ANGUTTARA NIKAYA TĂNG CHI BỘ KINH

 

Chương Một Php (Ekakanipātapāḷi)

 

6. Accharāsaṅghātavaggo

6. Accharāsaṅghātavaggavaṇṇanā

VI. Phẩm Bng Ngn Tay

 

 

1-10 Tm ược Tu Tập

51. Pabhassaramidaṃ , bhikkhave, cittaṃ. Taca kho āgantukehi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhaṃ. Taṃ assutavā puthujjano yathābhūtaṃ nappajānāti. Tasmā assutavato puthujjanassa cittabhāvanā natthīti vadāmīti. Paṭhamaṃ.

51. Chaṭṭhassa paṭhame taṃ assutavā puthujjanoti taṃ bhavaṅgacittaṃ sutavirahito puthujjano. Tattha āgamādhigamābhāvā eyyo assutavā iti. Yo hi idaṃ suttaṃ ādito paṭṭhāya atthavasena upaparikkhanto idaṃ bhavaṅgacittaṃ nāma pakatiparisuddhampi javanakkhaṇe uppannehi lobhādīhi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhanti neva āgamavasena na adhigamavasena jānāti, yassa ca khandhadhātuāyatanapaccayākārasatipaṭṭhānādīsu uggahaparipucchāvinicchayavirahitattā yathābhūtaāṇapaṭivedhasādhako neva āgamo, paṭipattiyā adhigantabbassa anadhigatattā na adhigamo atthi. So āgamādhigamābhāvā eyyo assutavā iti. Svāyaṃ

Puthūnaṃ jananādīhi, kāraṇehi puthujjano;

Puthujjanantogadhattā, puthuvāyaṃ jano iti.

So hi puthūnaṃ nānappakārānaṃ kilesādīnaṃ jananādīhi kāraṇehi puthujjano. Yathāha

Puthu kilese janentīti puthujjanā, puthu avihatasakkāyadiṭṭhikāti puthujjanā, puthu satthārānaṃ mukhullokikāti puthujjanā, puthu sabbagatīhi avuṭṭhitāti puthujjanā, puthu nānābhisaṅkhāre abhisaṅkharontīti puthujjanā, puthu nānāoghehi vuyhantīti puthujjanā, puthu nānāsantāpehi santappantīti puthujjanā, puthu nānāpariḷāhehi pariḍayhantīti puthujjanā, puthu pacasu kāmaguṇesu rattā giddhā gadhitā mucchitā ajjhopannā laggā laggitā palibuddhāti puthujjanā, puthu pacahi nīvaraṇehi āvutā nivutā ovutā pihitā paṭicchannā paṭikujjitāti puthujjanāti (mahāni. 51, 94).

Puthūnaṃ vā gaṇanapathamatītānaṃ ariyadhammaparammukhānaṃ nīcadhammasamācārānaṃ janānaṃ antogadhattāpi puthujjano, puthu vā ayaṃ visuṃyeva saṅkhaṃ gato, visaṃsaṭṭho sīlasutādiguṇayuttehi ariyehi janoti puthujjano. Evametehi assutavā puthujjanoti dvīhi padehi ye te

Duve puthujjanā vuttā, buddhenādiccabandhunā;

Andho puthujjano eko, kalyāṇeko puthujjanoti.

Dve puthujjanā vuttā, tesu andhaputhujjano vutto hotīti veditabbo.

Yathābhūtaṃ nappajānātīti idaca bhavaṅgacittaṃ evaṃ āgantukehi upakkilesehi upakkiliṭṭhaṃ nāma hoti, evaṃ vippamuttaṃ nāmāti yathāsabhāvato na jānāti. Tasmāti yasmā na jānāti, tasmā. Cittabhāvanā natthīti cittaṭṭhiti cittapariggaho natthi, natthibhāveneva natthīti vadāmīti dasseti.

1. - Tm ny, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, l sng chi. V tm ny bị nhiễm bởi cc cấu uế từ ngoi vo. Kẻ phm phu t nghe, khng như thật r biết tm ấy. Do vậy, Ta ni rằng tm kẻ phm phu t nghe, khng được tu tập.

52. Pabhassaramidaṃ , bhikkhave, cittaṃ. Taca kho āgantukehi upakkilesehi vippamuttaṃ. Taṃ sutavā ariyasāvako yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tasmā sutavato ariyasāvakassa cittabhāvanā atthīti vadāmīti. Dutiyaṃ.

