati. Evaṃ ananubhūtārammaṇavasena anuppanno uppajjati nāma.

Uppannoti jāto sajāto nibbatto abhinibbatto pātubhūto. Bhiyyobhāvāyāti punappunabhāvāya. Vepullāyāti vipulabhāvāya rāsibhāvāya. Tattha sakiṃ uppanno kāmacchando na nirujjhissati, sakiṃ niruddho vā sveva puna uppajjissatīti aṭṭhānametaṃ. Ekasmiṃ pana niruddhe tasmiṃ vā ārammaṇe aasmiṃ vā ārammaṇe aparāparaṃ uppajjamāno bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati nāma.

Subhanimittanti rāgaṭṭhāniyaṃ ārammaṇaṃ. Sanimittā, bhikkhave, uppajjanti pāpakā akusalā dhammā, no animittāti ettha nimittanti paccayassa nāmaṃ. Adhicittamanuyuttena, bhikkhave, bhikkhunā paca nimittāni kālena kālaṃ manasikātabbānīti (ma. ni. 1.216) ettha kāraṇassa. So taṃ nimittaṃ āsevati bhāvetīti (a. ni. 9.35) ettha samādhissa. Yaṃ nimittaṃ āgamma yaṃ nimittaṃ manasikaroto anantarā āsavānaṃ khayo hotīti (a. ni. 6.27) ettha vipassanāya. Idha pana rāgaṭṭhāniyo iṭṭhārammaṇadhammo subhanimittanti adhippeto. Ayonisomanasikarototi. Tattha katamo ayonisomanasikāro? Anicce niccanti, dukkhe sukhanti, anattani attāti, asubhe subhanti, ayonisomanasikāro uppathamanasikāro, saccavippaṭikūlena vā cittassa āvajjanā anvāvajjanā ābhogo samannāhāro manasikāro. Ayaṃ vuccati ayonisomanasikāroti (vibha. 936) imassa manasikārassa vasena anupāyena manasikarontassāti.

 

1.- Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, dẫn đến dục tham chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay dục tham đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như tịnh tướng. Tịnh tướng, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, nếu khng như l tc , đưa đến dục tham chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay dục tham đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại.

12. Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppanno vā byāpādo uppajjati uppanno vā byāpādo bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, paṭighanimittaṃ. Paṭighanimittaṃ, bhikkhave, ayoniso manasi karoto anuppanno ceva byāpādo uppajjati uppanno ca byāpādo bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattatīti. Dutiyaṃ.

12. Dutiye byāpādoti bhattabyāpatti viya cittassa byāpajjanaṃ pakativijahanabhāvo. Tattha katamaṃ byāpādanīvaraṇaṃ? Anatthaṃ me acarīti āghāto jāyatīti (dha. sa. 1160) evaṃ vitthāritassa byāpādanīvaraṇassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Paṭighanimittanti aniṭṭhaṃ nimittaṃ. Paṭighassapi paṭighārammaṇassapi etaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Vuttampi cetaṃ aṭṭhakathāyaṃ paṭighampi paṭighanimittaṃ, paṭighārammaṇopi dhammo paṭighanimittanti. Sesamettha kāmacchande vuttanayeneva veditabbaṃ. Yathā cettha, evaṃ ito paresupi. Tattha tattha hi visesamattameva vakkhāmāti.

2. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến sn chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay sn đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như đối ngại tướng. ối ngại tướng, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, nếu khng như l tc , đưa đến sn, chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay sn đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại.

13. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannaṃ vā thinamiddhaṃ [thīnamiddhaṃ (sī. syā. kaṃ. pī.)] uppajjati uppannaṃ vā thinamiddhaṃ bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, arati tandī [tandi (ka.)] vijambhitā [vijambhikā (sī. syā. kaṃ. pī.)] bhattasammado cetaso ca līnattaṃ. Līnacittassa, bhikkhave, anuppannaceva thinamiddhaṃ uppajjati uppannaca thinamiddhaṃ bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattatīti. Tatiyaṃ.

13. Tatiye thinamiddhanti thinaceva middhaca. Tesu cittassa akammaatā thinaṃ, ālasiyabhāvassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Tiṇṇaṃ khandhānaṃ akammaatā middhaṃ, kapimiddhassa pacalāyikabhāvassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Ubhinnampi tattha katamaṃ thinaṃ? Yā cittassa akalyatā akammaatā olīyanā sallīyanā. Tattha katamaṃ middhaṃ? Yā kāyassa akalyatā akammaatā onāho pariyonāhotiādinā (dha. sa. 1162-1163) nayena vitthāro veditabbo. Aratītiādīni vibhaṅge vibhattanayeneva veditabbāni. Vuttahetaṃ

Tattha katamā arati? Pantesu vā senāsanesu aataraataresu vā adhikusalesu dhammesu arati aratitā anabhirati anabhiramanā ukkaṇṭhitā paritassitā, ayaṃ vuccati arati. Tattha katamā tandī? Yā tandī tandiyanā tandimanatā ālassaṃ ālassāyanā ālassāyitattaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati tandī. Tattha katamā vijambhitā? Yā kāyassa jambhanā vijambhanā ānamanā vinamanā sannamanā paṇamanā byādhiyakaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati vijambhitā. Tattha katamo bhattasammado? Yā bhuttāvissa bhattamucchā bhattakilamatho bhattapariḷāho kāyaduṭṭhullaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati bhattasammado. Tattha katamaṃ cetaso ca līnattaṃ? Yā cittassa akalyatā akammaatā olīyanā sallīyanā līnaṃ līyanā līyitattaṃ thinaṃ thiyanā thiyitattaṃ cittassa, idaṃ vuccati cetaso ca līnattanti (vibha. 856, 857, 859, 860).

Ettha ca purimā cattāro dhammā thinamiddhanīvaraṇassa sahajātavasenāpi upanissayavasenāpi paccayā honti, cetaso ca līnattaṃ attanova attanā sahajātaṃ na hoti, upanissayakoṭiyā pana hotīti.

3. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến hn trầm thụy min chưa sanh đưọc sanh khởi, hay hn trầm thụy min đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như khng hn hoan, biếng nhc, chn nản, ăn qu no, tm thụ động. Với người c tm thụ động, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, hn trầm thụy min chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay hn trầm thụy min đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại.

14. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannaṃ vā uddhaccakukkuccaṃ uppajjati uppannaṃ vā uddhaccakukkuccaṃ bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, cetaso avūpasamo. Avūpasantacittassa, bhikkhave, anuppannaceva uddhaccakukkuccaṃ uppajjati uppannaca uddhaccakukkuccaṃ bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattatīti. Catutthaṃ.

14. Catutthe uddhaccakukkuccanti uddhaccaceva kukkuccaca. Tattha uddhaccaṃ nāma cittassa uddhatākāro. Kukkuccaṃ nāma akatakalyāṇassa katapāpassa tappaccayā vippaṭisāro. Cetaso avūpasamoti uddhaccakukkuccassevetaṃ nāmaṃ. Avūpasantacittassāti jhānena vā vipassanāya vā avūpasamitacittassa. Ayaṃ pana avūpasamo uddhaccakukkuccassa upanissayakoṭiyā paccayo hotīti.

4. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến trạo hối chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay trạo hối đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như tm khng được chỉ tịnh. Với người tm khng chỉ tịnh, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, trạo hối chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay trạo hối đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại.

15. Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā vicikicchā uppajjati uppannā vā vicikicchā bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, ayonisomanasikāro. Ayoniso, bhikkhave, manasi karoto anuppannā ceva vicikicchā uppajjati uppannā ca vicikicchā bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattatīti. Pacamaṃ.

15. Pacame vicikicchāti satthari kaṅkhatītiādinā (dha. sa. 1167) nayena vitthāritaṃ vicikicchānīvaraṇaṃ. Ayonisomanasikāro vuttalakkhaṇoyevāti.

5. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến nghi hoặc chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay nghi hoặc đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như khng như l tc . Do khng như l tc , ny cc Tỷ-kheo, nghi hoặc chưa sanh được sanh khởi, hay nghi hoặc đ sanh được tăng trưởng quảng đại.

16. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppanno vā kāmacchando nuppajjati uppanno vā kāmacchando pahīyati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, asubhanimittaṃ. Asubhanimittaṃ, bhikkhave, yoniso manasi karoto anuppanno ceva kāmacchando nuppajjati uppanno ca kāmacchando pahīyatīti. Chaṭṭhaṃ.

16. Chaṭṭhe anuppanno vā kāmacchando nuppajjatīti asamudācāravasena vā ananubhūtārammaṇavasena vāti dvīheva kāraṇehi anuppanno na uppajjati, tathā vikkhambhitova hoti, puna hetuṃ vā paccayaṃ vā na labhati. Idhāpi vattādīnaṃyeva vasena asamudācāro veditabbo. Ekaccassa hi vuttanayeneva vatte yuttassa vattaṃ karontasseva kileso okāsaṃ na labhati, vattavasena vikkhambhito hoti. So taṃ tathāvikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti milakkhatissatthero viya.

So kirāyasmā rohaṇajanapade gāmeṇḍavālamahāvihārassa bhikkhācāre nesādakule nibbatto. Vayaṃ āgamma katagharāvāso puttadāraṃ posessāmīti adūhalasataṃ saṇṭhapetvā pāsasataṃ yojetvā sūlasataṃ ropetvā bahuṃ pāpaṃ āyūhanto ekadivasaṃ gehato aggica loṇaca gahetvā araaṃ gato. Pāse baddhamigaṃ vadhitvā aṅgārapakkamaṃsaṃ khāditvā pipāsito hutvā gāmeṇḍavālamahāvihāraṃ paviṭṭho pānīyamāḷake dasamattesu pānīyaghaṭesu pipāsāvinodanamattampi pānīyaṃ alabhanto, kiṃ nāmetaṃ ettakānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ vasanaṭṭhāne pipāsāya āgatānaṃ pipāsāvinodanamattaṃ pānīyaṃ natthīti ujjhāyituṃ āraddho. Cūḷapiṇḍapātikatissatthero tassa kathaṃ sutvā tassa santikaṃ gacchanto pānīyamāḷake dasamatte pānīyaghaṭe pūre disvā jīvamānapetakasatto ayaṃ bhavissatīti cintetvā, upāsaka, sace pipāsitosi, piva pānīyanti vatvā kuṭaṃ ukkhipitvā tassa hatthesu āsici. Tassa kammaṃ paṭicca pītapītaṃ pānīyaṃ tattakapāle pakkhittamiva nassati, sakalepi ghaṭe pivato pipāsā na pacchijji. Atha naṃ thero āha yāva dāruṇaca te, upāsaka, kammaṃ kataṃ, idāneva peto jāto, vipāko kīdiso bhavissatīti?