52. Dutiye sutavāti sutasampanno. Vitthārato panettha assutavāti padassa paṭipakkhavasena attho veditabbo. Ariyasāvakoti atthi ariyo na sāvako, seyyathāpi buddhā ceva paccekabuddhā ca; atthi sāvako na ariyo, seyyathāpi gihī anāgataphalo; atthi neva ariyo na sāvako seyyathāpi puthutitthiyā. Atthi ariyoceva sāvako ca, seyyathāpi samaṇā sakyaputtiyā āgataphalā viātasāsanā. Idha pana gihī vā hotu pabbajito vā, yo koci sutavāti ettha vuttassa atthassa vasena sutasampanno, ayaṃ ariyasāvakoti veditabbo. Yathābhūtaṃ pajānātīti evamidaṃ bhavaṅgacittaṃ āgantukehi upakkilesehi vippamuttaṃ hoti, evaṃ upakkiliṭṭhanti yathāsabhāvato jānāti. Cittabhāvanā atthīti cittaṭṭhiti cittapariggaho atthi, atthibhāveneva atthīti vadāmīti dasseti. Imasmiṃ sutte balavavipassanā kathitā. Keci taruṇavipassanāti vadanti.

2. Tm ny, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, l sng chi. V tm ny được gột sạch cc cấu uế từ ngoi vo. Bậc Thnh đệ tử nghe nhiều, như thật r biết tm ấy. Do vậy, Ta ni rằng tm bậc Thnh đệ tử nghe nhiều c được tu tập.

53. Accharāsaṅghātamattampi ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu mettācittaṃ [mettaṃ cittaṃ (sī.), mettacittaṃ (syā. kaṃ. pī. ka.)] āsevati; ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave bhikkhu arittajjhāno viharati satthusāsanakaro ovādapatikaro, amoghaṃ raṭṭhapiṇḍaṃ bhujati. Ko pana vādo ye naṃ bahulīkarontīti! Tatiyaṃ.

53. Tatiyaṃ aṭṭhuppattiyaṃ kathitaṃ. Katarāyaṃ pana aṭṭhuppattiyaṃ? Aggikkhandhopamasuttantaaṭṭhuppattiyaṃ. Bhagavā kira ekasmiṃ samaye sāvatthiṃ upanissāya jetavanamahāvihāre paṭivasati. Buddhānaca yattha katthaci paṭivasantānaṃ pacavidhaṃ kiccaṃ avijahitameva hoti. Paca hi buddhakiccāni purebhattakiccaṃ, pacchābhattakiccaṃ, purimayāmakiccaṃ, majjhimayāmakiccaṃ, pacchimayāmakiccanti.

Tatridaṃ purebhattakiccaṃ bhagavā hi pātova vuṭṭhāya upaṭṭhākānuggahatthaṃ sarīraphāsukatthaca mukhadhovanādisarīraparikammaṃ katvā yāva bhikkhācāravelā tāva vivittāsane vītināmetvā bhikkhācāravelāya nivāsetvā kāyabandhanaṃ bandhitvā cīvaraṃ pārupitvā pattamādāya kadāci ekakova, kadāci bhikkhusaṅghaparivuto gāmaṃ vā nigamaṃ vā piṇḍāya pavisati kadāci pakatiyā, kadāci anekehi pāṭihāriyehi vattamānehi. Seyyathidaṃ piṇḍāya pavisato lokanāthassa purato purato gantvā mudugatavātā pathaviṃ sodhenti, valāhakā udakaphusitāni mucantā magge reṇuṃ vūpasametvā upari vitānaṃ hutvā tiṭṭhanti, apare vātā pupphāni upasaṃharitvā magge okiranti, unnatā bhūmippadesā onamanti, onatā unnamanti, pādanikkhepasamaye samāva bhūmi hoti, sukhasamphassāni padumapupphāni vā pāde sampaṭicchanti. Indakhīlassa anto ṭhapitamatte dakkhiṇapāde sarīrato chabbaṇṇarasmiyo nikkhamitvā suvaṇṇarasapijarāni viya citrapaṭaparikkhittāni viya ca pāsādakūṭāgārādīni alaṅkarontiyo ito cito ca dhāvanti, hatthiassavihaṅgādayo sakasakaṭṭhānesu ṭhitāyeva madhurenākārena saddaṃ karonti, tathā bherivīṇādīni tūriyāni manussānaca kāyūpagāni ābharaṇāni. Tena saāṇena manussā jānanti ajja bhagavā idha piṇḍāya paviṭṭhoti. Te sunivatthā supārutā gandhapupphādīni ādāya gharā nikkhamitvā antaravīthiṃ paṭipajjitvā bhagavantaṃ gandhapupphādīhi sakkaccaṃ pūjetvā vanditvā amhākaṃ, bhante, dasa bhikkhū, amhākaṃ vīsati, paāsaṃpe sataṃ dethāti yācitvā bhagavatopi pattaṃ gahetvā āsanaṃ paāpetvā sakkaccaṃ piṇḍapātena paṭimānenti. Bhagavā katabhattakicco tesaṃ upanissayacittasantānāni oloketvā tathā dhammaṃ deseti, yathā keci saraṇagamanesu patiṭṭhahanti, keci pacasu sīlesu, keci sotāpattisakadāgāmianāgāmiphalānaṃ aatarasmiṃ, keci pabbajitvā aggaphale arahatteti. Evaṃ mahājanaṃ anuggahetvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ gacchati. Tattha gantvā gandhamaṇḍalamāḷe paattavarabuddhāsane nisīdati bhikkhūnaṃ bhattakiccapariyosānaṃ āgamayamāno. Tato bhikkhūnaṃ bhattakiccapariyosāne upaṭṭhāko bhagavato nivedeti. Atha bhagavā gandhakuṭiṃ pavisati. Idaṃ tāva purebhattakiccaṃ.