So tassa kathaṃ sutvā laddhasaṃvego theraṃ vanditvā tāni adūhalādīni visaṅkharitvā vegena gharaṃ gantvā puttadāraṃ oloketvā satthāni bhinditvā dīpakamigapakkhino arae vissajjetvā theraṃ paccupasaṅkamitvā pabbajjaṃ yāci. Dukkarā, āvuso, pabbajjā, kathaṃ tvaṃ pabbajissasīti? Bhante, evarūpaṃ paccakkhakāraṇaṃ disvā kathaṃ na pabbajissāmīti? Thero tacapacakakammaṭṭhānaṃ datvā pabbājesi. So vattārabhito hutvā buddhavacanaṃ uggaṇhanto ekadivasaṃ devadūtasutte tamenaṃ, bhikkhave, nirayapālā puna mahāniraye pakkhipantīti (ma. ni. 3.270; a. ni. 3.36) imaṃ ṭhānaṃ sutvā ettakaṃ dukkharāsiṃ anubhavitasattaṃ puna mahāniraye pakkhipanti, aho bhāriyo, bhante, mahānirayoti āha. Āmāvuso, bhāriyoti. Sakkā, bhante, passitunti? Na sakkā passituṃ, diṭṭhasadisaṃ kātuṃ ekaṃ kāraṇaṃ dassessāmīti sāmaṇere samādapetvā pāsāṇapiṭṭhe alladārurāsiṃ kārehīti. So tathā kāresi. Thero yathānisinnova iddhiyā abhisaṅkharitvā mahānirayato khajjopanakamattaṃ aggipapaṭikaṃ nīharitvā passantasseva tassa therassa dārurāsimhi pakkhipi. Tassa tattha nipāto ca dārurāsino jhāyitvā chārikabhāvūpagamanaca apacchā apurimaṃ ahosi.

So taṃ disvā, bhante, imasmiṃ sāsane kati dhurāni nāmāti pucchi. Āvuso, vipassanādhuraṃ, ganthadhuranti. Bhante, gantho nāma paṭibalassa bhāro, mayhaṃ pana dukkhūpanisā saddhā, vipassanādhuraṃ pūressāmi kammaṭṭhānaṃ me dethāti vanditvā nisīdi. Thero vattasampanno bhikkhūti vattasīse ṭhatvā tassa kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathesi. So kammaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvā vipassanāya ca kammaṃ karoti, vattaca pūreti. Ekadivasaṃ cittalapabbatamahāvihāre vattaṃ karoti, ekadivasaṃ gāmeṇḍavālamahāvihāre, ekadivasaṃ gocaragāmamahāvihāre. Thinamiddhe okkantamatte vattaparihānibhayena palālavaraṇakaṃ temetvā sīse ṭhapetvā pāde udake otāretvā nisīdati. So ekadivasaṃ cittalapabbatamahāvihāre dve yāme vattaṃ katvā balavapaccūsakāle niddāya okkamituṃ āraddhāya allapalālaṃ sīse ṭhapetvā nisinno pācīnapabbatapasse sāmaṇerassa aruṇavatiyasuttantaṃ sajjhāyantassa

Ārambhatha nikkamatha, yujatha buddhasāsane;

Dhunātha maccuno senaṃ, naḷāgāraṃva kujaro.

Yo imasmiṃ dhammavinaye, appamatto vihassati;

Pahāya jātisaṃsāraṃ, dukkhassantaṃ karissatīti. (saṃ. ni. 1.185)

Idaṃ ṭhānaṃ sutvā mādisassa āraddhavīriyassa bhikkhuno sammāsambuddhena idaṃ kathitaṃ bhavissatīti pītiṃ uppādetvā jhānaṃ nibbattetvā tadeva pādakaṃ katvā anāgāmiphale patiṭṭhāya aparāparaṃ vāyamanto saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Parinibbānakāle ca tadeva kāraṇaṃ dassento evamāha

Allaṃ palālapujāhaṃ, sīsenādāya caṅkamiṃ;

Pattosmi tatiyaṃ ṭhānaṃ, ettha me natthi saṃsayoti.

Evarūpassa vattavasena vikkhambhitakileso tathā vikkhambhitova hoti.

Ekaccassa vuttanayeneva ganthe yuttassa ganthaṃ uggaṇhantassa sajjhāyantassa vācentassa desentassa pakāsentassa ca kileso okāsaṃ na labhati, ganthavasena vikkhambhitova hoti. So taṃ tathā vikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti maliyadevatthero viya. So kirāyasmā tivassabhikkhukāle kallagāmake maṇḍalārāmamahāvihāre uddesaca gaṇhāti, vipassanāya ca kammaṃ karoti. Tassekadivasaṃ kallagāme bhikkhāya carato ekā upāsikā yāguuḷuṅkaṃ datvā puttasinehaṃ uppādetvā theraṃ antonivesane nisīdāpetvā paṇītabhojanaṃ bhojetvā kataragāmavāsikosi tātāti pucchi. Maṇḍalārāmamahāvihāre ganthakammaṃ karomi, upāsiketi. Tena hi tāta yāva ganthakammaṃ karosi, idheva nibaddhaṃ bhikkhaṃ gaṇhāsīti. So taṃ adhivāsetvā tattha nibaddhaṃ bhikkhaṃ gaṇhāti, bhattakiccāvasāne anumodanaṃ karonto sukhaṃ hotu, dukkhā muccatūti padadvayameva kathetvā gacchati. Antovasse temāsaṃ tassāyeva saṅgahaṃ karonto piṇḍāpacitiṃ katvā mahāpavāraṇāya saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Nevāsikamahāthero āha āvuso mahādeva, ajja vihāre mahājano sannipatissati, tassa dhammadānaṃ dadeyyāsīti. Thero adhivāsesi.

Daharasāmaṇerā upāsikāya saaṃ adaṃsu ajja te putto dhammaṃ kathessati, vihāraṃ gantvā suṇeyyāsīti. Tātā, na sabbeva dhammakathaṃ jānanti, mama putto ettakaṃ kālaṃ mayhaṃ kathento sukhaṃ hotu, dukkhā muccatūti padadvayameva kathesi, mā keḷiṃ karothāti. Mā, tvaṃ upāsike, jānanaṃ vā ajānanaṃ vā upaṭṭhahassu, vihāraṃ gantvā dhammameva suṇāhīti. Upāsikā gandhamālādīni gahetvā gantvā pūjetvā parisante dhammaṃ suṇamānā nisīdi. Divādhammakathiko ca sarabhāṇako ca attano pamāṇaṃ atvā uṭṭhahiṃsu. Tato maliyadevatthero dhammāsane nisīditvā cittabījaniṃ gahetvā anupubbiṃ kathaṃ vatvā mayā mahāupāsikāya tayo māse dvīheva padehi anumodanā katā, ajja sabbarattiṃ tīhi piṭakehi sammasitvā tasseva padadvayassa atthaṃ kathessāmīti dhammadesanaṃ ārabhitvā sabbarattiṃ kathesi. Aruṇuggamane desanāpariyosāne mahāupāsikā sotāpattiphale patiṭṭhāsi.

Aparopi tasmiṃyeva mahāvihāre tissabhūtitthero nāma vinayaṃ gaṇhanto bhikkhācāravelāyaṃ antogāmaṃ paviṭṭho visabhāgārammaṇaṃ olokesi. Tassa lobho uppajji, so patiṭṭhitapādaṃ acāletvā attano patte yāguṃ upaṭṭhākadaharassa patte ākiritvā ayaṃ vitakko vaḍḍhamāno maṃ catūsu apāyesu saṃsīdāpessatīti tatova nivattitvā ācariyassa santikaṃ gantvā vanditvā ekamantaṃ ṭhito āha eko me byādhi uppanno, ahaṃ etaṃ tikicchituṃ sakkonto āgamissāmi, itarathā nāgamissāmi. Tumhe divā uddesaca sāyaṃ uddesaca maṃ oloketvā ṭhapetha, paccūsakāle uddesaṃ pana mā ṭhapayitthāti evaṃ vatvā malayavāsimahāsaṅgharakkhitattherassa santikaṃ agamāsi. Thero attano paṇṇasālāya paribhaṇḍaṃ karonto taṃ anoloketvāva paṭisāmehi, āvuso, tava pattacīvaranti āha. Bhante, eko me byādhi atthi, sace tumhe taṃ tikicchituṃ sakkotha, paṭisāmessāmīti. Āvuso, uppannaṃ rogaṃ tikicchituṃ samatthassa santikaṃ āgatosi, paṭisāmehīti. Subbaco bhikkhu amhākaṃ ācariyo ajānitvā evaṃ na vakkhatīti pattacīvaraṃ ṭhapetvā therassa vattaṃ dassetvā vanditvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi.

Thero rāgacarito ayanti atvā asubhakammaṭṭhānaṃ kathesi. So uṭṭhāya pattacīvaraṃ aṃse laggetvā theraṃ punappunaṃ vandi. Kiṃ, āvuso, mahābhūti atirekanipaccakāraṃ dassesīti? Bhante, sace attano kiccaṃ kātuṃ sakkhissāmi, iccetaṃ kusalaṃ. No ce, idaṃ me pacchimadassananti! Gacchāvuso, mahābhūti tādisassa yuttayogassa kulaputtassa na jhānaṃ vā vipassanā vā maggo vā phalaṃ vā dullabhanti. So therassa kathaṃ sutvā nipaccakāraṃ dassetvā āgamanakāle vavatthāpitaṃ channaṃ sepaṇṇigacchamūlaṃ gantvā pallaṅkena nisinno asubhakammaṭṭhānaṃ pādakaṃ katvā vipassanaṃ paṭṭhapetvā arahatte patiṭṭhāya paccūsakāle uddesaṃ sampāpuṇi. Evarūpānaṃ ganthavasena vikkhambhitā kilesā tathā vikkhambhitāva honti.

Ekaccassa pana vuttanayeneva dhutaṅgāni pariharato kileso okāsaṃ na labhati, dhutaṅgavasena vikkhambhitova hoti. So taṃ tathā vikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti gāmantapabbhāravāsī mahāsīvatthero viya. Thero kira mahāgāme tissamahāvihāre vasanto tepiṭakaṃ atthavasena ca pāḷivasena ca aṭṭhārasa mahāgaṇe vāceti. Therassa ovāde ṭhatvā saṭṭhisahassa bhikkhū arahattaṃ pāpuṇiṃsu . Tesu eko bhikkhu attanā paṭividdhadhammaṃ ārabbha uppannasomanasso cintesi atthi nu kho idaṃ sukhaṃ amhākaṃ ācariyassāti. So āvajjento therassa puthujjanabhāvaṃ atvā ekenupāyena therassa saṃvegaṃ uppādessāmīti attano vasanaṭṭhānato therassa santikaṃ gantvā vanditvā vattaṃ dassetvā nisīdi. Atha naṃ thero kiṃ āgatosi, āvuso, piṇḍapātikāti āha. Sace me okāsaṃ karissatha, ekaṃ dhammapadaṃ gaṇhissāmīti āgatosmi, bhanteti. Bahū, āvuso, gaṇhanti, tuyhaṃ okāso na bhavissatīti. So sabbesu rattidivasabhāgesu okāsaṃ alabhanto, bhante, evaṃ okāse asati maraṇassa kathaṃ okāsaṃ labhissathāti āha. Tadā thero cintesi nāyaṃ uddesatthāya āgato, mayhaṃ panesa saṃvegajananatthāya āgatoti. Sopi thero bhikkhunā nāma, bhante, mādisena bhavitabbanti vatvā theraṃ vanditvā maṇivaṇṇe ākāse uppatitvā agamāsi.