Atha bhagavā evaṃ katapurebhattakicco gandhakuṭiyā upaṭṭhāne nisīditvā pāde pakkhāletvā pādapīṭhe ṭhatvā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ ovadati bhikkhave, appamādena sampādetha, dullabho buddhuppādo lokasmiṃ, dullabho manussattapaṭilābho, dullabhā khaṇasampatti, dullabhā pabbajjā, dullabhaṃ saddhammassavananti. Tattha keci bhagavantaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ pucchanti. Bhagavā tesaṃ cariyānurūpaṃ kammaṭṭhānaṃ deti. Tato sabbepi bhagavantaṃ vanditvā attano attano rattiṭṭhānadivāṭṭhānāni gacchanti. Keci araaṃ, keci rukkhamūlaṃ, keci pabbatādīnaṃ aataraṃ, keci cātumahārājikabhavanaṃpe keci vasavattibhavananti . Tato bhagavā gandhakuṭiṃ pavisitvā sace ākaṅkhati, dakkhiṇena passena sato sampajāno muhuttaṃ sīhaseyyaṃ kappeti. Atha samassāsitakāyo uṭṭhahitvā dutiyabhāge lokaṃ voloketi. Tatiyabhāge yaṃ gāmaṃ vā nigamaṃ vā upanissāya viharati, tattha mahājano purebhattaṃ dānaṃ datvā pacchābhattaṃ sunivattho supāruto gandhapupphādīni ādāya vihāre sannipatati. Tato bhagavā sampattaparisāya anurūpena pāṭihāriyena gantvā dhammasabhāyaṃ paattavarabuddhāsane nisajja dhammaṃ deseti kālayuttaṃ samayayuttaṃ, atha kālaṃ viditvā parisaṃ uyyojeti, manussā bhagavantaṃ vanditvā pakkamanti. Idaṃ pacchābhattakiccaṃ.

So evaṃ niṭṭhitapacchābhattakicco sace gattāni osicitukāmo hoti, buddhāsanā uṭṭhāya nhānakoṭṭhakaṃ pavisitvā upaṭṭhākena paṭiyāditaudakena gattāni utuṃ gaṇhāpeti. Upaṭṭhākopi buddhāsanaṃ ānetvā gandhakuṭipariveṇe paapeti. Bhagavā surattadupaṭṭaṃ nivāsetvā kāyabandhanaṃ bandhitvā uttarāsaṅgaṃ ekaṃsaṃ katvā tattha āgantvā nisīdati ekakova muhuttaṃ paṭisallīno, atha bhikkhū tato tato āgamma bhagavato upaṭṭhānaṃ āgacchanti. Tattha ekacce pahaṃ pucchanti, ekacce kammaṭṭhānaṃ, ekacce dhammassavanaṃ yācanti. Bhagavā tesaṃ adhippāyaṃ sampādento purimayāmaṃ vitināmeti. Idaṃ purimayāmakiccaṃ.