Thero tassa gatakālato paṭṭhāya jātasaṃvego divā uddesaca sāyaṃ uddesaca vācetvā pattacīvaraṃ hatthapāse ṭhapetvā paccūsakāle uddesaṃ gahetvā otarantena bhikkhunā saddhiṃ pattacīvaramādāya otiṇṇo terasa dhutaguṇe paripuṇṇe adhiṭṭhāya gāmantapabbhārasenāsanaṃ gantvā pabbhāraṃ paṭijaggitvā macapīṭhaṃ ussāpetvā arahattaṃ apatvā mace piṭṭhiṃ na pasāressāmīti mānasaṃ bandhitvā caṅkamaṃ otari. Tassa ajja arahattaṃ gaṇhissāmi ajja arahattaṃ gaṇhissāmīti ghaṭentasseva pavāraṇā sampattā. So pavāraṇāya upakaṭṭhāya puthujjanabhāvaṃ pahāya visuddhipavāraṇaṃ pavāressāmīti cintento ativiya kilamati. So tāya pavāraṇāya maggaṃ vā phalaṃ vā uppādetuṃ asakkonto mādisopi nāma āraddhavipassako na labhati, yāva dullabhaca vatidaṃ arahattanti vatvā teneva niyāmena ṭhānacaṅkamabahulo hutvā tiṃsa vassāni samaṇadhammaṃ katvā mahāpavāraṇāya majjhe ṭhitaṃ puṇṇacandaṃ disvā kiṃ nu kho candamaṇḍalaṃ visuddhaṃ, udāhu mayhaṃ sīlanti cintento candamaṇḍale sasalakkhaṇaṃ paāyati, mayhaṃ pana upasampadato paṭṭhāya yāvajjadivasā sīlasmiṃ kāḷakaṃ vā tilako vā natthīti āvajjetvā sajātapītisomanasso paripakkaāṇattā pītiṃ vikkhambhetvā saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Evarūpassa dhutaṅgavasena vikkhambhito kileso tathā vikkhambhitova hoti.

Ekaccassa vuttanayeneva paṭhamajjhānādisamāpajjanabahulatāya kileso okāsaṃ na labhati, samāpattivasena vikkhambhitova hoti. So taṃ tathā vikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti mahātissatthero viya. Thero kira avassikakālato paṭṭhāya aṭṭhasamāpattilābhī. So samāpattivikkhambhitānaṃ kilesānaṃ asamudācārena uggahaparipucchāvaseneva ariyamaggasāmantaṃ katheti, saṭṭhivassakālepi attano puthujjanabhāvaṃ na jānāti. Athekadivasaṃ mahāgāme tissamahāvihārato bhikkhusaṅgho talaṅgaravāsidhammadinnattherassa sāsanaṃ pesesi thero āgantvā amhākaṃ dhammakathaṃ kathetūti. Thero adhivāsetvā mama santike mahallakataro bhikkhu natthi, mahātissatthero kho pana me kammaṭṭhānācariyo, taṃ saṅghattheraṃ katvā gamissāmīti cintento bhikkhusaṅghaparivuto therassa vihāraṃ gantvā divāṭṭhāne therassa vattaṃ dassetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi.

Thero āha kiṃ, dhammadinna, cirassaṃ āgatosīti? Āma, bhante, tissamahāvihārato me bhikkhusaṅgho sāsanaṃ pesesi, ahaṃ ekako na gamissāmi, tumhehi pana saddhiṃ gantukāmo hutvā āgatomhīti sāraṇīyakathaṃ kathentova papacetvā kadā, bhante, tumhehi ayaṃ dhammo adhigatoti pucchi. Saṭṭhimattāni, āvuso dhammadinna, vassāni hontīti . Samāpattiṃ pana, bhante, vaḷajethāti. Āma, āvusoti. Ekaṃ pokkharaṇiṃ māpetuṃ sakkuṇeyyātha, bhanteti? Na, āvuso, etaṃ bhāriyanti vatvā sammukhaṭṭhāne pokkharaṇiṃ māpesi. Ettha, bhante, ekaṃ padumagacchaṃ māpethāti ca vutto tampi māpesi. Idānettha mahantaṃ pupphaṃ dassethāti. Thero tampi dassesi. Ettha soḷasavassuddesikaṃ itthirūpaṃ dassethāti . Thero soḷasavassuddesikaṃ itthirūpaṃ dassesi. Tato naṃ āha idaṃ, bhante, punappunaṃ subhato manasi karothāti. Thero attanāva māpitaṃ itthirūpaṃ olokento lobhaṃ uppādesi. Tadā attano puthujjanabhāvaṃ atvā avassayo me sappurisa hohīti antevāsikassa santike ukkuṭikaṃ nisīdi. Etadatthamevāhaṃ, bhante, āgatoti therassa asubhavasena sallahukaṃ katvā kammaṭṭhānaṃ kathetvā therassa okāsaṃ kātuṃ bahi nikkhanto. Suparimadditasaṅkhāro thero tasmiṃ divāṭṭhānato nikkhantamatteyeva saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Atha naṃ saṅghattheraṃ katvā dhammadinnatthero tissamahāvihāraṃ gantvā saṅghassa dhammakathaṃ kathesi. Evarūpassa samāpattivasena vikkhambhito kileso tathā vikkhambhitova hoti.

Ekaccassa pana vuttanayeneva vipassanāya kammaṃ karontassa kileso okāsaṃ na labhati, vipassanāvasena vikkhambhitova hoti. So taṃ tathā vikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti, buddhakāle saṭṭhimattā āraddhavipassakā bhikkhū viya. Te kira satthu santike kammaṭṭhānaṃ gahetvā vivittaṃ araaṃ pavisitvā vipassanāya kammaṃ karontā kilesānaṃ asamudācāravasena paṭividdhamaggaphalā mayanti saāya maggaphalatthāya vāyāmaṃ akatvā amhehi paṭividdhadhammaṃ dasabalassa ārocessāmāti satthu santikaṃ āgacchanti.

Satthā tesaṃ pure āgamanatova ānandattheraṃ āha ānanda, padhānakammikā bhikkhū ajja maṃ passituṃ āgamissanti, tesaṃ mama dassanāya okāsaṃ akatvā āmakasusānaṃ gantvā allaasubhabhāvanaṃ karothāti pahiṇeyyāsīti. Thero tesaṃ āgatānaṃ satthārā kathitasāsanaṃ ārocesi. Te tathāgato ajānitvā na kathessati, addhā ettha kāraṇaṃ bhavissatīti āmakasusānaṃ gantvā allaasubhaṃ olokentā lobhaṃ uppādetvā idaṃ nūna sammāsambuddhena diṭṭhaṃ bhavissatīti jātasaṃvegā laddhamaggaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ ādito paṭṭhāya ārabhiṃsu. Satthā tesaṃ vipassanāya āraddhabhāvaṃ atvā gandhakuṭiyaṃ nisinnova imaṃ obhāsagāthamāha

Yānimāni apattāni, alābūneva sārade;

Kāpotakāni aṭṭhīni, tāni disvāna kā ratīti. (dha. pa. 149);

Gāthāpariyosāne arahattaphale patiṭṭhahiṃsu. Evarūpānaṃ vipassanāvasena vikkhambhitā kilesā tathā vikkhambhitāva honti.