Purimayāmakiccapariyosāne pana bhikkhūsu bhagavantaṃ vanditvā pakkantesu sakaladasasahassilokadhātudevatāyo okāsaṃ labhamānā bhagavantaṃ upasaṅkamitvā pahaṃ pucchanti yathābhisaṅkhataṃ antamaso caturakkharampi. Bhagavā tāsaṃ devatānaṃ pahaṃ vissajjento majjhimayāmaṃ vītināmeti. Idaṃ majjhimayāmakiccaṃ.

Pacchimayāmaṃ pana tayo koṭṭhāse katvā purebhattato paṭṭhāya nisajjāpīḷitassa sarīrassa kilāsubhāvamocanatthaṃ ekaṃ koṭṭhāsaṃ caṅkamena vītināmeti, dutiyakoṭṭhāse gandhakuṭiṃ pavisitvā dakkhiṇena passena sato sampajāno sīhaseyyaṃ kappeti. Tatiyakoṭṭhāse paccuṭṭhāya nisīditvā purimabuddhānaṃ santike dānasīlādivasena katādhikārapuggaladassanatthaṃ buddhacakkhunā lokaṃ voloketi. Idaṃ pacchimayāmakiccaṃ.

Tampi divasaṃ bhagavā imasmiṃyeva kicce ṭhito lokaṃ olokento idaṃ addasa mayā kosalaraṭṭhe cārikaṃ carantena aggikkhandhena upametvā ekasmiṃ sutte desite saṭṭhi bhikkhū arahattaṃ pāpuṇissanti, saṭṭhimattānaṃ uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ mukhato uggacchissati, saṭṭhimattā gihibhāvaṃ gamissanti. Tattha ye arahattaṃ pāpuṇissanti, te yaṃkici dhammadesanaṃ sutvā pāpuṇissanteva. Itaresaṃ pana bhikkhūnaṃ saṅgahatthāya cārikaṃ caritukāmo hutvā, ānanda, bhikkhūnaṃ ārocehīti āha.

Thero anupariveṇaṃ gantvā, āvuso, satthā mahājanassa saṅgahatthāya cārikaṃ caritukāmo, gantukāmā āgacchathāti āha. Bhikkhū mahālābhaṃ labhitvā viya tuṭṭhamānasā labhissāma vata mahājanassa dhammaṃ desentassa bhagavato suvaṇṇavaṇṇaṃ sarīraṃ oloketuṃ madhuraca dhammakathaṃ sotunti paruḷhakesā kese ohāretvā malaggahitapattā patte pacitvā kiliṭṭhacīvarā cīvarāni dhovitvā gamanasajjā ahesuṃ. Satthā aparicchinnena bhikkhusaṅghena parivuto kosalaraṭṭhaṃ cārikāya nikkhanto gāmanigamapaṭipāṭiyā ekadivasaṃ gāvutaaḍḍhayojanatigāvutayojanaparamaṃ cārikaṃ caranto ekasmiṃ padese mahantaṃ susirarukkhaṃ agginā sampajjalitaṃ disvā imameva vatthuṃ katvā sattahi aṅgehi paṭimaṇḍetvā dhammadesanaṃ kathessāmīti gamanaṃ pacchinditvā aataraṃ rukkhamūlaṃ upasaṅkamitvā nisajjākāraṃ dassesi. Ānandatthero satthu adhippāyaṃ atvā addhā kāraṇaṃ bhavissati, na akāraṇena tathāgatā gamanaṃ pacchinditvā nisīdantīti catugguṇaṃ saṅghāṭiṃ paāpesi. Satthā nisīditvā bhikkhū āmantetvā passatha no tumhe, bhikkhave, amuṃ mahantaṃ aggikkhandhanti aggikkhandhopamasuttantaṃ (a. ni. 7.72) deseti.

Imasmica pana veyyākaraṇe bhaamāne saṭṭhimattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ mukhato uggachi, saṭṭhimattā bhikkhū sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattiṃsu, saṭṭhimattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anupādāya āsavehi cittāni vimucciṃsu. Tahi veyyākaraṇaṃ sutvā saṭṭhimattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ nāmakāyo santatto, nāmakāye santatte karajakāyo santatto, karajakāye santatte nidhānagataṃ uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ mukhato uggachi. Saṭṭhimattā bhikkhū dukkaraṃ vata buddhasāsane yāvajīvaṃ paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ caritunti sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattā, saṭṭhimattā bhikkhū satthu desanābhimukhaṃ āṇaṃ pesetvā saha paṭisambhidāhi arahattaṃ pattā.

Tattha yesaṃ uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ mukhato uggachi, te pārājikaṃ āpajjiṃsu. Ye gihibhāvaṃ pattā, te khuddānukhuddakāni sikkhāpadāni maddantā vicariṃsu. Ye arahattaṃ pattā, te parisuddhasīlāva ahesuṃ. Satthu dhammadesanā imesaṃ tiṇṇampi saphalāva jātāti. Arahattaṃ pattānaṃ tāva saphalā hotu, itaresaṃ kathaṃ saphalā jātāti? Tepi hi sace imaṃ dhammadesanaṃ na suṇeyyuṃ, pamattāva hutvā ṭhānaṃ jahituṃ na sakkuṇeyyuṃ. Tato nesaṃ taṃ pāpaṃ vaḍḍhamānaṃ apāyesuyeva saṃsīdāpeyya . Imaṃ pana desanaṃ sutvā jātasaṃvegā ṭhānaṃ jahitvā sāmaṇerabhūmiyaṃ ṭhitā dasa sīlāni pūretvā yoniso manasikāre yuttappayuttā keci sotāpannā keci sakadāgāmino keci anāgāmino ahesuṃ, keci devaloke nibbattiṃsu, evaṃ pārājikāpannānampi saphalā ahosi. Itare pana sace imaṃ dhammadesanaṃ na suṇeyyuṃ, gacchante gacchante kāle anupubbena saṅghādisesampi pārājikampi pāpuṇitvā apāyesuyeva uppajjitvā mahādukkhaṃ anubhaveyyuṃ. Imaṃ pana desanaṃ sutvā aho sallekhitaṃ buddhasāsanaṃ, na sakkā amhehi yāvajīvaṃ imaṃ paṭipattiṃ pūretuṃ, sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya upāsakadhammaṃ pūretvā dukkhā muccissāmāti gihibhāvaṃ upagamiṃsu. Te tīsu saraṇesu patiṭṭhāya paca sīlāni rakkhitvā upāsakadhammaṃ pūretvā keci sotāpannā keci sakadāgāmino keci anāgāmino jātā, keci devaloke nibbattāti. Evaṃ tesampi saphalāva ahosi.

Imaṃ pana satthu dhammadesanaṃ sutvā devasaṅghā yehipi sutā, yehipi na sutā, sabbesaṃyeva ārocentā vicariṃsu. Bhikkhū sutvā sutvā dukkaraṃ, bho, buddhānaṃ sāsane yāvajīvaṃ paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ caritunti ekakkhaṇeneva dasapi bhikkhū vīsatipi saṭṭhipi satampi sahassampi bhikkhū gihī honti. Satthā yathāruciyā cārikaṃ caritvā puna jetavanameva āgantvā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhave, tathāgato cārikaṃ caramāno ciraṃ ākiṇṇo vihāsi, icchāmahaṃ, bhikkhave, aḍḍhamāsaṃ paṭisallīyituṃ, nāmhi kenaci upasaṅkamitabbo aatra ekena piṇḍapātanīhārakenāti. Aḍḍhamāsaṃ ekībhāvena vītināmetvā paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito ānandattherena saddhiṃ vihāracārikaṃ caramāno olokitolokitaṭṭhāne tanubhūtaṃ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ disvā jānantoyeva theraṃ pucchi ānanda, aasmiṃ kāle tathāgate cārikaṃ caritvā jetavanaṃ āgate sakalavihāro kāsāvapajjoto isivātappaṭivāto hoti, idāni pana tanubhūto bhikkhusaṅgho dissati, yebhuyyena ca uppaṇḍupaṇḍukajātā bhikkhū, kiṃ nu kho etanti? Etarahi bhagavā tumhākaṃ aggikkhandhopamadhammadesanaṃ kathitakālato paṭṭhāya bhikkhū saṃvegappattā hutvā mayaṃ etaṃ dhammaṃ sabbappakārena paripūretuṃ na sakkhissāma, asammāvattantānaca janassa saddhādeyyaṃ paribhujituṃ ayuttanti gihibhāvaṃ saṅkamantīti.

Tasmiṃ khaṇe bhagavato dhammasaṃvego uppajji. Tato theraṃ āha mayi paṭisallāne vītināmente na koci mama puttānaṃ ekaṃ assāsaṭṭhānaṃ kathesi. Sāgarassa hi otaraṇatitthāni viya bahūni imasmiṃ sāsane assāsakāraṇāni. Gacchānanda, gandhakuṭipariveṇe buddhāsanaṃ paāpetvā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ sannipātehīti. Thero tathā akāsi. Satthā buddhāsanavaragato bhikkhū āmantetvā, bhikkhave, mettāya sabbapubbabhāgo nāma neva appanā, na upacāro, sattānaṃ hitapharaṇamattamevāti vatvā imissā aṭṭhuppattiyā imaṃ cūḷaccharāsaṅghātasuttaṃ desesi.