Ekaccassa vuttanayeneva navakammaṃ karontassa kileso okāsaṃ na labhati, navakammavasena vikkhambhitova hoti. So taṃ tathā vikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti cittalapabbate tissatthero viya. Tassa kira aṭṭhavassikakāle anabhirati uppajji, so taṃ vinodetuṃ asakkonto attano cīvaraṃ dhovitvā rajitvā pattaṃ pacitvā kese ohāretvā upajjhāyaṃ vanditvā aṭṭhāsi. Atha naṃ thero āha kiṃ, āvuso mahātissa, atuṭṭhassa viya te ākāroti? Āma, bhante, anabhirati me uppannā, taṃ vinodetuṃ na sakkomīti. Thero tassāsayaṃ olokento arahattassa upanissayaṃ disvā anukampāvasena āha āvuso tissa, mayaṃ mahallakā, ekaṃ no vasanaṭṭhānaṃ karohīti . Dutiyakathaṃ akathitapubbo bhikkhu sādhu, bhanteti sampaṭicchi.

Atha naṃ thero āha āvuso, navakammaṃ karonto uddesamaggaca mā vissajji, kammaṭṭhānaca manasi karohi, kālena ca kālaṃ kasiṇaparikammaṃ karohīti. Evaṃ karissāmi, bhanteti theraṃ vanditvā tathārūpaṃ sappāyaṭṭhānaṃ oloketvā ettha kātuṃ sakkāti dārūhi pūretvā jhāpetvā sodhetvā iṭṭhakāhi parikkhipitvā dvāravātapānādīni yojetvā saddhiṃ caṅkamanabhūmibhittiparikammādīhi leṇaṃ niṭṭhāpetvā macapīṭhaṃ santharitvā therassa santikaṃ gantvā vanditvā, bhante, niṭṭhitaṃ leṇe parikammaṃ, vasathāti āha. Āvuso, dukkhena tayā etaṃ kammaṃ kataṃ, ajja ekadivasaṃ tvaevettha vasāhīti. So sādhu, bhanteti vanditvā pāde dhovitvā leṇaṃ pavisitvā pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā nisinno attanā katakammaṃ āvajji. Tassa manāpaṃ mayā upajjhāyassa kāyaveyyāvaccaṃ katanti cintentassa abbhantare pīti uppannā. So taṃ vikkhambhetvā vipassanaṃ paṭṭhapetvā aggaphalaṃ arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Evarūpassa navakammavasena vikkhambhito kileso tathā vikkhambhitova hoti.

Ekacco pana brahmalokato āgato suddhasatto hoti. Tassa anāsevanatāya kileso na samudācarati, bhavavasena vikkhambhito hoti. So taṃ tathā vikkhambhitameva katvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti āyasmā mahākassapo viya. So hi āyasmā agāramajjhepi kāme aparibhujitvā mahāsampattiṃ pahāya pabbajitvā nikkhanto antarāmagge paccuggamanatthāya āgataṃ satthāraṃ disvā vanditvā tīhi ovādehi upasampadaṃ labhitvā aṭṭhame aruṇe saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pāpuṇi. Evarūpassa bhavavasena vikkhambhito kileso tathā vikkhambhitova hoti.

Yo pana ananubhūtapubbaṃ rūpādiārammaṇaṃ labhitvā tattheva vipassanaṃ paṭṭhapetvā vivaṭṭetvā arahattaṃ gaṇhāti, evarūpassa ananubhūtārammaṇavasena kāmacchando anuppannova nuppajjati nāma.

Uppanno vā kāmacchando pahīyatīti ettha uppannoti jāto bhūto samudāgato. Pahīyatīti tadaṅgappahānaṃ, vikkhambhanappahānaṃ, samucchedappahānaṃ, paṭipassaddhippahānaṃ, nissaraṇappahānanti imehi pacahi pahānehi pahīyati, na puna uppajjatīti attho. Tattha vipassanāya kilesā tadaṅgavasena pahīyantīti vipassanā tadaṅgappahānanti veditabbā. Samāpatti pana kilese vikkhambhetīti sā vikkhambhanappahānanti veditabbā. Maggo samucchindanto uppajjati, phalaṃ paṭippassambhayamānaṃ, nibbānaṃ sabbakilesehi nissaṭanti imāni tīṇi samucchedapaṭipassaddhinissaraṇappahānānīti vuccanti. Imehi lokiyalokuttarehi pacahi pahānehi pahīyatīti attho.

Asubhanimittanti dasasu asubhesu uppannaṃ sārammaṇaṃ paṭhamajjhānaṃ. Tenāhu porāṇā asubhampi asubhanimittaṃ, asubhārammaṇā dhammāpi asubhanimittanti. Yonisomanasikarototi. Tattha katamo yonisomanasikāro? Anicce aniccantiādinā nayena vuttassa upāyamanasikārassa vasena manasikaroto. Anuppanno ceva kāmacchando nuppajjatīti asamudāgato na samudāgacchati. Uppanno ca kāmacchando pahīyatīti samudāgato ca kāmacchando pacavidhena pahānena pahīyati.

Apica cha dhammā kāmacchandassa pahānāya saṃvattanti asubhanimittassa uggaho, asubhabhāvanānuyogo, indriyesu guttadvāratā, bhojane mattautā, kalyāṇamittatā sappāyakathāti. Dasavidhahi asubhanimittaṃ uggaṇhantassāpi kāmacchando pahīyati, bhāventassāpi, indriyesu pihitadvārassāpi, catunnaṃ pacannaṃ ālopānaṃ okāse sati udakaṃ pivitvā yāpanasīlatāya bhojane mattaunopi. Tenetaṃ vuttaṃ

Cattāro paca ālope, abhutvā udakaṃ pive;

Alaṃ phāsuvihārāya, pahitattassa bhikkhunoti. (theragā. 983);

Asubhakammikatissattherasadise asubhabhāvanārate kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi kāmacchando pahīyati, ṭhānanisajjādīsu dasaasubhanissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā kāmacchandassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti.

6. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến dục tham chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay dục tham đ sanh được đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như tướng bất tịnh. Tướng bất tịnh, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, nếu như l tc , thời dục tham chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay dục tham đ sanh được đoạn tận.

17. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppanno vā byāpādo nuppajjati uppanno vā byāpādo pahīyati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, mettā cetovimutti. Mettaṃ, bhikkhave, cetovimuttiṃ yoniso manasi karoto anuppanno ceva byāpādo nuppajjati uppanno ca byāpādo pahīyatīti. Sattamaṃ.

17. Sattame mettā cetovimuttīti sabbasattesu hitapharaṇakā mettā. Yasmā pana taṃsampayuttacittaṃ nīvaraṇādīhi paccanīkadhammehi vimuccati, tasmā sā cetovimuttīti vuccati. Visesato vā sabbabyāpādapariyuṭṭhānena vimuttattā sā cetovimuttīti veditabbā. Tattha mettāti ettāvatā pubbabhāgopi vaṭṭati, cetovimuttīti vuttattā pana idha tikacatukkajjhānavasena appanāva adhippetā. Yonisomanasikarototi taṃ mettaṃ cetovimuttiṃ vuttalakkhaṇena upāyamanasikārena manasikarontassa.

Apica cha dhammā byāpādassa pahānāya saṃvattanti mettānimittassa uggaho, mettābhāvanānuyogo, kammassakatāpaccavekkhaṇā, paṭisaṅkhānabahulatā, kalyāṇamittatā, sappāyakathāti. Odissakaanodissakadisāpharaṇānahi aataravasena mettaṃ uggaṇhantassāpi byāpādo pahīyati, odhiso anodhiso disāpharaṇavasena mettaṃ bhāventassāpi. Tvaṃ etassa kuddho kiṃ karissasi, kimassa sīlādīni nāsetuṃ sakkhissasi, nanu tvaṃ attano kammena āgantvā attano kammeneva gamissasi? Parassa kujjhanaṃ nāma vītaccitaṅgāratattaayasalākagūthādīni gahetvā paraṃ paharitukāmatāsadisaṃ hoti. Esopi tava kuddho kiṃ karissati, kiṃ te sīlādīni nāsetuṃ sakkhissati? Esa attano kammena āgantvā attano kammeneva gamissati, appaṭicchitapaheṇakaṃ viya paṭivātaṃ khittarajomuṭṭhi viya ca etassevesa kodho matthake patissatīti evaṃ attano ca parassa ca kammassakataṃ paccavekkhatopi, ubhayakammassakataṃ paccavekkhitvā paṭisaṅkhāne ṭhitassāpi, assaguttattherasadise mettābhāvanārate kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi byāpādo pahīyati, ṭhānanisajjādīsu mettānissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā byāpādassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti. Sesamidha ito paresu ca vuttanayeneva veditabbaṃ, visesamattameva pana vakkhāmāti.

7. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến sn chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay sn đ sanh được đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như từ tm giải thot. Từ tm giải thot, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, nếu như l tc , thời sn chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay sn đ sanh được đoạn tận.

18. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannaṃ vā thinamiddhaṃ nuppajjati uppannaṃ vā thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, ārambhadhātu nikkamadhātu parakkamadhātu. Āraddhavīriyassa, bhikkhave, anuppannaceva thinamiddhaṃ nuppajjati uppannaca thinamiddhaṃ pahīyatīti. Aṭṭhamaṃ.

18. Aṭṭhame ārambhadhātūādīsu ārambhadhātu nāma paṭhamārambhavīriyaṃ. Nikkamadhātu nāma kosajjato nikkhantattā tato balavataraṃ. Parakkamadhātu nāma paraṃ paraṃ ṭhānaṃ akkamanato tatopi balavataraṃ. Aṭṭhakathāyaṃ pana ārambho cetaso kāmānaṃ panūdanāya, nikkamo cetaso palighugghāṭanāya, parakkamo cetaso bandhanacchedanāyāti vatvā tīhi petehi adhimattavīriyameva kathitanti vuttaṃ.

Āraddhavīriyassāti paripuṇṇavīriyassa ceva paggahitavīriyassa ca. Tattha catudosāpagataṃ vīriyaṃ āraddhanti veditabbaṃ. Na ca atilīnaṃ hoti, na ca atipaggahitaṃ, na ca ajjhattaṃ saṃkhittaṃ, na ca bahiddhā vikkhittaṃ. Tadetaṃ duvidhaṃ hoti kāyikaṃ, cetasikaca. Tattha idha bhikkhu divasaṃ caṅkamena nisajjāya āvaraṇīyehi dhammehi cittaṃ parisodhetīti (vibha. 519) evaṃ rattidivasassa paca koṭṭhāse kāyena ghaṭentassa vāyamantassa kāyikavīriyaṃ veditabbaṃ. Na tāvāhaṃ ito leṇā nikkhamissāmi, yāva me na anupādāya āsavehi cittaṃ vimuccatīti evaṃ okāsaparicchedena vā, na tāvāhaṃ imaṃ pallaṅkaṃ bhindissāmīti evaṃ nisajjādiparicchedena vā mānasaṃ bandhitvā ghaṭentassa vāyamantassa cetasikavīriyaṃ veditabbaṃ. Tadubhayampi idha vaṭṭati. Duvidhenāpi hi iminā vīriyena āraddhavīriyassa anuppannaceva thinamiddhaṃ nuppajjati, uppannaca thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati milakkhatissattherassa viya, gāmantapabbhāravāsimahāsīvattherassa viya, pītimallakattherassa viya, kuṭumbiyaputtatissattherassa viya ca. Etesu hi purimā tayo ae ca evarūpā kāyikavīriyena āraddhavīriyā, kuṭumbiyaputtatissatthero ae ca evarūpā cetasikavīriyena āraddhavīriyā, uccāvālukavāsī mahānāgatthero pana dvīhipi vīriyehi āraddhavīriyova. Thero kira ekaṃ sattāhaṃ caṅkamati, ekaṃ tiṭṭhati, ekaṃ nisīdati, ekaṃ nipajjati. Mahātherassa ekairiyāpathopi asappāyo nāma natthi, catutthe sattāhe vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā arahatte patiṭṭhāsi.