Tattha accharāsaṅghātamattanti accharāpaharaṇamattaṃ, dve aṅguliyo paharitvā saddakaraṇamattanti attho. Mettācittanti sabbasattānaṃ hitapharaṇacittaṃ. Āsevatīti kathaṃ āsevati? Āvajjento āsevati, jānanto āsevati, passanto āsevati, paccavekkhanto āsevati, cittaṃ adhiṭṭhahanto āsevati, saddhāya adhimuccanto āsevati, vīriyaṃ paggaṇhanto āsevati, satiṃ upaṭṭhāpento āsevati, cittaṃ samādahanto āsevati, paāya pajānanto āsevati, abhieyyaṃ abhijānanto āsevati, parieyyaṃ parijānanto āsevati, pahātabbaṃ pajahanto āsevati, bhāvetabbaṃ bhāvento āsevati, sacchikātabbaṃ sacchikaronto āsevatīti (paṭi. ma. 2.2). Idha pana mettāpubbabhāgena hitapharaṇappavattanamatteneva āsevatīti veditabbo.

Arittajjhānoti atucchajjhāno apariccattajjhāno vā. Viharatīti iriyati pavattati pāleti yapeti yāpeti carati viharati. Tena vuccati viharatīti. Iminā padena mettaṃ āsevantassa bhikkhuno iriyāpathavihāro kathito. Satthusāsanakaroti satthu anusāsanikaro. Ovādapatikaroti ovādakārako. Ettha ca sakiṃvacanaṃ ovādo, punappunavacanaṃ anusāsanī. Sammukhāvacanampi ovādo, pesetvā parammukhāvacanaṃ, anusāsanī. Otiṇṇe vatthusmiṃ vacanaṃ ovādo, otiṇṇe vā anotiṇṇe vā vatthusmiṃ tantiṭhapanavasena vacanaṃ anusāsanī. Evaṃ viseso veditabbo. Paramatthato pana ovādoti vā anusāsanīti vā ese eke ekaṭṭhe same samabhāge tajjāte taevāti. Ettha ca accharāsaṅghātamattampi ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu mettācittaṃ āsevatīti idameva satthusāsanaceva ovādo ca, tassa karaṇato esa sāsanakaro ovādapatikaroti veditabbo.

Amoghanti atucchaṃ. Raṭṭhapiṇḍanti ātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya raṭṭhaṃ nissāya pabbajitena paresaṃ gehato paṭiladdhattā piṇḍapāto raṭṭhapiṇḍo nāma vuccati. Paribhujatīti cattāro paribhogā theyyaparibhogo iṇaparibhogo dāyajjaparibhogo sāmiparibhogoti. Tattha dussīlassa paribhogo theyyaparibhogo nāma. Sīlavato apaccavekkhitaparibhogo iṇaparibhogo nāma. Sattannaṃ sekkhānaṃ paribhogo dāyajjaparibhogā nāma. Khīṇāsavassa paribhogo sāmiparibhogo nāma. Tattha imassa bhikkhuno ayaṃ raṭṭhapiṇḍaparibhogo dvīhi kāraṇehi amogho hoti. Accharāsaṅghātamattampi mettācittaṃ āsevanto bhikkhu raṭṭhapiṇḍassa sāmiko hutvā, aṇaṇo hutvā, dāyādo hutvā paribhujatītipissa amogho raṭṭhapiṇḍaparibhogo. Accharāsaṅghātamattampi mettaṃ āsevantassa bhikkhuno dinnadānaṃ mahaṭṭhiyaṃ hoti mahapphalaṃ mahānisaṃsaṃ mahājutikaṃ mahāvipphārantipissa amogho raṭṭhapiṇḍaparibhogo. Ko pana vādo ye naṃ bahulīkarontīti ye pana imaṃ mettācittaṃ bahulaṃ āsevanti bhāventi punappunaṃ karonti, te amoghaṃ raṭṭhapiṇḍaṃ paribhujantīti ettha vattabbameva kiṃ? Evarūpā hi bhikkhū raṭṭhapiṇḍassa sāmino aṇaṇā dāyādā hutvā paribhujantīti.