Apica cha dhammā thinamiddhassa pahānāya saṃvattanti atibhojane nimittaggāho, iriyāpathasamparivattanatā, ālokasaāmanasikāro, abbhokāsavāso, kalyāṇamittatā, sappāyakathāti. Āharahatthaka-bhuttavamitaka-tatravaṭṭaka-alaṃsāṭaka-kākamāsaka-brāhmaṇādayo viya bhojanaṃ bhujitvā rattiṭṭhānadivāṭṭhāne nisinnassa hi samaṇadhammaṃ karoto thinamiddhaṃ mahāhatthī viya ottharantaṃ āgacchati, catupacaālopaokāsaṃ pana ṭhapetvā pānīyaṃ pivitvā yāpanasīlassa bhikkhuno taṃ na hotīti evaṃ atibhojane nimittaṃ gaṇhantassāpi thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati. Yasmiṃ iriyāpathe thinamiddhaṃ okkamati, tato aaṃ parivattentassāpi, rattiṃ candālokadīpālokaukkāloke divā sūriyālokaṃ manasikarontassāpi , abbhokāse vasantassāpi, mahākassapattherasadise pahīnathinamiddhe kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi thinamiddhaṃ pahīyati, ṭhānanisajjādīsu dhutaṅganissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā thinamiddhassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti.

8. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến hn trầm thụy min chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay hn trầm thụy min đ sanh được đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ kheo, như tinh cần giới, tinh tấn giới, dng mnh giới. Người tinh cần tinh tấn, ny cc Tỷ kheo, hn trầm thụy min chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay hn trầm thụy min đ sanh được đoạn tận

19. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannaṃ vā uddhaccakukkuccaṃ nuppajjati uppannaṃ vā uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahīyati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, cetaso vūpasamo. Vūpasantacittassa, bhikkhave, anuppannaceva uddhaccakukkuccaṃ nuppajjati uppannaca uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahīyatīti. Navamaṃ.

19. Navame vūpasantacittassāti jhānena vā vipassanāya vā vūpasamitacittassa.

Apica cha dhammā uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānāya saṃvattanti bahussutatā, paripucchakatā, vinaye pakatautā, vuddhasevitā, kalyāṇamittatā, sappāyakathāti. Bāhusaccenāpi hi ekaṃ vā dve vā tayo vā cattāro vā paca vā nikāye pāḷivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaṇhantassāpi uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahīyati, kappiyākappiyaparipucchābahulassāpi, vinayapaattiyaṃ ciṇṇavasībhāvatāya pakataunopi, vuḍḍhe mahallakatthere upasaṅkamantassāpi, upālittherasadise vinayadhare kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahīyati, ṭhānanisajjādīsu kappiyākappiyanissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānāya saṃvattantīti.

 

9. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến trạo hối chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay trạo hối đ sanh được đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như tm tịnh chỉ. Người c tm tịnh chỉ, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, trạo hối chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay trạo hối đ sanh được đoạn tận.

20. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā vicikicchā nuppajjati uppannā vā vicikicchā pahīyati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, yonisomanasikāro . Yoniso, bhikkhave, manasi karoto anuppannā ceva vicikicchā nuppajjati uppannā ca vicikicchā pahīyatīti. Dasamaṃ.

Nīvaraṇappahānavaggo dutiyo.

20. Dasame yoniso, bhikkhave, manasikarototi vuttanayeneva upāyato manasikarontassa.

Apica cha dhammā vicikicchāya pahānāya saṃvattanti bahussutatā, paripucchakatā, vinaye pakatautā, adhimokkhabahulatā, kalyāṇamittatā, sappāyakathāti. Bahusaccenāpi hi ekaṃ vāpe paca vā nikāye pāḷivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaṇhantassāpi vicikicchā pahīyati, tīṇi ratanāni ārabbha paripucchābahulassāpi, vinaye ciṇṇavasībhāvassāpi, tīsu ratanesu okappaniyasaddhāsaṅkhātaadhimokkhabahulassāpi, saddhādhimutte vakkalittherasadise kalyāṇamitte sevantassāpi vicikicchā pahīyati, ṭhānanisajjādīsu tiṇṇaṃ ratanānaṃ guṇanissitasappāyakathāyapi pahīyati. Tena vuttaṃ cha dhammā vicikicchāya pahānāya saṃvattantīti. Imasmiṃ nīvaraṇappahānavagge vaṭṭavivaṭṭaṃ kathitanti.

Nīvaraṇappahānavaggavaṇṇanā.

10. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, đưa đến nghi hoặc chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay nghi hoặc đ sanh được đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như l tc . Nếu như l tc , ny cc Tỷ-kheo, nghi hoặc chưa sanh khng sanh khởi, hay nghi hoặc đ sanh được đoạn tận.

 

 

 

 

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Phn đoạn song ngữ: Nga Tuyet

Updated 3-5-2019