3. Nếu chỉ trong khoảnh khắc bng mng tay, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, vị Tỷ-kheo pht từ tm; vị ấy, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, được gọi l vị Tỷ-kheo tr Thiền tịnh khng c trống khng, lm theo lời dạy bậc ạo Sư, l người lm theo gio giới, ăn đồ ăn khất thực của xứ khng c uổng ph. Cn ni g những người lm cho sung mn từ tm ấy.

54. Accharāsaṅghātamattampi ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu mettācittaṃ bhāveti; ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave bhikkhu arittajjhāno viharati satthusāsanakaro ovādapatikaro, amoghaṃ raṭṭhapiṇḍaṃ bhujati. Ko pana vādo ye naṃ bahulīkarontīti! Catutthaṃ.

54-55. Catutthe bhāvetīti uppādeti vaḍḍheti. Pacame manasi karotīti manasmiṃ karoti. Sesaṃ imesu dvīsupi tatiye vuttanayeneva veditabbaṃ. Yo hi āsevati, ayameva bhāveti, ayaṃ manasi karoti. Yena cittena āsevati, teneva bhāveti, tena manasi karoti. Sammāsambuddho pana yāya dhammadhātuyā suppaṭividdhattā desanāvilāsappatto nāma hoti, tassā suppaṭividdhattā attano desanāvilāsaṃ dhammissariyataṃ paṭisambhidāpabhedakusalataṃ appaṭihatasabbautaāṇaca nissāya ekakkhaṇe uppannaṃ ekacittameva tīhi koṭṭhāsehi vibhajitvā dassesīti.

4-5. Nếu chỉ trong khoảnh khắc bng mng tay, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, vị Tỷ-kheo tu tập từ tm ... tc từ tm; vị ấy, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, được gọi l vị Tỷ-kheo tr Thiền tịnh khng c trống khng, lm theo lời dạy bậc ạo Sư, l người lm theo gio giới, ăn đồ ăn khất thực của xứ khng c uổng ph. Cn ni g những người lm cho sung mn từ tm ấy.

55. Accharāsaṅghātamattampi ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu mettācittaṃ manasi karoti; ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave bhikkhu arittajjhāno viharati satthusāsanakaro ovādapatikaro amoghaṃ raṭṭhapiṇḍaṃ bhujati. Ko pana vādo ye naṃ bahulīkarontīti! Pacamaṃ.

56. Ye keci, bhikkhave, dhammā akusalā akusalabhāgiyā akusalapakkhikā, sabbe te manopubbaṅgamā. Mano tesaṃ dhammānaṃ paṭhamaṃ uppajjati, anvadeva akusalā dhammāti. Chaṭṭhaṃ.

56. Chaṭṭhe ye kecīti aniyāmitavacanaṃ. Akusalāti tesaṃ niyāmitavacanaṃ. Ettāvatā sabbākusalā asesato pariyādinnā honti. Akusalabhāgiyāakusalapakkhikāti akusalānamevetaṃ nāmaṃ. Akusalāyeva hi ekacce akusalaṃ sahajātavasena, ekacce upanissayavasena bhajanti ceva, tesaca pakkhā bhavantīti akusalabhāgiyā akusalapakkhikāti vuccanti. Sabbete manopubbaṅgamāti mano pubbaṃ paṭhamataraṃ gacchati etesanti manopubbaṅgamā. Ete hi kicāpi manena saddhiṃ ekuppādā ekavatthukā ekanirodhā ekārammaṇā ca honti. Yasmā pana tesaṃ mano uppādako kārako janako samuṭṭhāpako nibbattako, tasmā manopubbaṅgamā nāma honti.

Paṭhamaṃ uppajjatīti yathā nāma rājā nikkhantoti vutte rājāyeva nikkhanto, sesā rājasenā nikkhantā anikkhantāti pucchitabbakāraṇaṃ natthi, sabbā nikkhantāteva paāyanti, evameva mano uppannoti vuttakālato paṭṭhāya avasesā sahajātasaṃsaṭṭhasampayuttā uppannā na uppannāti pucchitabbakāraṇaṃ natthi, sabbe te uppannā tveva paāyanti. Etamatthavasaṃ paṭicca tehi saṃsaṭṭhasampayutto ekuppādekanirodhopi samāno mano tesaṃ dhammānaṃ paṭhamaṃ uppajjatīti vutto. Anvadevāti anudeva, saheva ekatoyevāti attho. Byajanacchāyaṃ pana gahetvā paṭhamaṃ cittaṃ uppajjati, pacchā cetasikāti na gahetabbaṃ. Attho hi paṭisaraṇaṃ , na byajanaṃ. Manopubbaṅgamā dhammā, manoseṭṭhā manomayāti gāthāyapi eseva nayo.

6. Phm những php no, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, l bất thiện, thuộc thnh phần bất thiện, đứng về pha bất thiện, tất cả cc php ấy đều được đi trước. khởi trước cc php ấy. Cc php bất thiện theo sau.

57. Ye keci, bhikkhave, dhammā kusalā kusalabhāgiyā kusalapakkhikā, sabbe te manopubbaṅgamā. Mano tesaṃ dhammānaṃ paṭhamaṃ uppajjati, anvadeva kusalā dhammāti. Sattamaṃ.

57. Sattame kusalāti catubhūmakāpi kusalā dhammā kathitā. Sesaṃ chaṭṭhe vuttanayeneva veditabbaṃ.

7. Phm những php no, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, l thiện, thuộc thnh phần thiện, đứng về pha thiện, tất cả cc php ấy đều được đi trước. khởi trước cc php ấy. Cc php thiện theo sau.

58. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā akusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā vā kusalā dhammā parihāyanti yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, pamādo. Pamattassa, bhikkhave, anuppannā ceva akusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā ca kusalā dhammā parihāyantīti. Aṭṭhamaṃ.

58. Aṭṭhame yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, pamādoti ettha, bhikkhaveti ālapanaṃ, yathā ayaṃ pamādoti attho. Pamādoti pamajjanākāro. Vuttahetaṃ

Tattha katamo pamādo? Kāyaduccarite vā vacīduccarite vā manoduccarite vā pacasu vā kāmaguṇesu cittassa vossaggo vossaggānuppadānaṃ kusalānaṃ vā dhammānaṃ bhāvanāya asakkaccakiriyatā asātaccakiriyatā anaṭṭhitakiriyatā olīnavuttitā nikkhittachandatā nikkhittadhuratā anadhiṭṭhānaṃ ananuyogo anāsevanā abhāvanā abahulīkammaṃ . Yo evarūpo pamādo pamajjanā pamajjitattaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati pamādoti (vibha. 846).

Uppannā ca kusalā dhammā parihāyantīti idaṃ jhānavipassanānaṃ vasena vuttaṃ. Maggaphalānaṃ pana sakiṃ uppannānaṃ puna parihānaṃ nāma natthi.

 

8. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, do php ấy, cc php bất thiện chưa sanh được sanh khởi, v cc php thiện đ sanh bị đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như phng dật. Với người phng dật, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, cc php bất thiện chưa sanh được sanh khởi, v cc php thiện đ sanh bị đoạn tận.

59. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā kusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā vā akusalā dhammā parihāyanti yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, appamādo. Appamattassa, bhikkhave, anuppannā ceva kusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā ca akusalā dhammā parihāyantīti. Navamaṃ.

59. Navame appamādo pamādassa paṭipakkhavasena vitthārato veditabbo.

9. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, do php ấy, cc php thiện chưa sanh được sanh khởi, v cc php bất thiện đ sanh được đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như khng phng dật. Với người khng phng dật, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, cc php thiện chưa sanh được sanh khởi, v cc php bất thiện đ sanh được đoạn tận.

60. Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā akusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā vā kusalā dhammā parihāyanti yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, kosajjaṃ. Kusītassa, bhikkhave, anuppannā ceva akusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā ca kusalā dhammā parihāyantīti. Dasamaṃ.

Accharāsaṅghātavaggo chaṭṭho.

60. Dasame kosajjanti kusītabhāvo. Sesaṃ vuttanayamevāti.

Accharāsaṅghātavaggavaṇṇanā.

 

10. Ta khng thấy một php no khc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, do php ấy, cc php bất thiện chưa sanh được sanh khởi, v cc php thiện đ sanh bị đoạn tận, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, như biếng nhc. Với người biếng nhc, ny cc Tỷ-kheo, cc php bất thiện chưa sanh được sanh khởi, v cc php thiện đ sanh bị đoạn tận.

 

 

 

 

 

Mục Lục Kinh Tăng Chi Bộ Pali- Việt

 


 

Aṅguttaranikāya

 

Aṅguttaranikāya (aṭṭhakathā)

 

Kinh Tăng Chi Bộ

 


 


KINH ĐIỂN 
Home

 

Phn đoạn song ngữ: Nga Tuyet

Updated 3-5-2019